A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Abbott, C. P., Lockwood, R., and Sues, H.-D., 2018, The Dimetrodon dilemma: reassessing posture in sphenacodontians and other non-mmalian synapsids: In: 78th Annual Meeting, Meeting Program and Abstracts, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 79.

Abler, W. L., 2001, A kerf-and –drill model of tyrannosaur tooth serrations: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indian University Press, p. 84-89.

Abler, W. L., 2005, Internal structure of tooth serrations: In: “The origin, systematics, and paleobiology of Tyrannosauridae”, a symposium hosted jointly by Burpee Museum of Natural History and Northern Illinois University, p. 38.

Abler, W. L., 2013, Internal structure of tooth serrations: In: Tyrannosaurid Paleobiology, edited by Parrish, J. M., Molnar, R. E., Currie, P. J., and Koppelhus, E. B., Indiana University Press, p. 81-86.

Allin, E. F., 1975, Evolution of the mammalian middle ear: Journal of Morphology, v. 147, p. 403-438.

Amson, E., and Laurin, M., 2011, On the affinities of Tetraceratops insigns, an Early Permian synapsid: Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, v. 56, n. 2, p. 301-312.

Anderson, J. S., and Reisz, R. R., 2004, Pyozia mesenensis, a new, small varanopid (Synapsida, Eupleycosauria) from Russia: “Pelycosaur” diversity in the Middle Permian: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 24, n. 1, p. 173-179.

Angielczyk, K. D., and Roopnaire, P. D., 2012, Do tetrapod herbivores matter? Ecocystem robustness, Olson's community types adn the primacy of insects: In: 72nd Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, supplement to the online journal of paleontology, October, 2012, p. 56.

Anonymous, 1881, Gaudry on Stereorhachis: American Naturalist, v. 15, p. 588-589.

Anonymous, 1905, The American Paleontologcial society. Section A-Vertebrata: Science, v. 21, n. 530, p. 294-298.

Anonymous, 1907, The Naosaurus, or “Ship-lizard”: The American Museum Journal, 1907, 36-41.

Anonymous, 1990, Old skull may be key link in evolution. Fossil had been sitting in museum more than 80 years: The San Diego Union, Thursday, May 17, 1990, p. E-1.

Anonymous, 1998, Humbacked Dinosaurs: Discover, v. 19, n. 4, p. 12.

Appleby, R. M., Charig, A. J., Cox, C. B., Kermack, K. A., and Tarlo, L. B. H., Reptilia: Chapter 28 in The Fossil Record, p. 695-731.

B

Baily, J. B., 1996, Sails or Humps? Inquiry into the biological significance of elongated neural spines among the dinosauria: 1996 Abstracts with programs. The Geological Society of America 30th annual North-Central Section, p. 28.

Baily, J. B., 1997, Neural spine elongation in dinosaurs: sailbacks or buffalo-backs?: Journal of Paleontology, v. 71, n. 6, p. 1124-1146.

Barid, D., 1969, From coal swamp to redbeds pond: ecological shift of a Carboniferous vertebrate chronofauna: Abstracts to papers to be presented at the North American Paleontological Convention, September 5, 6, & 7, 1969. Journal of Paleontology, v. 43, n. 3, p. 880.

Bakker, R. T., 1975, Dinosaur Renaissance: Scientific American, v. 232, n. 4, p. 58-72, 77-78.

Bakker, R. T., 1982, Juvenile-Adult Habitat Shift in Permian Fossil Reptiles and Amphibians: Science, v. 217, p. 53-55.

Bakker, R. T., 2000, Dinosaurs are birds: footprints, predator/prey rations, biogeography and respiratory anatomy agree in segregating the Dinosauria + Pterosauria from other Tetrapods: In: The Florida Symposium on Dinosaur Bird Evolution, Presented by the Florida Institute of Paleontology at the Graves Museum of Archaeology and Natural History, Dania Beach, Florida, USA, p. 9.

Bakker, R. T., 2005, The Belly River suite: final chronofauna of Mesozoic deep time: In: Dinosaur Park Symposium, short papers, abstracts and program, special publication of the Royal Tyrrell Museum, edited by Braman, D. R., Therrien, F., Koppelhus, E. B., and Taylor, W., 1-2.

Bakker, R. T., Flis, C. J., George C. D., and Cook, L. A., Bell, T. H., and Zoehfeld, K. W., 2015, Dimetrodon and the earliest apex predators: the Craddock bone bed and George Ranch facies show that aquatic prey, not herbivores, were key food sources: In: Meeting Program and Abstracts, SVP 75th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 83.

Ballou, W. H., 1898, Strange creatures of the past: The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine, v. 40, n. 33 (November 1897 to April, 1898), p. 15-23.

Barghusen, H. R., 1968, The lower jaw of cynodonts (Reptila, Therapsida) and the evolutionary origin of mammal like adductor jaw musculature: Postilla, n. 116, p. 1-49.

Barghusen, H. R., 1976, Notes on the adductor jaw musculature of Venjukovia, a primitive anomondont therapsid from the Permian of the U.S.S.R. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. Vol. 69, No. 10: 249-260.

Barry, T. H., 1963. On the variable occurrence of the tympanum in recent and fossil tetrapods: South African Journal of Science, May, 1963; p. 160-175.

Baur, G., 1885, Zur morphologie des carpus und tarsus der reptilien: Zoologischer Anzeiger, v. 8, p. 631-638.

Baur, G., 1886, Osteologische Notizen uber Reptilien: Zoologischer Anzeiger, v. 9, p. 685-690, 733-743.

Baur, G. ,1886,The Intercentrum of Living Reptila.

Baur, G., 1887, On the phylogenetic arrangement of the Sauropsida: Journal of Morphology, v. 1, n. 1, p. 93-104.

Baur, G., 1889, Palaeohatteria Credner and the Proganosauria: American Journal of Science, 3rd series, v. 37, p. 310-313.

Beck, A. L., 2001, Locomotor evolution of the hindlimb in the synapsida: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 21, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of papers, sixty-first annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Museum of the Rockies, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, October 3-6, p. 32a.

Beck, A. L., 2002, Functional integation of the locomotor system in non-mammalian synaspids during the Permian: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 22, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Sixty-second annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, University of Oklahoma, Norman Oklahoma, October 9-12, p. 35a.

Beck, A., 2005, Patterns of limb evolution in the non-mammalian synapsids: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 25, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of papers, sixty-fifth annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Mesa Southwest Museum and Phoenix Marriott Mesa, Mesa, Arizona, October 19-22, 2005, p. 35a.

Beck, A. L., and Sears, K., 2008, Trends in the evolution of body size in non-mammalian synapsids: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 28, supplement to no. 3, Program and Abstracts, 68th Annual Meeting , Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Case Western Reserve University, Renaissance Cleveland Hotel, Cleveland, Ohio USA, October 15-18, p. 49a-50a.

Beck, K. G., Soler-Gijon, R., Carlucci, J. R., and Willis, R. E., 2016, Morphology and histology of dorsal spines of the xenacanthid shark Orthacanthus platypternus from the Lower Permian of Texas, USA: palaeobiological and palaeoenvironmental implications: Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, v. 61, n. 1, 97-117.

Beerbower, R., Olson, E. C., and Hotton, N. III, 1992, The early development of Tetrapod herbivory: In: Fifth North American Paleontological Convention - Abstracts and Program - Field Museum of Natural History, June 28-July 1, 1992. Edited by Lidgard, S., and Crane, P. R., The Paleontological Society Special Publication, n. 6, p. 21.

Bennett, S. C., 1994, Aerodynamic effect of tubercules and crossbars of dorsal sails of Edaphosaurus: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 14, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Fifty-Fourth Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Burke Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 7 September 1994, p.15A.

Bennett, S. C., 1996, Aerodynamics and thermoregulatory function of the dorsal sail of Edaphosaurus: Paleobiology, v. 22, n. 4, p. 496-506.

Benson, R. B. J., 2012, Interrelationships of basal synapsids: cranial and postcranial morphological partitions suggest differnt topologies: Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, v. 10, issue 4, p. 601-624.

Benson, R., Ruta, M, and Atkison, E., 2011, The colonisation of land: poor sampling of early amniotes and sustained high evolutonary rates in the origin of therapsida: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Supplement to online Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 71st Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Paris Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, November 2-5, 2011, Program and Abstracts, p. 69-70.

Benton, M. J., 1979, Ecological succession among Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic Tetrapods: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 26, p.127-150.

Benton, M. J., 1985, Patterns in the diversification of Mesozoic non-marine Tetrapods and problems in historical diversity analysis: Special Papers in Palaeontology, v. 33, p. 185-202.

Benton, M. J., 1987, Mass extinctions among families of non-marine tetrapods: the data: M Memoires de la Societe Geologique de France, New Series, n. 150, p. 21-32.

Benton, M. J., 1990, Reptiles, Chapter 12: In: Evolutionary Trends, Edited by McNamara, K. J., The University of Arizona Press, p. 279-300.

Benton, M. J., 1993, Reptilia: In: The Fossil Record 2. Edited by Benton, M. J., p. 681-715.

Benton, M. J., 1997, Reptiles: In: Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs, edited by Currie, P. J., and Padian, K., Academic Press, p. 637-643.

Benton, M. J., 2012, No gap in the Middle Permian record of terrestrial vertebrates: Geology, v. 40, p. 339-342.

Benton, M. J., and Ruta, M., 2011, Tetrapod evolution through the Permian and Triassic: rock record, supertrees and detecting events: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Supplement to online Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 71st Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Paris Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, November 2-5, 2011, Program and Abstracts, p. 70.

Benton, M. J., and Spencer, P. S., 1995, Fossil Reptiles of Great Britain: Geological Conservation Review Series, Chapman & Hall, 386pp.

Berman, D. S., 1977, A new species of Dimetrodon (Reptilia, Pelycosauria) from a non deltaic facies in the Early Permian of North-Central New Mexico: Journal of Paleontology, v. 51, n. 1, p.108-115.

Berman, D. S., 1978, Ctenospondylus ninevehensis, a new species (Reptilia, Pelycosauria) from the Early Permian Dunkard Group of Ohio: Annals of Carnegie Museum, v. 47, article 21, p. 493-514.

Berman, D. S., 1979, Edaphosaurus (Reptilia, Pelycosauria) from the Early Permian of Northeastern United States, with description of a new species: Annals of Carnegie Museum, v. 48, article 11, p. 185-202.

Berman, D. S., 1982, restudy of Mycterosaurus longiceps (Reptilia, Pelycosauria) from the Early Permian of Texas: Annals of Carnegie Museum, v. 51, article 22, p. 423-453.

Berman, D. S., 1993, Early Permian Vertebrate localities of New Mexico and their assemblages: In: Aspects of Mesozoic Geology and Paleontology of the Colorado Plateau. Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin n. 59, p. 11-21.

Berman, D. S., 2000, Origin and early evolution of the amnoite occiput: Journal of Paleontology, v. 74, n. 5: 938-956.

Berman, D. S., 2013, Diadectomorphs, amniotes or not? In: The Carboniferous-Permian Transition, Edited by Lucas, S. G., DiMichele, W. A., Barrick, J. E., Schneider, J. W. and Spielmann, J. A., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 60, p. 22-35.

Berman, D. S., Henrici, A. C., and Lucas, S G., 2013, Ophiacodon (Synapsida, Ophiacodontidae) from the Lower Permian Sangrede Crito Formation of New Mexico: In: The Carboniferous-Permian Transition, Edited by Lucas, S. G., DiMichele, W. A., Barrick, J. E., Schneider, J. W. and Spielmann, J. A., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 60, p. 36-41.

Berman, D. S., Henirici, A. C., and Sumida, S. S., 2009, Pelycosaurian-grade synapsids from the Lower Permina Bromacker locality, central Germany: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 29, supplement to n. 3, 69th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology and 57th Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy (SPVCA): 62a.

Berman, D. S., Henrici, A. C., Sumida, S. S., and Martens, T., 2000, Redescription of Seymouria sanjuanensis (Seymouriamorpha) from the Lower Permian of Germany based on complete, mature specimens with a discussion on the paleoecology of the Bromacker locality assemblage: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 20, n. 2, p. 253-268.

Berman, D. S., Henrici, A. C., Sumida, S. S., and Martens, T., 2004, New materials of Dimetrodon teutonis (synapsida: sphenodontidae) from the Lower Permian of Germany: Annals of Carnegie Museum, v. 73, n. 2, p. 48-56.

Berman, D. S., Henrici, A. C., Sumida, S. S., Martens, T., and Pelletier, V., 2014, First European record of a varanodotine (Synapsida:Varanopidae): member of a unique Early Permian Upland Paleoecosystem, Tambach Basin, Central Germany: In: Early Evolutionary history of the Synapsida, Part I, "Pelycosaur"-Grade Synapsids, Chapter 5, Kammerer, C. F., Angielczyk, K. D., and Fröbisch, editors, Springer, p. 69-86.

Berman, D. S., Maddin, H. C., Henrici, A. C., Sumida, S. S., Scott, D., and Reisz, R. R., 2020, New primitive caseid (Synapsida, Caseasauria) from the Early Permian of Germany: Annals of Carnegie Museum, v. 86, n. 1, p. 43-75.

Berman, D. S., and Martens, T., 1993, First occurrence of Seymouria (Amphibia: Batrachosauria) in the Early Permian Rothiegend of Central Germany: Annals of the Carnegie Museum,v. 62, n. 1., p. 63-9.

Berman, D. S., and Reisz, R. R., 1980, A new species of Trimerorhachis (Amphibia, Temnospondyli) from the Early Permian Abo Formation of New Mexico, with discussion of Permian faunal Distributions in the State: Annals of Carnegie Museum. v. 49, article 24, p. 455-485.

Berman, D. S., Reisz, R. R., Bold, J. R., and Scott, D., 1995, The cranial anatomy and relationships of the Synapsid Varanosaurus (Eupelycosauria: ophiacodontidae) from the Early Permian of Texas and Oklahoma: Annals of Carnegie Museum, v. 64, n. 2, p. 99-133.

Berman, D. S., Reisz, R. R., Martens, T., and Henrici, A. C., 2001, A new species of Dimetrodon (Synapsida : Sphenacodontidae) from the Lower Permian of Germany records first occurrence of genus outside of North America: Canadian Journal of Earth Science, v. 38, p. 803-812.

Berman, D. S., and Sumida, S. S., 1995. New cranial material of the rare Diadectid Desmatodon hesperis (Diadecomorpha) from the Late Pennsylvanian of Central Colorado. Annals of Carnege Museum, Volume 64, Number 4: 315-336.

Berman, D. S., Sumida, S. S., and Lombard, R. E., 1997, Biogeography of Primitive Amnoites: Chapter 4. In: Amniote Origins, Completing the Transition to Land. Edited by Sumida, S. S., and Martin, K. L. M.,. Academic Press, p. 85-139.

Bever, G. S., Lyson, T. R., Field, D. J., and Bhullar, B.-A. S., 2015, Evolutionary origin of the turtle skull: Nature, published online, 12pp. 

Bolt, J. R., 1974, Evolution and functional interpretation of some suture patterns in Paleozoic Labyrinthodont Amphibians and other lower tetrapods: Journal of Paleontology, v. 48, n. 3, p. 434-458.

Bolt, J. R., 1980, New tetrapods with biscupid teeth from the Fort Sill Locality (Early Permian, Oklahoma): Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatschefte, 1980, n. 8, p. 449-459.

Boonstra, L. D., 1963, Early dichotomies in the therapsids: South African Jounral of Science, v. 59, n. 5, p. 176-195.

Botha-Brink, J., and Modesto, S. P., 2007, A mixed-age classed 'pelycosaur' aggregation from South Africa: earliest evidence of parental care in amniotes? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, published online, 6pp.

Botha-Brink, J., and Modesto, S. P., 2007, Evidence of social aggregation in Paleozoic basal synapsid ('Pelycosaur") from South Africa: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 27, supplement to n. 3, 67 annual meeting, The Jackson School of Geosciences, University of Texas, p. 50a.

Botha-Brink, J., and Modesto, S., P., 2009, Anatomy and relationships of the Middle Permian varanopid Heleosaurus scholtzi based on a social aggregation from the Karoo basin of South Africa: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 29, n. 2, p. 389-400.

Boule, M., and Glangeau, P., 1893, Le Callibrachion, nouveau reptile du Permian d'Autun: Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des Sciences Paris, v. 117, p. 646-648.

Boulenger, G. A., 1889, A new Permian Rhynchocephalian Reptile: Nature, v. 39, p. 562-564.

Boy, J. A., 1981, Zur Anwendung der Henningschen Methode in der Wirbeltierpalaontologie: Paläontologische Zeitschrift, v. 55, n. 1, p. 87-107.

Boyd, M. J., 1984, The Late Carboniferous Tetrapod Assemblage from Newsham, Northumberland: Palaeontology, v. 27, part 2, p. 367-392.

Brink, A. S., 1982, Illustrated Bibliographical Catalogue of the Synapsida: Departement of Minearal and Energy Affairs, handbook 10, part 1, p. unnumbered.

Brink, A. S., 1988, Illustrated Bibliographical Catalogue of the Synapsida: Departement of Minearal and Energy Affairs, handbook 10, part 2, p. unnumbered.

Brink, K. S., 2015, Feature article: Dimetrodon of the North: CSVP Boneshaker, the official newsletter of the Canadian Society of Vertebrate Palaeontology, Winter 2015, p. 6-13.

Brink, K. S., Campione, N., Hawthorn, J., Maddin, H., Evans, D., and Reisz, R. R., 2014, The Permian vertebrates of Prince Edwards Island: In: 24th Annual Canadian Palaeontology Conerence Proceedings no. 12, p. 10-11.

Brink, K. S., Evans, D., Maddin, H., and Reisz, R., 2014, Phylogenetic assessment of Bathygnathus borealis, a derived species of Dimetrodon from Canada: In: Meeting Program and Abstracts, 74th Meeting Berling, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 97.

Brink, K. S., Leblanc, A. R., Sander, P. M., and Reisz, R. R., 2017, Dental histolgy adn tooth implantation in Early Permian non-mammalina synapsids: In: 72nd Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, supplement to the online journal of paleontology, October, 2012, p. 68.

Brink, K. S., Maddin, H. C., Evans, D. C., and Reisz, R. R., 2015, Re-evaluation of the historic Canadian fossil Bathygnathus borealis from the Early Permian of Prince Edward Island: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, published online, 12pp.

Brink, K. S., MacDougall, M. J., and Reisz, R. R., 2016, First occurrence of Dimetrodon (Synapsida: Sphenacodontidae) at the Early Permian Richards Spur Locality, Oklahoma: In: Canadian Society of Vertebrate Palaeontology, University of Toronto, Mississauga, May 18-21, 2016, Abstracts, Program, Schedule of events, p. 21-22.

Brink, K. S., and Reisz, R. R., 2014, Hidden dental diversity in the oldest terrestrial apex predator Dimetrodon: Nature Communications, published on line, p. 1-6.

Brink, K., Reisz, R,. and Scott, D, 2011, Ontogeny and taxonomy of a new sphenacodontid specimen from the Early Permian of Texas: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Supplement to online Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 71st Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Paris Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, November 2-5, 2011, Program and Abstracts, p. 78.

Brinkman, D., 1981, The hind limb step cycle of Iguana and primitive reptiles: Journal of Zoology, London, v. 181, p. 91-103.

Brinkman, D., 1988, Size independent criteria for estimating relative age in Ophinacodon and Dimetrodon (Reptilia, Pelycosauria) from the Admiral and lower Belle Plains Formations of west central Texas: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 8, n. 2, p. 172-180.

Brinkman, D., and Eberth, D. A., 1983, The interrelationships of Pelycosaurs: Breviora, n. 473, p. 1-35.

Brinkman, D., and Eberth, D. A., 1986, The anatomy of Relationships of Stereophallodon and Baldwinonus (Reptilia, Pelycosauria): Breviora, n. 485, p. 1-34.

Brocklehurst, N., 2014, Innovation, extinction and rates of cladogensis in early amniotes: In: Meeting Program and Abstracts, 74th Meeting Berling, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 98.

Brocklehurst, N., 2018, An examination of the impact of Olson's extinction on tetrapods from Texas: PeerJ 6:e4767; DI 10.7717/peerj.4767, 22pp.

Brocklehurst, N., 2020, Olson's gap or Olson's extinction? a bayesian tip-dating approach to resolving stratigraphic uncertanity: Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, v. 287, publihsed online, 6 pp.

Brocklehurst, N., and Brink, K., 2016, Slection towards larger body size in both herbivorous and carnivorous synapsids during the Carboniferous:   In: SVPCA and SPPC 2016 Liverpool, Abstract book, p. 15.

Brocklehurst, N., and Brink, K. S., 2017, Selection towards larger body size in both herbivorous and carnivorous synapsids during the Carbonfierous: FACETS, a multidisplinary open access journal, v. 2, p. 68-84.

Brocklehurst, N., Dunne, E. M., Cashmore, D. D., and Forbisch, J., 2018, Physical and environmental drivers of Paleozoic tetrapod dispersal across Pangaea: Nature Communications, published online, 12pp.

Brocklehurst, N., and Fröbish, J., 2017, A re-examination of the enigmatic Russian tetrapod Phreatophasma aenigmaticum and its evolutionary implications: Fossil Recod, Museum für naturkunde Berling, Open Acces, v. 20, p. 87-93.

Brocklehurst, N., and Fröbish, J, 2017, A re-examination of Milosaurus mccordi, and the evolution of large body size in Carbonifeorus synapsids: In: SVPCA, the 65th Symposium on Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy, and The 26th Symposium on Palaeontological Preparation and Conservation, Abstract volume, p. 37.

Brocklehurst, N., and Fröbisch, J., 2018, The definition of bioregions in paleontological studies of diveristy and biogeography affects interpretations: Paleozoic tetrapods as a case study: In: 78th Annual Meeting, Meeting Program and Abstracts, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 97.

Brocklehurst, N., and Fröbisch, J., 2018 (publihsed 2019), A reexamination of Milosaurus mccordi, and the evolution of large body size in Carboniferous synapsids: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 38, n. 5, e1508026, 10pp.

Brocklehurst, N., Kammerer, C. F., and Benson, R. J., 2020, The origin of tetrapod herbivory: effects on local plant diversity: Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, v. 287, 7pp.

Brocklehurst, N., Kammerer, C,. and Förbisch, J., 2013, The influence of sampling on the fossil record of Paleozoic synapsids, and the effect of Olson's extinction on thier evolution: In: Program and Abstracts, 73rd Meeting Los Angeles, CA., Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Supplement to online Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 95.

Brocklehurst, N., Reisz, R., and Fröbisch, J., 2014, A re-description of Mycterosaurus smithae, an Early Permian eothyridid, and an examination of the phylogeny of pelycosaurina-grade synapsids: In: 62nd Symposium on Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy, 23rd Symposium on Palaeontological Preparation and Curation with the Geological Curator's Group, p. 18.

Brocklehurst, N., Reisz, R. R., Fernandez, V., and Fröbisch, J., 2016, A re-description of 'Mycterosaurus' smithae, an Early Permian eothyridid, and its impact on the phylogeny of pelycosaurian-grade synapsids:  Public Library of Science (PLOS), One, v. 11, n. 6, 27 pp.

Brocklehurst, N., Romano, M., and Förbisch, J., 2016, Principal component analysis as an alternative treatmment from morphometric characters: phylogeny of caseids as a case study: Palaeontology, v. 59, part 6, p. 877-886.

Brocklehurst, N., Ruta, M., Müller, J., and Fröbisch, J., 2015, Elevated extinction rates as a trigger for diversification rate shifts: early amniotes as as case study: Scientific Reports, published online, 10pp.

Broili, F., 1904, Permische Stegocephalen und Reptilien: Palaeontograpihca, Abt A., p. 1-120.

Broom, R., 1910, A further comparison of the South African Dinocephalians with the American Pelycosaurs: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 28, p. 167-231.

Broom, R., 1913, South African fossil reptiles: The American Museum Journal, v. 13, n. 8, p. 334-346.

Broom, R., 1921, On the structure of the reptilian tarsus: Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1921, p. 143-155.

Broom, R., 1927, On a new type of mammal like reptile from the South African Karroo Beds (Anningia megalops): Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1927, p. 227-232.

Broom, R., 1930, On a new primitive theromorph (Eumatthevia bolli): American Museum Novitiates, v. 446, p. 1-4.

Broom, R., 1938, On recent discoveries throwing light on the origin of the mammal-like reptiles: Annals of the Transvaal Museum, v. 19, part 2, p. 253-255.

Buffrenil, V. de, 1982, Morphogenesis of bone ornamentation in extant and extinct crocodilians: Zoomorphology, p. 989, p. 155-166.

Busbey, A. B, III., 1990, The Bally Mountain Early Permian Vertebrae Locality, Kiowa Co., Oklahoma: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 10, supplement to n.3. Abstracts of Papers Fiftieth Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Museum of Natural History, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, October 11-13, 1990, p. 16a.

C

Campione, N., 2008, A new specimen of Varanops brevirostris with implications for Varanopid anatomy and evolutionary history: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 28, supplement to no. 3, Program and Abstracts, 68th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Case Western Reserve University, Renaissance Cleveland Hotel, Cleveland, Ohio USA, October 15-18, p. 60a.

Campione, N. E., and Reisz, R. R., 2010, Varanops brevirostris (Eupelycosauria: Varanopidae) from the Lower Permina of Texas, with discussion of varanopid morphology and interrelationships: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 30, n. 724-746.

Cantrell, A. K., Suazo, T. L., Berman, D. S. Spielmann, J. A., Lucas, S. G., Henrici, A. C., and Rinehart, L. F., 2013, The Gallina Well locality, an Early Permian (Middle Wolfcampian) vertebrate fossil site in Socorro County, New Mexico: In: The Carboniferous-Permian transition in Central New Mexico, edited by Lucas, S. G., Nelson, W. J., DiMichele, W. A., Spielmann, J. A., Krainer, K., Barrick, J. E., Elrick, S. and Voigt, S., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 59, p. 253-264. 

Cantrell, A. K., Suazo, T. L., McKeighen jr, K. L., McKeighen, H. W., Lucas, S. G., Harris, S. K., Spielmann, J. A., and Rinehart, L. F., 2011, Dimetrodon (Eupelycosauria: Sphenacodontidae) from the Lower Permain Abo Formation, Socorro and Torrance Counties, New Mexico: In: Fossil Record 3, edited by Sullivan, R. M., Lucas, S. G., and Spielmann, J. A., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 53, p. 34-37.

Carpenter, D., Falcon-Lang, H. J., Benton, M. J., and Nelson, W. J., 2011, Fishes and tetrapods in the Upper Pennsylvania (Kasimovian) Cohn Coal Member of the Mattoon Formation of Illinois, United States: systematics, paleoecology, and paleoenvironments: Palaios, v. 26, p. 639-657.

Carroll, R. L., 1969, Problems of the origin of Reptiles: Biological Review, v. 44, p. 393-432.

Carroll, R. L., 1964, The earliest reptiles: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, v. 45, p. 61-83.

Carroll, R. L., 1982, Sir William Dawson and the vertebrate fossils of the Joggins fauna: Third North American Paleontological Convention, Proceedings, v. 1, p. 71-75.

Carroll, R. L., 1982, Early evolution of reptiles: Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, v. 13, p. 87-109.

Carroll, R. L., 1986, The skeletal anatomy and some aspects of the physiology of primitive reptiles: In: The Ecology and Biology of Mammal-like Reptiles, edited by Hotton N. III, MacLean, P. D., Roth, J. J., and Roth, E. C., Smithsonian Institution Press, p. 25-46.

Carroll, R. L., 1988, Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution: W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, 699pp.

Carroll, R. L., 2009, Search fo rthe ancestry of turtles: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 29, supplement to n. 3, 69th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology and 57th Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy (SPVCA): 75a.

Carroll, R. L., 2013, Problems of the ancestry of turtles, Part II, The Origin of Turtles, Chapter 3: In: Morphology and Evolution of Turtles, Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology, edited by Brinkman, D. B., Holroyd, P. A., and Gardner, J. D., Springer Publishing, p. 9-15.

Case, E. C., The Character of the Wichita and Clear Fork divisions of the Permian Red Beds of Texas: AMNH.

Case, E. C., On the Value of the evidence furnished by Vertebrate fossils of age of certain so called Permian beds in North America.

Case, E. C., Paleozoic Reptilia and Amphibia.

Case, E. C., Description of the skull of Bolosaurus striatus COPE.

Case, E. C., 1901, Description of a skeleton of Dimetrodon incisivus Cope: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 18, p. 189-196.

Case, E. C., 1902, Paleontological notes.: Journal of Geology, v. 10, p. 256-261.

Case, E. C., 1902, Palaeontological notes: Contributions From Walker Museum, v. 1, n. 3, p. 45-50.

Case, E. C., 1903, New or Little-Known Vertebrates from the Permian of Texas: Contributions From Walker Museum, v. 1, n. 4, p. 53-61.

Case, E. C., 1903, The structure and relationships of the American Pelycosauria: The American Naturalist, v. 37, n. 434, p. 85-101.

Case, E. C., 1904, The osteology of the skull of the pelycosaurian genus, Dimetrodon: Contributions From Walker Museum, v. 1, n. 6, p. 75-82.

Case, E. C., 1904, On the structure of the fore foot of Dimetrodon: Contributions from Walker Museum, v. 1, n. 6, p. 83-86.

Case, E. C., 1904, A remarkably preserved specimen of a pelycosaur collected during the last summer in Texas: Science, new series, v. 21, p. 253.

Case, E. C., 1905, Bathygnathus borealis, LEIDY, and the Permian of Prince Edwards Island: Science, new series, v. 22, n. 550, p. 52-53.

Case, E. C., 1905, The osteology of the Diadectidae and their relations to the Chelydosauria: Journal of Geology, v. 13, p. 126-159.

Case, E. C., 1906, On the skull of Edaphosaurus pogonias: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 22, p. 19-26.

Case, E. C., 1907, Revision of the Pelycosauria of North America: Publications, Carnegie Institution of Washington, n. 55, 175pp.

Case, E. C., 1908, Description of Vertebrate Fossils from the vicinity of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Annals of the Carnegie Museum, v 4, n. 3-4, p. 234-241.

Case, E. C., 1910, The skeleton of Poecilospondylus francisi, a new genus and species of Pelycosauria: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 28, p. 103-108.

Case, E. C., 1908, A great Permian delta and its vertebrate life, with restorations by the Author: Popular Science Monthly, December, p. 557-568.

Case, E. C., 1911, The Vertebrates from the Permian Bone Bed of Vermilion County, Illinois: Contributions from the Walker Museum.

Case, E. C., 1911, A revision of the Cotylosauria of North America: Publications, Carnegie Institution of Washington, n. 145, 122pp.

Case, E. C., 1914, Restoration of Edaphosaurus cruciger COPE: The American Nautralist, v. 48, p. 116-121.

Case, E. C., 1915, The Permo Carboniferous red beds of North America and their Vertebrate Fauna: Carnegie Institution of Washington, Publication, n. 207, p. 1-176.

Case, E. C., 1918, A mounted skeleton of Edaphosaurus cruciger Cope, in the Geological collections of the University of Michigan: Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, n. 61, p. 1-4.

Cavalcanti, M. J., 2003, Autocorrelacao filogenetica para o tamanho do corpo em pelycosauria (Reptilia, Diapsida): In: III Simposio Brasileiro de Paleontologia de Vertebrados, 1 pp, unnumbered.

Celeskey, M. D., Lucas, S. G., and Rinehart, L. F., 2018, A new edaphosaur from the Early Permian of New Mexico withnovel specializations for herbivory: In: 78th Annual Meeting, Meeting Program and Abstracts, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 103.

Chamberlin, T. C., 1900, On the habitat of the early vertebrates: Journal of Geology, v. 8, p. 400-412.

Chaney, D. S., Dimichele, W. A., Mamay, S. H., and Hook, R. W., 1994, Early Permian paleoclimate of north Central Texas: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 14, supplement to n. 3, 7 September 1994, Abstracts of Papers, Fifty-Fourth Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Burke Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, p. 20A.

Chorn, J. and Schultze, H P., 1990, The Robinson locality: fauna and depositional environment: 1990 Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Upper Paleozoic of Eastern Kansas Excursion Guidebook, Kansas Geological Survey Open File Report 90 24, edited by Cunningham, C. R., and Maples, C. B., Sponsored by The Museum of Natural History and The Kansas Geological Survey, October 9-10, 1990, p. 17-24.

Chesnut, D. R., jr., Baird, D., Smith, J. H., and Lewis, R. Q., Jr., 1994, Reptile trackway from the Lee Formation (Lower Pennsylvanian) of South-Central Kentucky: Journal of Paleontology, v. 68, n. 1, p. 154-158.

Clos, L. M., 2004, The Permian in North America: Fossil News, Journal of Avocational Paleontology, v. 10, n. 7, p. 4-13.

Campione, N. E., and Reisz, R. R., 2011, Morphology and evolutionary significance of the atlas-axis complex in varanopid synapsids: Acta Palaontologica Polonica, v. 56, n. 4, p. 739-748.

Conrad, J., and Sidor, C., 2001, Re-evaluation of Tetraceratops insignis (Synapsida: Sphenacodontia): Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 21, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of papers, sixty-first annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Museum of the Rockies, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, October 3-6, p. 42a.

Cook, C. W., and Lucas, S. G., 1998, Fossil Vertebrates from the Lower Permian Red Tanks member of the Madera Formation, Lucero Uplift, Central New Mexico; New Mexico Geology, v. 20, n. 2, p. 56.

Cook, C. W., and Lucas, S. G., 1998, Fossil vertebrates from the Lower Permian Red Tanks Member of the Madera Formation, Lucero Uplift, New Mexico: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 18, supplement to n. 3. Abstracts of papers. Fifty-eighth annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Snowbird Ski and Summer Resort, Snowbird, Utah, September 30-October 3, 1998, p. 35a.

Cook, L. A., Flis, C J., Flis, J. E. Bell, T., Bakker, R. T., and Temple, D. P., 2018, Clear Fork diversity cycle: rich large predator-megaherbivore fauna in Mid-Early Permian: In: 78th Annual Meeting, Meeting Program and Abstracts, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 109.

Cope, E. D., 1870, Reptilia of the Triassic formations of the United States: The American Naturalist, v. 4, p. 562-563.

Cope, E. D., 1871, On the Reptilia of the Triassic formations of the Atlantic Region of the United States: Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 4th series, n. 6, p. 498-500.

Cope, E. D., 1875, On the fossil remains of Reptilia and fishes from Illinois: Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 1875, p. 404-411.

Cope, E. D., 1875, Check-list of North American Batrachia and Reptilia: with a systematic list of the; higher groups, and an essay on geographical distribution. Based on the specimens contained in the U. S. National Museum: Bulletin of the United States National Museum, v. 1, p. 1-95.

Cope, E. D., 1875, Synopsis of the Vertebrata whose remains have been preserved in the formations of North Carolina: In. Kerr, W. C. 1875: Report of the Geological Survey of North Carolina, appendix B, p. 29-52.

Cope, E. D., 1877, On Reptilian remains from the Dakota Beds of Colorado: Paleontological Bulletin, n. 26, p. 193-197.

Cope, E. D., 1880, Second Contribution to the History of the Vertebrates of the Permian Formation of Texas: Proceedings of the American Philosphical Society held at Philadelphia for Promoting Useful Knowledge, v. 14, p. 38-58.

Cope, E. D., 1881, Catalogue of Vertebrata of the Permian Formation of the United States.

Cope, E. D., 1881, The Permian Formation of New Mexico: The American Naturalist, v. 15, p. 1020-1021.

Cope, E. D., 1884, The structure of the Columella auris in Clepsydrops leptocephalus: American Naturalist, v. 18, p. 1253-1255.

Cope, E. D., 1886, Systematic catalogue of the species of vertebrata found in the beds of the Permian Epoch in North America with notes and descriptions.

Cope, E. D., 1886, On the intercentrum of the Terrestrial Vertebrata.

Cope, E. D., 1886, The intercentrum in Sphenodon.

Cope, E. D., 1889, Synopsis of the Families of Vertebrata: The American Naturalist, v. 23, n. 274, p. 849-877.

Cope, E. D., 1897, Recent Papers Relating to Paleontology: The American Naturalist, v. 31, p. 314-323.

Craddock, K. W., and Hook, R. W., 1989, An overview of Vertebrate collection in the Permian systems of North-Central Texas. Permo-Carboniferous Vertebrate Paleontology, Lithostratigraphy, and Depositional Environments of North-Central Texas, edited by Hook, R. W., Field Trip Guidebook No. 2, 49th annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Austin, Texas, p. 40-46.

Credner, H., 1888, Die Stegocephalen un d'Saurier aus dem Rothliegnden des Plauen'schen Grudes bei Dresden: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, v. 40, p. 490-558.

Cummins, W. F., 1908, The Localities and Horizons of Permian Vertebrate Fossils in Texas.

Cunningham, C. R., 1993, Hamilton Fossil-Lagerstatte (Upper Pennsylvanian, Greenwood County, Kansas): Internal Stratigraphy and Addition to the Microfossil Assemblage: Transacations of Kansas Academy of Science, v. 96, n. 1-2, p. 131-139.

Cunningham, C. R., and Dickson, E. D., III. 1996, Distributions of Kansas Permo-Carboniferous vertebrate assembalges as a function of wet and dry seasons: Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, v. 99, n. 1-2, p. 16-28.

Currie, P. J., 1977, A new Haptodontine Sphenacodont (Reptilia: Pelycosauria) from the Late Pennsylvanian of North America: Journal of Paleontology, v. 51, n. 5, p. 927-942.

Currie, P. J., 1978, The orthometric linear Unit: Journal of Paleontology, v. 52, n. 5, p. 964-971.

Currie, P. J., 1979, The osteology of Haptondontine Sphenacodonts (Reptilia: Pelycosauria): Paleontographica, (A), v. 163, p.130-168.

D

Dalquest, W. W., and Kocurko, M. J., 1989, Stop 3 Lake Kemp Dam, Waggoner Ranch and Lueders Formations, Wichita Group, Leonardian Series: In: Permo-Carboniferous Vertebrate Paleontology, Lithostratigraphy, and Depositional Environments of North Central Texas, edited by Hook R. W., Guide Book, Field Trip, No. 2. 49th Annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Austin, Texas. 31, October 1 November, p. 58-60.
Das, S. K., Doberenz, A. R., and Wyckoff, R. W. G., 1967, The Lipids in Fossils: Comp. Biochem. Physiol., v. 23, p. 519-525.

DeBraga, M., and Reisz, R. R., 1995, A new Diapsid Reptile from the Uppermost Carboniferous (Stephanian) of Kansas: Paleontology, v. 38, part 1, p. 199-212.

Debraga, M., and Rieppel, O., 1997, Reptile phylogeny and the interrelationships of turtles: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, v. 120, p. 281-354.

Debus, A. A., 2007, Clearing the air: fossils & oxygen’s history: Fossil News; Journal of Avocational Paleontology, v. 13, n. 4, p. 5-9.

DeMar, R., 1970, A primitive Pelycosaur from the Pennsylvanian of Illinois: Journal of Paleontology, v. 44, n. 1, p. 154-163.

Devlin, K. R., Sumida, S. S., Berman, D. S., Henrici, A. C., and Martens, T., 2019, New information on the hindlimb of Dimetrodon teutonis, a pelycosaur-grade sphenodontid synapsid from the Early Permian Bromacker locality of central Germany, and smallest known species of Dimetrodon: In: 79th SVP Annual meeting, Brisbane, Queensland Australia, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 90.

Dilkes, D. W., 1987, A new Genus of Pelycosaurian reptile from the Late Pennsylvanian of Granett, Kansas: Journal of Palaeontology, v. 7, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Forty Seventh Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, October 22 24, 1987, p. 15A.

Dilkes, D. W., 1995, The Rhynchosaur Howesia browni from the Lower Triassic of South Africa: Palaeontology, v. 38, part 3, p. 665-685.

Dilkes, D. W., and Reisz, R. R., 1996, First record of a basal synapsid (‘mammal-like reptile’) in Gondwana: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 1995, p. 1165-1170.

DiMichele, W. A., and Hook, R. W., in collaboration with Beerbower, R., Boy, J. A., Gastaldo, R. A., Hotton III, N., Phillips, T. L., Scheckler, S. E., Shear, W. A., and Sues, H.-D., 1992, Chapter 5, Paleozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems: In: Terrestrial ecosystems through Time, Evolutionary Paleoecology of Terrestrial Plants and Animals, edited by Behrensmeyer, A. K., Damuth, J. D., DiMichele, W. A., Potts, R., Sues, H.-D., and Wing, S. L., Univeristy of Chicago Press, p. 204-325.

Dollo, L., 1884, Les dinosauriens: Rev. Quest, Sci, v. 16, p. 297-300.

Dunne, E., Close, R. A., Benson, R. B. J., and Butler, R. J., 2016, Testing terrestrial tetrapod diversity change across the Carboniferous-Permian Boundary: In: The Palaeontological Association,, 60th annual meeting, 14th-17th December, Universite Claude Bernadrd Lyon 1, Lyon, France, Programme, Abstracts, and AGM papers, p. 71-72.

Dunne, E., Close, R., Brocklehurst, N., Button, D., and Butler, R., 2017, Terrestrial tetraopod diveristy & biogeography across the Carboniferous/Permian boundary: In: SVPCA, the 65th Symposium on Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy, and The 26th Symposium on Palaeontological Preparation and Conservation, Abstract volume, p. 65-66.

Dunne, E. M., Close, R. A., Button, D. J., Brochklehurst, N., Cashmore, D. D., Lloyd, G. T., and Butler, R. J., 2018, Diversity change during the rise of tetrapods and the impact of the Carboniferous rainforst collapse: Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, v. 285: 20172730, 8pp.

E

Eaton, T. H., jr., 1962, Adaptive features of the fore limb in primitive teterapods and mammals: American Zoologist, v. 2, p. 157-160.

Ebel, K., 2000, Biomechanics of the vertebrate column and implications for the lifestyle of dinosaurs and certain pelycosaurs: Freiberger Forschungshefte, V. 490,p. 27-50.

Eberth, D. A., 1985, The skull of Sphenacodon ferocior, and comparisons with other sphenacodontines (Reptilia: Pelycosauria): New Mexico Bureau of Mines & Mineral Resources, Circular 190, p. 4-39.

Eberth, D. A., and Brinkman, D., 1983, Ruthiromia elcobriensis, a new Pelycosaur from El Cobre Canyon, New Mexico: Breviora, n. 474, p. 1-26.

Eberth, D. A., and Berman, D. S., 1993, Stratigraphy, sedimentology and vertebrate paleoecology of Cutler Formation Redbeds (Pennsylvanian-Permian) of North-Central New Mexico: In: Aspects of Mesozoic Geology and Paleontology of the Colorado Plateau. Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin, n. 59, p. 33-48.

Eberth, D. A., Berman, D. S., Sumida, S. S., and Hagen, H., 2000, Lower Permian Terrestrial Paleoenvironments and Vertebrate Paleoecology of the Tabach Basin (Thuringia, Central Germany): The Upland Holy Grail: Palaios, v. 15: 293-313.

Edmund, A. G., 1960, Tooth replacement phenomena in the lower vertebrates: Life Sciences Division Royal Ontario Museum Toronto, Contributions n. 52, p. 1-190.

Efrimov, I. A., 1954, The fauna of terrestrial vertebrates in the Permian copper sandstones of wester Cis-Urals: Transactions de Paleontologisches Institue l’Academie de l’Union des Republiques Sovietiques Socialistes, v. 54, 4160pp.

Enlow, E. H., and Brown, S. O., 1956, A comparative histological study of fossil and recent bone tissues. Part I: Texas Journal of Science, p. 405-443.

Enlow, E. H., and Brown, S. O., 1957, a comparative histological study of fossil and recent bone tissues. Part II: Texas Journal of Science, p. 186-214.

Enlow, E. H., and Brown, S. O., 1958, A comparative histological study of fossil and recent bone tissues. Part III: Texas Journal of Science, p. 187-230.

Estep, J., and Lucas, S. G., 2002, Permian tetrapod biochronology: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 22, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Sixty-second annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, University of Oklahoma, Norman Oklahoma, October 9-12, p. 51a.

Evans, D. C., Maddin, H. C., and Reisz, R. R., 2009, A re-evaluation of sphenacodontid synapsid material from the Lower Permian fissure fills near Richards Spur, Oklahoma: Palaeontology, v. 52, part 1, p. 219-227.

Ezcurra, M. D., Scheyer, T. M., and Butler, R. J., 2014, The origin and early evolution of suaria: reassessing the Permian saurian fossil record and the timing of the crocodile-lizard divergence: Public Library of Science (PLOS), One, v. 9, n. 1, 36 pp.

Ezcurra, M. D., Velozo, P., Meneghel, M., and Pineiro, G., 2015, Early archosauromorph remains from the Permo-Triassic Buena Vista Formation of north-eatern Uruguay: PeerJ., 2:e776:DOI 10.7717/peerj.776, 26pp.

F

Falcon-Lang, H. J., Benton, M. J., and Stimson, M., 2007, Ecology of earliest reptiles inferred from basal Pennsylvanian trackways: Journal of the Geological Society, v. 164, p. 1113-1118.

Falconnet, J., 2009, Ontogenetic trends in early sphenacodont synapsids, and thier bearings on sphenacodont systematicsand interrelationships: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 29, supplement to n. 3, 69th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology and 57th Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy (SPVCA): 93a.

Fastnacht, M., 2004, An interiguing temnospondyl skeleton from the Lower Triassic of Germany: In: Studies in lower vertebrate palaeontology in honor of Jürgen Boy, Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, v. 232, n. 2/3, p. 195-213. 

Falconnet, J., 2015, The sphenacodontid synapsid Neosaurus cynodus, and related material, from the Permo-Carboniferous of France: Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, v. 60, n. 1, p. 169-182.

Farke, A. A., and Gay, R. J., 2018, Keynote Address: Impacts of potential boundary changes on vertebrate paleontology research in Grand Stairase-Esclante and Bears Ears National Monuments: In: Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontolgists Annual Meeting, Program with Abstacts, p. 7-8.

Felice, R., and Angielczyk, K., 2008, Determining locomotor style of Ophiacodon (synapsida) using analysis of axial skeleton morphology: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 28, supplement to no. 3, Program and Abstracts, 68th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Case Western Reserve University, Renaissance Cleveland Hotel, Cleveland, Ohio USA, October 15-18, p. 76a.

Felice, R. N., and Angielczyk, K. D., 2014, Was Ophiacodon (Synapsida, Eupelycosauria) a swimmer? a test using vertebral dimensions: In: Early Evolutionary history of the Synapsida, Part I, "Pelycosaur"-Grade Synapsids, Chapter 3, Kammerer, C. F., Angielczyk, K. D., and Fröbisch, editors, Springer, p. 25-51.

Finsley, C., 1996, A Field Guide to Fossils of Texas, Second Edition: Texas Monthly Fieldguide Series, Gulf Publishing Company, 211pp.

Finsley, C., 1999, A Field Guide to Fossils of Texas, Third Edition: Texas Monthly Fieldguide Series, Gulf Publishing Company: 211pp.

Ford, D. P., and Benson, R. B. J., 2019, The phylogeny of early amniotes and the affinities of Parareptilia and Varanopidae: Nature Ecology & Evolution, v. 4, p. 57-65.

Fox, R. C., 1962, Two New Pelycosaurs from the Early Permian of Oklahoma: University of Kansas Publications, Museum of Natural History, v. 12, n. 6, p. 297-307.

Fox, R. C., 1964, The Adductor Muscles of the Jaw In Some Primitive Reptiles: University of Kansas Publications, Museum of Natural History, v. 12, n. 15, p. 657-680.

Fröbish, J., Schoch, R. R,. Müller, J., Schindle,r T.. and Schweiss, D., 2011, A new basal sphenacodontid synapsid from the Late Carboniferous of the Saar-Nahe basin, Germany: Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, v. 56, n. 1, p. 113-120.

Frazzetta, T. H., 1968, Adaptive problems and possibilities in the temporal fenestration of tetrapod skulls: Journal of Morphology, v. 125, p. 145-158.

Fritisch, A., 1895, Ueber neue Wirbelthiere aus der Permformation Bohmens, nebst einer Uebersicht der aus derselben bekannt gewordenen Arten: Sitzunbsberg. K. bohm. Gesellsch, Wissensch, 1895, band 53, p. 1-17.

G

Gaffney, E. S., and Whitson, J. W., 1989, Changing Views of Evolutionary History: Terra, v. 27, n. 5-6, p. 27-33.

Galton, P. M., and Roberts, D., 1977, Middle ear mechanics of early Tetrapods: North American Paleontological Convention II, Abstracts of Papers. Journal of Paleontology, v. 51, supplement to n. 2, p. 11.

Gand, G., Garric, J., Demathieu, G., and Ellenberger, P., 2000, La palichnofaune de vertebras tetarpodes du Permien Superieur du Bassin de Lodeve (Languedoc-France): Palaeo Vertebrata, v. 29, fasc. 1, p. 1-82.

Gardiner, B. G., 1982, Tetrapod classification: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, v. 74, p. 207-232.

Gaudry, A., 1880, Sur un reptile tres perfectionne trouve dans leterraine perminen: Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des Sciences Paris, v. 91, p. 669-671.

Gaudry, A., 1881, Sur les plus anciens Reptiles trouves en France: Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des Sciences Paris, v. 92, p. 1143-1145.

Gaudry, A., 1886, Sur un nouveau genre de Reptile trouve dans le Permien d'Autun Bulletin de la societie geologiques de France, v. 14, p. 430-433.

Gaudry, A., 1888, Les Vertebres Fossiles, des environs d’Autun: Societe d’Histoire Naturelle d’Autun, p. 1-90.

Gaudry, A., On a highly organized Reptile from the Permian Formation.

Gauthier, J. A., 1994, The Diversification of the Amniotes: In: Major Features of Vertebrate Evolution, Short Courses in Paleontology, n. 7, Convened by Prothero, D. R., and Schoch, R. M., Series Editor Spencer R. S., A Publication of the Paleontological Society, p. 129-159.

Germain, D., and Laurin, M., 2005, Microanatomy of the radius and lifestyle in amniotes: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 25, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of papers, sixty-fifth annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Mesa Southwest Museum and Phoenix Marriott Mesa, Mesa, Arizona, October 19-22, 2005, p. 63a.

Gilmore, G. W., 19 , A mounted skeleton of Dimetrodon gigas in the United States National Museum, with notes on the skeletal anatomy: Proceedings of the United Satates National Museum, v. 56, p. 525-539.

Gilmore, C. W., 1943, Notes on Two newly mounted fossil vertebrate Skeletons in the United States National Museum: American: Journal of Science, v. 241, p. 764-766.

Ginsburg, L., 1967, Sur les affinites des Mesosaures et l’origine des Reptiles euryapsides: Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des Sciences Paris, serie D, p. 244-246.

Ginsburg, L., 1967, Les Problemes de la classification des reptiles: In: Problemes actuels de Paleontologie (Evolution des vertebres), Colloques Internationaux du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, n. 163, p.315-327.

Golubev, V. K., 2000, The faunal assemblages of Permian terrestrial vertebrates from Eastern Europe: Paleontological Journal, v. 34, supplement to n. 2, S211-S224.

Gloubev, V. K., 2005, Permian tetrapod stratigraphy: In: The Nonmarine Permian; edited by Lucas, S. G., and Zeigler, K. E., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 30, p. 95-99.

Golubev, V. K., 2015, Dinocephalian stage in the history of the Permian tetrapod fauna of eastern Europe: Paleontological Journal, v. 49, n. 12, p 1346-1352.

Goodrich, E. S., 1917, On the classification of the reptilia: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, series B, v. 89, p. 261-276.

Gould, S. J., and Littlejohn J., 1973, Factor analysis of caseid pelycosaurs: Journal of Paleontology, v. 47, n. 5, p. 886-891.

Gow, C. E., 1997, A reassessment of Eunotosaurus africanus SEELEY (Amniota: Parareptilia): Palaeontographica africana, v. 34, p. 33-42.

Gow, C. E., and Klerk, B. de, 1998, First record of Eunotosaurus (Amniota: Parareptilia) from the Eastern Cape: Palaeontographica africana, v. 34, p. 27-31.

Gregory, W. K., 1919, The evolution of the human face: The American Museum Journal, v. 19, n. 4-5, p. 421-425.

Gregory, W. K. 1920, Studies in comparative myology and osteology. No. IV. A review of the evolution of the lacrymal in vertebrates with special reference to that of mammals: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 42, p. 95-263.

Gregory, W. K., 1927, The palaeomorphology of the human head: ten structural stages from fish to man, Part 1. The skul in norma lateralis: Quarterly Review of Biology, v. 2, n. 1, p. 267-279.

Gregory, W. K., 1929, The palaeomorphology of the human head: ten structural stages from fish to man, Part II. The skull in norma basalis: Quarterly Review of Biology, v. 4, n. 2, p. 233-247.

Gregory, W. K., 1935, The Pelvis from Fish to Man: A study in Paleomorphology: The American Naturalist, v. 69, p. 193-209.

Gregory, W. K., 1935, The roles of undeviating evolution and transformation in the origin of man: The American Naturalist, v. 69, p. 385-404.

Gregory, W. K., and Camp, C. L., 1918, Studies in comparative myology and osteology. Part III: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 28, p. 447-563.

Gregory, W. K., and Kingsley, N. G., 1923, The origin of the mammalian alisphenoid bone: Journal of Morphology, v. 39, n. 2, p. 435-461.

Gregory, W. K., and Kingsley, N. G., 1923, The origin of the mammalian alisphenoid bone: Journal of Morphology, v. 39, n. 2, p. 435-461.

Grine, F. E., 1997, Dinocephalians are not anomodonts: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 17, n. 1, p. 117-183.

Gubin, Y. M., 1988, The Terrestrial Vertebrate of the Cupriferous Sandstones (the Kargalka Mines, Orenburg): Palaeontological Journal, v. 21, n. 3, p. 119-123.

H

Haack, S, C., 1986, A thermal model of the sailback pelycosaur: Paleobiology, v. 12, n. 4, p. 450-458.

Hamley, T., 1999, Cladistics and amnoite phylogeny: consensus of chaos: Abstracts of the 6th CAVEPS, Pert, 7-11 July 1997 Combined papers from general sessions and Extinctions Symposium, in alphabetical order by first author. In: Papers in Vertebrate paleontology, edited by Baynes A., and Long J. A., Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement n. 57, p. 401.
Hansen, M. C., 1997, Chapter 21, Phylum Chordata-vertebrate fossils: In: Fossils of Ohio, Editor-in-Chief, Feldmann, R. M., Manninging Editor, Heckathorn, M., Ohio Division of Geological Survey, Bulletin 70, p. 288-369.

Haridy, Y., Witzmann, F., Asbach, P., and Reisz, R. R., 2019, Permian metabolic bone disease revealed by microCT: Paget's disease-like pathology in vertebrae of an early amniote:  Public Library of Science (PLOS), One, v. 14, n. 8,  16 pp.

