Genus: Australothyris MODESTO, SCOTT & REISZ, 2009
Etymology: Latin, australis, "the south, the south wind" and Greek, thyris, "opening"; in reference to the presence of temporal fenestrae in this South Africna parareptile.

Species: smithi MODESTO, SCOTT & REISZ, 2009
Etymology: In honor of Roger M. H. Smith in recognition of his extensive contributions to Karoo paleontology.

Holotype: SAM-PK-K8302

Locality: Farm Beukesplass, Northern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Upper levels of the Abrahamskraal Formation, Beaufort Group, Karoo Supergroup.

Biostratigraphy: Tapinocephalus zone

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material: Skull with occluded mandible and associated postcranial elements.