Genus: Procolophon OWEN, 1876
Etymology: Greek, pro, “before”, Greek, kolophon, “apex”: Forward apex.

Species: trigoniceps OWEN, 1876
Etymology:

Holotype: BMNH R1726

Locality: Donnybrook, between Tarkastad and Queenstown, Queenstown District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material: Skull.

After Broom, 1936

Referred material:

BROILI & SCHRODER, 1936

Munchn. Samml Nr. 1934 VIII 36, 37, 39: 3 skulls.

Munchn. Small Nr. 1934 VIII 39: Skull and skeleton.

 

CARROLL & LINDSAY, 1985

Locality: Vogelstruisfontein District, Bethulie, Free (Orange Free) State Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material:

BMNH R 514: Right mandibular ramus.

 

Locality: Tafelberg, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material:

BMNH R 518: Skull without braincase.

 


Locality: Orange Free State, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material:

BMNH R 1949: Skull with complete skeleton.

 

Locality: Haslop Hill, upper Zwaartkei District, Tarka, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material:

BMNH R 4087: Skull and skeleton.

 

Locality: Donnybrook, between Tarkastad and Queenstown, Queenstown District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material:

BMNH R 5483: Skull of a juvenile.

 

Locality: South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material:

FMNH UR 597: Skull without braincase.

 

Locality: Trollip siding, near Rasmead, Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material:

BMNH R 5768: Back of skull and anterior postcranial skeleton.

BMNH R 10251: Palate and lower jaws.

BMNH R 10254: Back of skull and anterior postcranial elements.

BMNH R 10255: Lower jaws and front of palate.

BMNH R 10257: Anterior end of palate.

 

Locality: Fernrocks, Middleburg District, Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material:

BMNH R 4125: Back of skull preserved as an internal mold.

BMNH R 10247: Back of skull.

 

COLBERT & KITCHING, 1975

Locality: Kitching Ridge, vicinity of Shackleton Glacier, which is about 225 km, east by south of Coalsack Bluff, Queen Maud Mountains, East Antartica, Antarctica.

Horizon: Fremouv Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Early Middle Triassic.

Material:

AMNH 9501: Partial impression of a skull in rock.

AMNH 9506: Skull and mandible, and associated skeleton to and including 21 presacral vertebra, pelvis, hind limbs and tail missing.

AMNH 9508: Front portion of a left dentary with 8 teeth.

AMNH 9509: Poorly preserved skull and partial skeleton.

AMNH 9510: Right humerus, radius and ulna and a series of ribs.

AMNH 9511: Right half of a small skull buried in matrix.

AMNH 9512: Several ribs and other postcranial bones.


Locality: Mount Kenyon, vicinity of Shackleton Glacier, which is about 225 km, east by south of Coalsack Bluff, Queen Maud Mountains, East Antartica, Antarctica.

Horizon: Fremouv Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Early Middle Triassic.

Material:

AMNH 9507: Disarticulated lower jaws with a few associated skull fragments and elements.

 

Locality: Collinson Ridge, near Halfmoon Bluff, vicinity of Shackleton Glacier, which is about 225 km, east by south of Coalsack Bluff, Queen Maud Mountains, East Antartica, Antarctica.

Horizon: Fremouv Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Early Middle Triassic.

Material:

AMNH 9518: Portions of 2 skulls and jaws in matrix, in cross-section.

AMNH 9533: Badly crushed skull with some associated bones.

 

DA-ROSA, PINEIRO, DIAS-DA-SILVA, CISNEROS, FELTRIN & NETO, 2009

Locality: Bica Sao Tome, between the cities of São Vicente do Sul and São Francisco de Assis, 6 km to the southeast of the latter, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil.

Horizon: Sanga do Cabral Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Triassic.

Material:

Level 5

UFSM 11409a, 11443: Fragmentary skull.

UFSM 11448: Mandibular fragment.

UFSM 11449: Fragment of maxilla and mandible in occlusion.

UFSM 11454: Mandibualr portion with teeth.

UFSM 11453: Distal fragment of femur.

UFSM 11457:

 

GOW, 1977

Locality: South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Triassic.

Material:

BP 929, 950, 952, 956, 959, 966, 1187, 1350, 2504, 3899, 4010: Fragmentary skulls.

BP 957, 2282: Teeth.

BP 1361, 2269, 4014, 4248: Skull.

DEBRAGA, 2003

BMNH R 3726, 4125, BP/1/962, PK-K 7711, NR 1934, SAM PK-K 10420, 10417, 10434: Fragmentary specimens.

GOW, 1977

QR 1597: Fragmentary skull.

BP 1366, 2507, 2510: Skulls.

van HEERDEN, 1974

QR 1598: Skull and lower jaw.

QR 1581, 1588, 1592, 1594, 1582, 1596, 1599: Skulls.

 

HUENE

Locality: Fernrocks, Middleburg District, Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull.

 

KEMP

Locality: Klipfontein, Bethulie, Free (Orange Free) State Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone (old Procolophon zone).

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material:

T 1026: Skull, braincase, lower jaws and anterior part of postcranial skeleton.

 

LYDEKKER

Locality: Tafelberg, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material:

BMNH R 794: Imperfect skull.

BMNH R 795: Imperfect skull and other bones.

 

OWEN, 1876

Locality: Tafelberg, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material:

BMNH SA 50: Cast of skull.

 

WATSON, 1914

Locality: Donnybrook, between Tarkastad and Queenstown, Queenstown District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: A nearly complete skeleton, and several skulls.

Modifed from Colbert & Kitching, 1975

 

Locality: Haslop Hill, 15 miles north of Donnybrook, Upper Zwaart Kei, Queenstown District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Skull and skeleton.

 

= Procolophon minor OWEN, 1876
Etymology:

Holotype: BMNH R 1727 (old BMNH SA 51?)

Locality: Tafelberg or Donnybrooke, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material: Skull with hyoid.

 

= Procolophon griersoni SEELEY, 1878
Etymology:

Holotype: BMNH R1726

Locality: Donnybrook, between Tarkastad and Queenstown, Queenstown District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material: Skull and dentary.

 

= Procolophon cuneiceps SEELEY, 1878
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Donnybrook, between Tarkastad and Queenstown, Queenstown District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material: Skull and dentary.

 

= Procolophon laticeps SEELEY, 1878
Etymology:

Holotype: BMNH 49427

Locality: Donnybrook, between Tarkastad and Queenstown, Queenstown District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone (old Procolophon zone).

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material: Skull and dentary.

 

= Procolophon plathyrhinus SEELEY, 1895
Etymology:

Holotype: BMNH R 3766

Locality: Fernrocks, Tafelberg, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material: Skull represented as an internal mold.

 

= Procolophon sphenorhinus SEELEY, 1895
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Fernrocks, Middleburg District, Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

= Procolophon pricei LAVINA, 1983
Etymology:

(BARBRERENA, ARAUJO & LAVINA 1985)

Holotype:

Locality: Aguiar a Sao Babreil, Catucaba, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil.

Horizon: Sanga do Cabral Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Triassic.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

SCHULTZ & DIAS-DA-SILVA, 1999

2 more skulls ?

CISNEROS & SCHULTZ, 2000

A partial skull.

 

= Procolophon brasiliensis CISNEROS & SCHULTZ, 2002
Eytmology: In reference to Brazil, where the material was found.
= Species Nova CISNEROS & SCHULTZ, 2000

Holotype: MCN PV 1905

Locality: Rincao dos Weiss Village, S29°33’27.35”, W53°26’56.43”, Mata County, Rio Gande do Sul State State, Brazil.

Horizon: Sanga do Cabral Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material: Partial skull and jaw in occlusion.