Genus: Spondylolestes BROOM, 1937
Etymology: Greek, spondyle, “cockroach”, Greek, lestes, “robber, thief”: Insect robber.

Species: rubidgei BROOM, 1937
Etymology: In honor of Dr. S. H. Rugidge.

Holotype: Rubidge’s Collection No. 3

Locality: Bethesda Road, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Katberg Formation, Beaufort Group.

Biostratigraphy: Lystrosaurus Assemblage zone.

Age: Early Scythian Epoch, Early Triassic.

Material: Fragmentary skull and dentary.