Genus: Pareiasaurus OWEN, 1876
Etymology: Greek, pareia, “cheek, cheek-piece of a helmet”, Greek, sauros, “lizard”: Cheek lizard.
= Pariasaurus LYDEKKER, 1890 (sic)
= Propappus SEELEY, 1888
Etymology: Greek, propappos, “great-grandfather, forefather”: Forefather.
= ?Pareiasuchus BROOM & HAUGHTON, 1913
Etymology: Greek, pareia, “cheek”, Greek, soukhos, “crocodile”: Cheek crocodile.

Species: serridens OWEN, 1876
Etymology:
= Propappus serridens (OWEN, 1876)

Holotype: BMNH R4063 (old number R1710)

Locality: Blinkwater river, south of the Winterberg peak, north of Fort Beaufort, Fort Beaufort, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull (lost, LEE, 1997) cast, fragments of lower jaw (old number R1710), pelvis (old number 36251), and unprepared blocks including vertebrae, scapula, osteoderms.

Neotype: University of Stellenbosch No. X 13

Locality: Houdconstant, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

Referred material:

BROOM

Locality: From a farm of Hoogeveld, Lot A, near Knoflock's Fontein, Van Der Byl's Kraal, in Gouph, Prince Albert District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

Number: Not given: Skeleton.

BROOM, 1935

 

FINDLAY

Locality: Groot Driefontein, Murraysburg District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

BP 548: Skull and fragmentary skeleton with dermal ossicales.

 

LEE, 1997

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

BP 1/131: Complete skull and lower jaw.

BP 1/2907: Skull missing antorbital portion, parital left mandible, right forelimb, pelvis, left hindlimb and osteoderms.

GSP WB461: Complete skull and lower jaw, 3rd to 12th (or 4th to 13th) presacral vertebrae, shoulder girdle, ribs and osteoderms.

UOC 1562: Parts of jaws and other jaws and other cranial fragments, sacrum, pelvis, and partial hind limb.

SAM 8953: 11 dorsal, 2 sacral and 8 caudal vertebrae, portions of shoulder girdle, forelimbs, pelvis, ribs and osteoderms.

SAM 10032: Partial left hind limb, ostoderms, skull could not be loacated.

SAM 12000 (formerly Stellenbosch University Museum K218 and X13): Skull and lower jaw, atlas-axis and 3 other presacral vertebrae, partial shoulder girdle and left humerus.

 

LYDEKKER, 1890

Locality: South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

BMNH R1710a: Cast of a fragmentary skull.

 

OWEN, 1876

Locality: Blinkwater, north of Fort Beaufort, Fort Beaufort, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

BMNH S.A. 13: Fragmentary skull.

BMNH S.A. 14: Fragmentary right mandible.

BMNH S.A. 15: Fragmentary right mandible.


Locality: Near Sola’s Kraal, Kaffraria, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

BMNH SA 122: Left ilium.

 

= Propappus omocratus SEELEY, 1888
Etymology:
= Pareiasaurus omocratus (SEELEY, 1888)
= Pareiasaurus minor SEELEY, 1892

Holotype: BMNH R4064 (36250?)

Locality: Brak river, East Brak River District, near Fort Beaufort, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Hoedemaker member, Middle Teekloof Formation.

  1. Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone (Tropidostoma-Endothidon Assemblage zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Tropidostoma microtrema zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Cistecephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Endothiodon zone, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Femur, sacrum, pelvis and fragmentary humerus.

BROOM, 1935

Breakdown (LEE, 1997) of BMNH R4064: Elements from one individual formerly described as separate taxa and given separate catalogue numbers;
BMNH 36347: Left humerus.
BMNH 36242: 1st and 2nd sacrals.
BMNH 36241: 3rd and 4th sacrals.
BMNH 36426: Pelvis.
BMNH 36248: Left femur.
BMNH 36250: Right femur.
BMNH 36429: Left tibia.

Referred material:

Locality: Vinderaars Fontein, near Beaufort west, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

BMNH R848: Proximal portion of left femur.

 


Locality: On a road to Block Drift, near Fort Beaufort, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

BMNH 36246: A left pelvis.

 

= Anthodon gregoryi BROOM, 1930
Etymology:

Holotype: AMNH 7001

Locality: Near Bethesda Road Station, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull, lower jaw, and postcranial remains including limbs and osteoderms.\

BROOM, 1935

BROOM, 1935

 

= Propappus rogersi BROOM, 1912
Etymology:
= Brachypareia rogersi (BROOM, 1912)
= Bradysaurus rogersi (BROOM, 1912)

Holotype: SAM 8953

Locality: Hoedemaker's Kraal, Prince Albert, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Humerus, femur, radius, ulna and tibia and osteoderms.

Note: Orginally referred to Pareiasaurus serridens.

Referred material:

BOONSTRA, 1934

SAM 4350: Fragmentary skull, partial scapulocoracoid, partial clavicles, partial interclavicle, partial right and left humerus, right and left ulna, left radius and partial manus.

HAUGHTON & BOONSTRA, 1930

SAM 5012: Fragmentary skull and fragmentary skeleton.

 

= Pareiasaurus pinnatus OLSON & BROOM, 1937
Etymology:

Holotype: FMNH UC 1562

Locality: Near Wagenaars Kraal, South Africa.

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull, jaws, vertebrae, pelvis, limb bone fragments.

 

= Pareiasaurus rubidgei BROOM, 1940
Etymology:

Holotype: WEL RC 28

Locality: Oudeberg, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull with lower jaw, cervical vertebrae, partial shoulder girdle and left humerus.

 

= Anthodon nesemanni BROOM, 1940
Etymology:

Holotype: TM 1474

Locality: Swagershoek, Bethesda area, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull and lower jaw.