Harris, J. E., and Lucas, S. G., 2001, Early Permian vertebrate fossils from the Red Tanks Formation of the Madera Group, Lucero Uplift, central New Mexico: New Mexico Geology, v. 23, n. 2, p. 63.

Harris, S. K., Lucas, S. G., Berman, D. S., and Henrih, A. C., 2004, Vertebrate fossil assemblage from the Upper Pennsylvanian Red Tank Membr of the Bursum Formation, lucero Uplift, Central New Mexico: In: Carboniferous-Permian transition at Carrizo Arroyo, Central New Mexico, edited by Lucas, S. G., and Zeigler, K. E., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, bulletin, 25, p. 267-283.

Harris, S. K., Lucas, S. G., Berman, D. S., and Henrici, A. C., 2005, Diplocaulus cranial material from the Lower Abo Formation (Wolfcampian) of New Mexico and the stratigaphic distribution of the genus: In: The Nonmarine Permian; edited by Lucas, S. G., and Zeigler, K. E., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 30, p. 101-103.

Harris, S. K., Lucas, S. G., Orchard, M. J,. and Krainer, K., 2003, Sphenacodontine pelycosaurs from the Upper Pennsylvanian (Upper Virgilian) Red Tanks Member of the Bursum Formation: New Mexico Geology, v. 25, n. 2, p. 52.

Harris, S. K., Lucas, S. G., and Spielmann, J. A., 2010, A partial skeleton of Ophiacodon navajovicus (Eupelycosauria: Ophiacodontidae) from the Upper Pennsylvanianof Canon del Cobre, New Mexico: In: Carboniferous-Permian Transition in Canon del Cobre, Northern New Mexico, edited by Lucas, S. G., Schneider, J. W., and Spielmann, New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 49, p. 137-149.

Harris, S. K., Lucas, S. G., and Spielmann, J. A., 2010, Postcranial anatomy of Ophiacodon navajovicus (Eupelycosauria: Ophiacodontidae), from the Upper Pennsylvanian of Canyon del Cobre, New Mexico: In: 70th anniversary meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, p. 101a-102a.

Haubold, H., 1971, Die Tetrapodenfahrten aus dem Permosiles (Stefan und Rotligendes) der Thuringer Waldes: Abh. Ber. Mus. Nat. Gotha, p. 15-41.

Haubold, H., 1972, Panzerbdrucke von Tetrapoden aus de Rotliengenden (Unterperm) des Thuringer Waldes: Geologie, Zeitschrift Für das Gesamtgebiet, Der Geologischen Wissenschaften, v. 21, heft 1, p. 110-115.

Haubold, H., Allen, A., Atkinson, T. P., Buta, R. J., Lacefield, J. A., Minkin, S. C., and Relihan, B. A., 2005, Interpretation of the tetrapod footprints from the Early Pennysylvianian of Alabama: In: Pennsylvanian Footprints in the Black Warrior Basin of Alabama, edited by Buta, R. J., Rindsberg, A. K., and Kopaska-Merkel, D. C., Alabama Paleontological Society Monograph, n. 2, p. 75-111.

Haughton, S. H. 1924, A bibliographic list of Pre-Stormberg Karroo Reptilia, with a table of horizons: Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, v. 7, p. 51-104.

Haughton, S. H., and Brink, A. S., 1954, A Bibliographical List of Reptilia from the Karroo beds of Africa: Palaeontologia Africana, v. 2, p. 1-187.

Haughton, S. H., and Boonstra, L. D., 1920, Pareiasaurian studies. Part VI. The Osteology and mylogy of the locomtor apparatus. A. hind Limbs: Annals of the South African Museum, v. 28, part 3, p. 297-366.

Hawthorn, J., and Reisz, R., 2011, A new small ophiacodontid (Synapsida, Eupelycosauria) form the Late Pennsylvanian of Garnett, Kansas: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Supplement to online Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 71st Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Paris Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, November 2-5, 2011, Program and Abstracts, p. 123.

Hawthorn, J., and Reisz, R., 2012, Testing evolutionary size trends in teh ophiacodontid (Synapsida, Eupelycosauria) skull: In: 72nd Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, supplement to the online journal of paleontology, October, 2012, p. 107-108.

Hawthorn, J., Scott, D., and Reisz, R., 2010, Cranial anatomy of Ophiacodon uniformis: new insights from and exceptionally preserved specimen using computed tomography: In: 70th anniversary meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, p. 103a.

Hengst, R., Rigby, K. J. jr., Landis, G. P., and Sloan, R. L., 1996, Biological consequences of Mesozoic atomospheres: respiratory adaptations and functional range of Apatosaurus: In: Cretaceous-Tertiary Mass Extinctions, biotic and environmental changes, edited by Macleod, N., and Keller, G., W. W. Norton & Company, p. 327-347.

Henning, E,. 1914, Etappen der menschwerdung: Natur und Volk, v. 74, n. 1-2, p. 21-29.

Henrici, A. C., Berman, D. S., Lucas, S. G., Heckert, A. B., Rinehart, L. F., and Zeigler, K. E., 2005, The carpus and tarsus of the Early Permian synapsid Sphenacodon ferox (Eupelycosauria: Sphenacodontidae): In: The Nonmarine Permian; edited by Lucas, S. G., and Zeigler, K. E., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 30, p. 101-103.

Henrici, A., Berman, D., Martens, T., and Sumida, S., 2011, Collection and preparation of vertebrate fossils from the Early Permian Bromacker Quarry locailty, central Germany: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Supplement to online Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 71st Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Paris Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, November 2-5, 2011, Program and Abstracts, p. 124-125.

Hentz, T. F., 1989, Stop 2, Archer City Formation Stratotype Archer City Formation, Bowei Group, Wolfcampian Series. Permo-Carboniferous Vertebrate Paleontology, Lithostratigraphy, and Depositional Environments of North-Central Texas, edited by Hook, R. W., Field Trip Guidebook n. 2, 49th annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Austin, Texas, p. 56-57.

Heuze, Y., Kawaski, K, Schwarz, T., Schoenebeck, J. J., and Richtsmeier, 2016, Development and evolutionary significance of the zygomatic bone: The Anatomical Record, v. 299, p. 1616-1630.

Heyler, D., 1987, Vertebres des bassins stephaniens et autuniens du Massif Central Francias’ paleobiogeographie et paleonenvironnments: Annales de la Societe geologique du Nord, Ille, v. 6, p. 123-130.

Heyler, D., and Poplin, C. M., 1988, The Fossils of Montceau-les-Mines: Scientific American, v. 259, n. 3, p. 104-110.

Hill, R. V., 2005, Integration of morphological data sets for phylogenetic analysis of amniota: the importance of integumentary characters and increased taxonomic sampling: Systematic Biology, v. 54, n. 4, p. 530-547.

Hillenius, W. J., 1994, Turbinates in therapsids: evidence for Late Permian origins of mammalian endothermy: Evolution, v. 48, n. 2, p. 207-229.

Hillenius, W. J., 1996, The septomaxilla, vomeronsal organ and nasolacrimal duck of non-mammalian synapsids-an alternative reconstruction: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 16, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Fifty-sixth Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, October 16-19, p. 41A.

Hillenius, W. J., 2000, Septomaxilla of nonmammalian synapsids: soft-tissue correlates and a new functional interpretation: Journal of Morphology, v. 245, p. 29-50.

Hinz, J. K., and Werneburg, I., 2019, The historical archive of the Palaeontological collection of Tübingen, Germany: Palaeontologia Electronica, 22.2.26A, 94pp.

Holwell, A. B., 1936, Morphogensis of the shoulder architecture Part V. Reptilia: Quarterly Review of Biology, v. 11, n. 2, p. 183-208.

Hook, R. W., 1989, Stratigraphic distribution of tetrapods in the Bowie and Wichita Groups, Permo-Carboniferous of North-Central Texas: Permo-Carboniferous Vertebrate Paleontology, Lithostratigraphy, and Depositional Environments of North-Central Texas, edited by Hook, R. W., Field Trip Guidebook No. 2, 49th annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Austin, Texas, p. 47-53.

Hook, R. W and Baird, D. 1986, The Diamond Coal Mine of Linton, Ohio, and its Pennsylvanian-age vertebrates: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 6, n. 2, p. 174-190.

Hook, R. W., and Baird, D., 1988, An overview of the Upper Carboniferous fossil deposit at Linton, Ohio: Ohio Journal of Science, v. 88, n. 1, p. 55-60.

Hook, R. W., and Hotton, N. III, 1991, A new sphenocodontid pelycosaur (Synapsida) from the Wichita Group, Early Permian of north central Texas: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 11, n. 1, p. 37-44.

Hopson, J. A., 1979, Paleoneurology: In: Biology of the Reptilia, Edited by Gans, C., v. 9, Neurology A, chapter 2, p. 39-146.

Hopson, J. A., The Origin and adaptive radiation of Mammal-Like Reptiles and nontherian Mammals: Annals New York Academy of Sciences, p. 199-216.

Hopson, J. A., 1994, Synapsid Evolution and the Radiation of Non-Eutherian Mammals: In: Major Features of Vertebrate Evolution, Short Courses in Paleontology, n. 7, Convened by Prothero, D. R., and Schoch, R. M., series editor Spencer, R. S., A Publication of the Paleontological Society, p. 190-219.

Hopson, J. A., 1995, Patterns of evolution in the manus and pes of non-mammalian therapsids: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 15, n. 3, p. 615-639.

Hopson, J. A., 2001, 1.3.10, Origin of Mammals, Major Events in the History of Life: In: Palaeobiology II, Edited by Briggs, D. E. G., and Crowther P. R., Blackwell Science, p. 88-95.

Hopson, J. A., 2012, Chapter II: The role of foraging mode in the origin of therapsids: implications for the origin of mammalian endothermy: Fieldiana: Life and Earth Sciences, n. 5, p. 126-148.

Hotton, N. III, 1994, Why Dinosaurs Were Not Mammals and Vice Versa: In: Dino Fest, edited by Rosenberg, G. D., and Wolberg, D. L., The Paleontological Society Special Publication n. 7, 1994, Series Editor series editor Spencer R. S., p. 39-59.

Hotton, N. III, Olson, E. C., and Beerbower, R., 1997, Amniote Origins and the Discovery of Herbivory. Chapter 7: In: Amniote Origins, Completing the Transition to Land, edited by Sumida, S. S., and Martin, K. L. M., Academic Press, p. 207-264.

Howell, A. B., 1936, Morphogensis of the shoulder architecture, Part IV. Reptilia: The Quarterly Review of Biology, v. 11, n. 3, p. 183-203.

Howell, A. B., 1938, Morphogenesis of the architecture of hip and thigh: Journal of Morphology, v. 62, p. 177-218.

Huene, F. von, 1902, Ubersicht uber die Reptilien der Trias: Geologische und Palaeontologiische Abhandlungen, Neue Folge, band 6, (Der Ganzen Reine band 10.), heft 1, p. 3-83.

Huene, F. von, Stammlinien der Reptilien: 229-239.

Huene, F. von, Die Saurier der Karroo, Gondwana und verwandten Ablagerungen in faunistischer, biologischer und phylogenetischer Hinsicht.

Huene, F. von, 1906, Ueber die Dinosaurier der Aussereuropaeischen Trias: Geologische und Palaeontologische Abhandlungen, neue folge, band 8, heft 2, p. 99-156.

Huene, F. von, 1908, Neue und verkannte Pelycosaurier Reste aus Europe: Centralblatt fur Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaontologie, Stuttgart, p. 431-434.

Huene, F. von, 1910, Uber einen echten Rhychephalen aus der Trias von Elgin, Brachyrhindon taylori: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 1910, band 2, p. 29-62.

Huene, F. von, 1912, Der zweite fund des Rhynchocephalen Brachyrhindon in Elgin: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 1912, band 1, p. 51-57.

Huene, von F., 1913, The Skull elements of the Permian Tetrapoda in the American Museum of Natural History, New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 32, p. 315-386.

Huene, F. von, 1925, Ein neuer Pelycosaurier aus der unteren Permformaiton Sachens: Geologische und Palaeontologische Abhandlungen, Jena., v. 18, NF 14, p. 215-264.

Huene, von F., 1924-1926, Gondwana-Reptilien in Sudamerika: Palaeontologia Hungarica, v. 2, p. 1-108.

Huene, F. von, 1944, Die Zweiteilung des Reptilstammes.

Huene, F. von, 1945, Die ungleiche Wertigkelt inder Grupplerung der palaontolgischen Systematik: Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatschefte, abt. B, p. 372-377.

Huene, F. von, 1956, Grundsatzliches zur Stammesgeschichte der Tetrapoden: Paläontologische Zeitschrift, v. 30, p. 26-29.

Huene, F. von, 1956, A short review of the history of pre-Tertiary tetrapods: Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India, Lucknow, v. 1, p.179-180.

Huene, F. von, 1956, Paläontologie und Phylogenie der Niederen Tetrapoden: Veb Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jen, 716pp.

Huene, F. von, 1959, Paläontologie und Phylogenie der Niederen Tetrapoden, Nachträge und erganzüngen: Veb Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jen, 58pp.

Hunt, A. P., and Lucas, S. G., 1998, Vertebrate tracks and the myth of the belly-dragging, tail-dragging tetrapods of the Late Paleozoic: In: Permian Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Robledo Mountains, New Mexico, edited by Lucas, S. G., Estep, J. W., and Hoffer, J. M., New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Sciences, Bulletin n. 12, p. 67-69.

Hunt, A. P., and Lucas, S. G., 2005, Permian fossil vertebrates from the panhandle of Texas, USA: In: The Nonmarine Permian; edited by Lucas, S. G., and Zeigler, K. E., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 30, p. 101-103.

Hunt, A. P., Lucas, S. G., and Spielmann, J. A., 2005a, Early Permian vertebrate coprolites from north-central New Mexico with description of a new ichnogenus: In: The Permian of Central New Mexico, edited by Lucas, S. G., Zeigler, K. E., and Spielmann, J. A., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 31, p. 39-42.

Hurlburt, G. R., 1996, Body mass estimationof Edaphosaurus bonaerges: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 16, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Fifty-sixth Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, October 16-19, p. 43A.

Hurlburt, G. R., 1999, Comparison of body mass estimation techniques, using recent reptiles and the pelycosaur Edaphosaurus boanerges: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 19, n. 2, p. 338-350.

Hutson, J. D., 2015, Quadrupedal dinosaurs did not evolve fully pronated forearms: new evidence from the ulna: Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, v. 60, n. 3, p. 599-610.

Huttenlocker, A., Angielczyk, D., and Lee, A., 2006, Osteohistology of Sphenacodon (Synapsida: Spehancodontidae) and the hidden diversity of growth patterns in baal synapsids: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 26, supplement to n. 3, Sixty-sixth annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, October 18-21, p. 79a-80a.

Huttenlocker, A. K., Berman, D. S., Henrici, A C., Jung, J., Pardo, J. D., Schlotterbeck, T., and Sumida, S. S., 2018, Terrestrial life elevated: new data on Carboniferous-Permian vertebrate biochronology in southeastern Utah adn its global implications: In: 78th Annual Meeting, Meeting Program and Abstracts, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p.153.

Huttenlocker, A. K., Pardo, J. D., and Small, B. J., 2005, An earliest Permian Nonmarine vertebrate assemblage from the Eskridge Formation, Nebraska: In: The Nonmarine Permian; edited by Lucas, S. G., and Zeigler, K. E., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 30, p. 133-143.

Huttenlocker, A. K., Rega, E., and Sumida, S., 2007, New histological investigations of hyperlongate neural spines in eupelycosaurs (Amniota: Synapsida) and the affinities of Lupeosaurus kayi: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 27, supplement to n. 3, 67 annual meeting, The Jackson School of Geosciences, University of Texas, p. 93a.

Huttenlocker, A. K., and Shelton, C. D., 2019, Bone histology of varanopids (Synapsida) from Richards Spur, Oklahoma, sheds light on growth patterns and lifestyle in early terrestrial colonizers: Philosophical Transactions B., v. 375: 20190142, 14pp.

Huxley, T. H., 1869, Triassic Dinosauria: Nature, v. 1, n. 1, p. 23-24.

I

Iordansky, N. N., 1990, Evolution of cranial kinesis in lower tetrapods: Netherlands Jounral of Zology, v. 40, n. 1-2, p. 32-54.

Ivachnenko, M. F., 1990, Elements of the early Permian Tetrapod faunal Assemblages of Eastern Europe: Paleontological Journal, v. 24, n. 2, p. 104-112.

Ivakhnenko, M. F., 2000, The Nikkasauridae—Problematic primitive therapsids from the Late Permian of the Mezen Localities: Paleontological Journal, v. 34, supplement 2, S179-S186.

Ivakhnenko, M. F., 2002, The origin and early divergence of therapsids: Paleontological Journal, v. 36, n. 2, p. 49-57.

Ivakhnenko, M. F., 2003, Angular region of the lower jaw in primitive therapsids: Paleontological Journal, v. 37, n. 3, p. 287-292.

Ivakhnenko, M. F., 2008, Cranial morphology and evolution of Permian Dinomorpha (Eotherapsida) of Eastern Europe: Palaeontological Journal, v. 42, n. 9, p. 859-995.

Ivachnenko, M. F., Golubev, V. K., Gubin, Y. M., Kalandadze, N. N., Novikov, I., Sennikov, A. G., and Rautian, A. S., 1997, Permian and Triassic Tetrapods of Eastern Europe. Moscow: Geos, 216pp.

J

Jaekel, O. Uber die Bedeutung der Wirbelstacheln der Naosauriden.

Jaekel, H. O., 1910, Naosaurus credneri im Rotliegenden von Saschen: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, band, p. 526-535.

Jenkins, I., 1997, Finite element analysis of skull dynamics in Permian synaspid (mammal-like reptiles): In: ICVM 1997, held in Bristol, Journal of Morphology, v. 232, n. 3, p. 271.

Johnson, G. D., 1992, Early Permian vertebrate microfossils from Archer City bonebed 3, Archer County, Texas: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 12, supplement to n. 3, 3 September 1992. Abstracts of papers. Fifty-second Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Ontario, October 28-31, p. 35A-36A.

Johnson, G. D., 2012, Possible origin of the xenacanth sharks Ornthacanthus texensis and Orthacanthus platypternus in the Lower Permian of Texas, USA: Historical Biology, v. 24, n. 4, p. 369-379.

Johnson, G. D., 2013, Xenacanth sharks and other vertebrates from the Geraldine Bonebed, Lower Permian of Texas: In: The Carboniferous-Permian Transition, Edited by Lucas, S. G., DiMichele, W. A., Barrick, J. E., Schneider, J. W. and Spielmann, J. A., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 60, p. 161-167.

K

Kalandadze, N. N., and Rautian, A. S., 1995, Physiological prerequisties for the utilization of plant resources by land vertebrates: Paleontological Journal, v. 29, n. 4, p. 179-185.

Kammerer, C., 2009, Effectsof the Permo-Triassic mass extinction of synapsid disparity over time: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 29, supplement to n. 3, 69th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology and 57th Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy (SPVCA): 124a.

Kemp, T. S., 1980, Origin of the Mammal like reptiles: Nature, v. 283, p. 378-380.

Kemp, T. S., 1985, Synapsid Reptiles and the origin of Higher Taxa: Special Papers in Paleontology, n. 33, p. 175-184.

Kemp, T. S., 1988, Interrelationships of the Synapsida: In: The Phylogeny and Classification of Tetrapods, v. 2: Mammals, The Systematics Association Special v. n. 35B, edited by Benton, M. J., Clarenodon Press, Oxford, p. 1-22.

Kemp, T. S., 2006, The origin and early radiation of the therapsid mammal-like reptiles: a palaeobiological hypotheses: Journal of Evoutionary Biology, v. 19, p. 1231-1247.

King, G., 1996, Reptiles and Herbivory: Chapman and Hall, 160pp.

Kissel, R. A., and Lehman, T. M., 2000, A new Upper Pennsylvanian tetrapod locality from the Ada Fromation of Oklahoma: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 20, supplement to n. 3, abstracts and papers, Sixteth Annual meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Fiesta Americana Reforma Hotel, Mexico City, Mexico, October 25-28, p. 52a.

Kissel, R. A., and Lehman, T. M., 2002, Upper Pennsylvanian tetrapods from the Ada Formation of Seminole County, Oklahoma: Journal of Paleontology, v. 76, n. 3, p. 529-545.

Kissel, R. A., and Reisz, R. R., 2004, Synapsid fauna of the Upper Pennsylvanian Rock Lake Shale near Garnett, Kansas and the diversity pattern of early amniotes: In: Recent advances, in the origin and early radiation of vertebrates, Part 1, Recent advances in early vertebrates, honoring Hans-Peter Schultze, edited by Arratia, G., Wilson, M. V. H., and Cloutier, R., Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, p. 409-428.

Knaus, P. L., van Heteren, A. H., Shelton, C. D., and Sander, P. M., 2015, The role of metabolic rate in the evolutionary size increase of Dimetrodon (Sphenacodontidae): In: European Association of Vertebrate Palaeontologits, XIII Annual Meeting, Opole, Poland, 8-12 July 2015, Abstracts, p. 29.

Knaus, P. L., van Heteren, A. H., Shelton, C. D., and Sander, M., 2015, The evolution of maximum metabolic rate in Dimeterodon (Sphenacodontidae): In: Meeting Program and Abstracts, SVP 75th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 156.

Knaus, P., Shelton, C. D., and Sander, M., 2014, Ontogenetic stages in the long bone histology of Dimetrodon (Lower Permian, Sphenacodontidae): In: Meeting Program and Abstracts, 74th Meeting Berling, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 160.

Krainer, K., Lucas, S. G., Harris, S., Spielmann, J., and Rinehart, L., 2010, Vertebrate paleontology, biostratigraphy and biochronology of the Pennsylvanian-Permian Cutler Group, Canyon del Cobre, Norhtern New Mexico: In: 70th anniversary meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, p. 117a-118a..

Krause, T., 2007, The types of taphofacies in the Lower Permian tetrapod deposit "Bromacker" (Germany): Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 27, supplement to n. 3, 67 annual meeting, The Jackson School of Geosciences, University of Texas, p. 101a.

Krzic, B., translated by Miyake, M., 2001, Enigmatic Spinosaurus: DinoPress, v. 4, p. 70-84.

Kümmell, S., Abdala, F., Sassoon, J., and Abdala, V., 2020, Evolution and identity of synapsid carpal bones: Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, v. 65, published online, 30pp.

Kümmell, S., and Frey, E., 2010, The rolling mode of the acropodium in extinct Synapsida: In: 70th anniversary meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, p. 118a..

Kuhn, O., Ein euartiger Reptilwirbel aus dem Kupferschiefer.

Kuhn, O., 1938, Die phylogenie der wirbeltiere auf paläontologischer grundlage: Verlag von Gustav Fischer, 94pp.

Kuhn, O., 1959, Die phylogenetische Bedeutung des Wirbelbaus der altesten Tetrapoden: Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie, Monatschefte, p. 24-33.

Kuhn, O., 1959, Die Ordnungen der fossilen “Amphhibien” und “Reptilen”: Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie, Monatschefte, 1959, p. 337-347.

Kuhn, O., 1961, Animalia, Reptilia supplementum 1 (2), Pars 99: Fossilium Catalogus I, p. 1-163.

Kuhn, O., 1966, Die Reptilien, System und Stammesgeschichte, Verlag Oeben, Krailling bei Munchen, 154 pp.

Kukn, O., 1970, Die Saurier des deutschen Rothliegenden (Unterperm): Verlag Gebr. Geiselberger, Altotting, p. 1-52.

Kümmell, S. B., and Frey, E., 2012, Digital arcade in the autopodia of Synapsida: standard position of the digits and dorsoventral excursion angle of digial joints in the rays II-V: Palaeobiology, Palaeonenvironments, v. 92, p. 171-196.

Kümmell, S. B., and Frey, E., 2014, Range of movement in Ray I of manus and pes and the prehensility of the autopodia in the Early Permian to Late Cretaceous non-anomodont synapsida: Public Library of Science (PLOS), One, v. 9, n. 12, 65 pp.

L

Lambe, L. M., 1904, The Progress of Vertebrate Palaeontology in Canada: Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, section 4, p. 18-56.

Lambe, L. M., 1911, Presidential Address-The Past Vertebrate Life of Canada: Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, section 4, p. 3-15.

Langston, W. Jr., 1952, The first embolomerous amphibian from New Mexico: Journal of Geology, v. 61, p. 68-71.

Langston, W. Jr., 1963, Fossil vertebrates and the late Palaeozoic Red Beds of Prince Edward Island: National Museum of Natural Science, bulletin v. 187, Geological Series n. 56, p. 1-36.

Langston, W. Jr., 1965, Oedaleops campi (Reptilia: Pelycosauria). A new genus and species from the Early Permian of New Mexico, and the family Eothyrididae: Bulletin of the Texas Memorial Museum, n. 9, p. 5-47.

Langston, W. J. r., and Reisz, R. R., 1981, Aerosaurus wellesi, new species, a varanopseid mammal like reptile (Synapsida: Pelycosauria) from the Early Permian of New Mexico: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 1, n. 1, p. 173-96.

Laurin, M., 1991, The osteology of a Lower Permian eosuchian from Texas and a review of diapsid phylogeny: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, v. 101, p. 59-95.

Laurin, M., 1993, Anatomy and relationships of Haptodus garnettensis, A Pennsylvanian Synapsid from Kansas: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 13, n. 2, p. 200-229.

Laurin, M., 1994, Re-evaluation of Cutleria wilmarthi, an Early Permian Synapsid from Colorado: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 14, n. 1, p. 134-138.

Laurin, M., 1998, New data on the cranial anatomy of Lycaenops (synaspida, gorgononopsidae), and refelections of the possible presence of sterptostyly in gorgonopsians: Journal of Vertebate Paleontology, v. 18, n. 4, p. 765-776.

Laurin, M., 2004, The evolution of body size, Cope's Rule and the origin of amniotes: Systimatic Biology, v. 53, n. 4, p. 594-622.

Laurin, M., and de Buffrenil, v. de, 2016, Microstructural features of the femur in early ophiacodonts: a reappraisal of ancestral habitat use and lifestyle of amniotes: Comptes Rendus Palevol, v. 15, p. 115-127.

Laurin, M., and Reisz, R. R., 1989, Tetraceratops and the Origin of Therapsids: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 9, supplement to n. 3, 29 September 1989, Abstracts of Papers to the Forty-ninth Annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Vertebrate Paleontology Laboratory, The University of Texas, Austin Texas, November 2-4, p. 29A.

Laurin, M., and Reisz, R. R., 1990, Tetraceratops is the oldest known therapsid: Nature, v. 345, p. 249-250.

Laurin, M., and Reisz, R. R., 1996, The osteology and relationships of Tetraceratops insigins, the oldest known therapsid: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 16, n. 1, p. 95-102.

Laurin, M., and Reisz, R. R., 1997, A new perspective on tetrapod phylogeny, Chapter 2: In: Amniote Origins, Completing the Transition to Land, edited by Sumida, S. S., and Martin, K. L. M., Academic Press, p. 9-59.

LeBlanc, A. R. H., and Reisz, R. R., 2014, New postcranial material of the early caseid Casa broilii Williston, 1910 (Synapsida: Caseidae) with a review of the evolution of the sacrum in Paleozoic non-mamalian synapsids:Public Library of Science (PLOS), One, v. 9, n. 12, 20 pp.

LeBlanc, A. R. H., Reisz, R. R., Brink, K. S., and Abdala, F., 2016, Heterochrony and the evolution of mammalian tooth attachment: In: Canadian Society of Vertebrate Palaeontology, University of Toronto, Mississauga, May 18-21, 2016, Abstracts, Program, Schedule of events, p. 50-51.

Lee, M. S. Y., 1994, Eunotosuarus reinterpreted as an aberrant synapsid: In: Second World Congress of Herpetology, Abstracts, p. 150.

Lee, M. S. Y., and Spencer P. S., 1997, Crown-Clades, Key Characters and Taxonomic Stability: When is an Amniote not an Amniote? Chapter 3: In: Amniote Origins, Completing the Transition to Land. Edited by Sumida, S. S., and Martin, K. L. M., Academic Press, p. 61-84.

Leidy, J., 1854, On Bathygnathus borealis, an extinct saurian of the New Red sandstone of Prince Edwards’s Island: Journal of the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Science, 2nd series, v. 2, p. 327-330.

Lewis, G. E., and Vaughn, P. P., 1965, Early Permian vertebrates from the Cutler Formation of the Placerville Area Colorado: Geological Survey Professional Paper 503-C, Contributions to Paleontology, p. C1-C46.

Li, X., and Reisz, R. R., 2019, A paleobiogeographic problem of the Late Paleozoic tetrapods in East Eurasia: Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), v. 93, supplement 2, p. 263-264.

Lingham-Solair, T., 2002, First occurrence of premaxillary caniniform teeth in the varanoidea: presence in the extinct mosasaur Goronyosaurus (squamata: mosasauridae) and its functional and paleoecological implications: Lethaia, v. 35, p. 187-190.

Liu, J., Rubidge, B., and Li., J., 2009, New basal synapsids from China - a key to understanding therapsid origins: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 29, supplement to n. 3, 69th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology and 57th Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy (SPVCA): 135a.

Lombard, R. E., and Bolt, J. R., 1979, Evolution of the tetrapod ear: an analysis and reinterperatation: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, v. 11, p. 19-76.

Lombard, R. E., and Sumida, S. S., 1992, Recent Progress in Understanding Early Tetrapods: American Zoologist, v. 32, p. 609-622.

Lozovsky, V. R., 2005, Olson's gap or Olson's bridge, that is the question: In: The Nonmarine Permian; edited by Lucas, S. G., and Zeigler, K. E., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 30, p. 179-184.

Lucas, S. G., 1998, Toward a tetrapod biochronology of the Permian: In: Permian Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Robledo Mountains, New Mexico. Edited by Lucas, S. G., Estep, J. W., and Hoffer, J. M., New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Sciences, Bulletin n. 12, p. 71-91.

Lucas, S. G., 2004, Late Paleozoic tetrapod biochronology in the western United States: The Geological Society of America, 2004 Abstracts with Programs, v. 36, n. 4, p. 18.

Lucas, S. G., 2004, A golobal hiatus in the Middle Permian tetrapod fossil record: Stratigraphy, v. 1, n. 1, p. 47-64.

Lucas, S. G., 2005, Olson's gap or Olson's bridge, an answer: In: The Nonmarine Permian; edited by Lucas, S. G., and Zeigler, K. E., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 30, p. 185-186.

Lucas, S. G., 2005, Permian tetrapod faunachrons: In: The Nonmarine Permian; edited by Lucas, S. G., and Zeigler, K. E., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 30, p. 197-201.

Lucas, S. G., 2017, Permian tetrapod biochronology, correlation and evolutionary events: In: The Permian Timescale, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, n. 450, 40pp.

Lucas, S. G., Harris, S. K., and Spielmann, J. A., 2010, One hundred and fifty years of geological and paleontological reasearch in Canon del Cobre, northern New Mexico: In: Carboniferous-Permian Transition in Canon del Cobre, Northern New Mexico, edited by Lucas, S. G., Schneider, J. W., and Spielmann, New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 49, p. 7-14.

Lucas, S. G., Harris, S. K., Spielmann, J. A., Berman, D. S., and Henrici, A. C., 2005, Vertebrate biostratigraphy and biochronology of the Pennsylvanian-Permian Cutler Group, El Cobre Canyon, Northenr New Mexico: In: The Permian of Central New Mexico, edited by Lucas, S. G., Zeigler, K. E., and Spielmann, J. A., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 31, p. 128-139.

Lucas, S. G., Harris, S. K., Spielmann, J A., Berman, D. S., Henrici, A. C., Heckert, A. B., Zeigler, K. E., and Rinehart, L. F., 2005, Early Permian vertebrate biostratigraphy at Arroyo del Agua, Rio Arriba County, New Mexico: In: The Permian of Central New Mexico, edited by Lucas, S. G., Zeigler, K. E., and Spielmann, J. A., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 31, p. 163-169.

Lucas, S. G., Harris, S. K., Spielmann, J. A., Rinehart, L. F., Berman, D. S., Henrici, A. C., and Krainer, K., 2010, Vertebrate paleontology, biostratigraphy and biochronology of the Pennsylvanian-Permian Cutler Group, Canon del Cobre, Northern New Mexico: In: Carboniferous-Permian Transition in Canon del Cobre, Northern New Mexico, edited by Lucas, S. G., Schneider, J. W., and Spielmann, New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 49, p. 115-123.

Lucas, S. G., and Heckert, A. B., 2001, Olson’s gap: a global hiatus in the record of Middle Permian tetrapods: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 21, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of papers, sixty-first annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Museum of the Rockies, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, October 3-6, p. 75a.

Lucas, S. G., Krainer, K., Chaney, D. S.,  DiMichele, W. A., Voigt, S., Berman, D. S., and Henrich, A. C., 2013, The Lower Permian Abo Formation in Central New Mexico:  In: The Carboniferous-Permian transition in Central New Mexico, edited by Lucas, S. G., Nelson, W. J., DiMichele, W. A., Spielmann, J. A., Krainer, K., Barrick, J. E., Elrick, S. and Voigt, S., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 59, p. 161-179.

Lucas, S. G, