Genus: Fodonyx HONE & BENTON, 2008
Etymology: The new generic name Fodonyx is modelled on the name Scaphonyx, given to the Brazilian rhynchosaur by Woodward (1907), and meaing "spade claw," Latin, fodere, "to dig" and Greek, onyx, "claw"; hence meaing 'digging claw', in reference to the large unguals present on the foot.

Species: spenceri (BENTON, 1990) HONE & BENTON, 2008
Etymology:
= Rhynchosaurus spenceri BENTON, 1990

Holotype: EXEMS 60/1985.292

Locality: Otterton Point, Budleigh Salterton, (SY 07758196), East Devon County, England.

Horizon: Otter Sandstone Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material: A partial skull and mandible, including the floor of the orbit and the palate of the right side, a partial of the left side, the posterior right-hand angle of the skull, and both mandibles.

Referred material:

Locality: High Peak, near Sidmouth and River Otter, Budleigh Salterton, Devon County, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

BMNH R330: Left premaxilla.

 


Locality: High Peak, near Sidmouth and River Otter, Budleigh Salterton, Sidmouth, Devon County, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

BMNH R330: At least one thousand largely unidentifiable bone fragments.

 


Locality: Picket Rock Cove, Sidmouth, Devon County, England.

Horizon: Otter Sandstone Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

BMNH R9190 (renumbered R4215): Anterior part of a right dentary.

 


Locality: Left bank of the River Otter, close to its mouth, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

BGS GSM 90494: Right maxilla, anterior portion.

 


Locality: Smallstones Point, between Ladram Bay and Chiselbury Bay (SY 096847), Devon County, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 65/1984: Partial skull and mandible in five pieces, consisting of anterior palate, two maxillae, right pterygoid, and right mandible back to the adductor fossa.

 


Locality: Sand Cove, (SY 0987 8545), England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 60/1985.11: Partial right premaxilla.

 

Locality: SY 1010 8555, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 60.1985.12: Partial right dentary.

EXEMS 60/1985.15: Two mid-dorsal vertebrae.

EXEMS 60/1985.23: Broken piece of mandible (?).

EXEMS 60/1985.13: Small left maxilla.

 

Locality: SY 1022 8567, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 601985.37-45: Nine pieces of anterior skull and mandible, consisting of both premaxillae, the anterior end of the right maxilla, the anterior ends of both dentaries and splenials, the posterior toothed part of the right dentary, and two unidentified pieces.

EXEMS 60/1985.46: Left ectopterygoid of a large rhynchosaur.

 

Locality: SY 1032 8587, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 60/1985.56: Partial right dentary.

EXEMS 60.1985.57: Three mid-dorsal vertebrae.

EXEMS 60.1985.282: Left humerus, radius and ulna.


Locality: SY 1044 8589, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 60/1985.66: Skull element, jugal or surangular (?).

EXEMS 60.1985.67: Anterior portion of left splenial.

 


Locality: SY 1044 8587, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 60.1985.74: Impression in the matrix of a small right maxilla.

 

Locality: Green Point, Lade Foot, (SY 1053 8598), near Sidmouth, EastDevon County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon: Otter Sandstone Formation, Sherwood Sandstone Group.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian, Lower Middle Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 60.1985.91: Tiny right premaxilla.

 


Locality: SY 1297 8731, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 60.1985.92: Left premaxilla.

 


Locality: Wingate (SY 1066 8639), England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 60/1985.284: Lateral portion of a large left maxilla in three pieces.

 


Locality: SY 1067 8640, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 60/1985.285: Anterior portion of a left maxilla.

 


Locality: SY 0957 8495, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 60/1985.290: Small right maxilla.

 


Locality: SY 1060 8639, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 60/1985.292: Partial skull and mandible, in 14 pieces, floor of orbit and palate of right side (maxilla, jugal, palatine, pterygoid, ectopterygoid), partial palate of left side (palatine, pterygoid), posterior right-hand angel of skull (quadrate, quadratojugal, squamosal), and both mandibles, the right more complete than the left.

 


Locality: SY 1054 8626, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 60/1985.312: Posterior portion of a large left (?) maxilla.

 

Locality: ?, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 60.1985.313: Posterior portion of a right dentary.

 


Locality: SYL 1057 8641, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 7/1986.3: Small left maxilla, damaged at back, with part of orbital floor.

 


Locality: SY 1052 8598, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 7/1986.4: Posterior portion of a large right maxilla, with parts of the jugal and palatine around the infraorbital foramen.

 


Locality: SY 1051 8598, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 7/1986.5: Damaged posterior portion of a right mandible (Surangular, articular, ?prearticular).

 


Locality: SY 1053 8608, England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

EXEMS 7/1986.6: Large right premaxilla.

 

LANGER, FERIGOLO & SCHULTZ, 2000

Locality: England.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

BRSUG 26541: Left side of a maxilla of a juvenile.

BRSUG 26209: Maxillae of an adult.


= Hyperodapedon HUXLEY, 1969

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

Number: Not given:

 

= Hyperodapedon gordoni NEWTON, 1905 (referred)

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

Number: Not given:

 

 

= Rhynchosaurus WALKER, 1969

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

Number: Not given:

 

= Rhynchosaurus sp BENTON, 1983

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

Number: Not given: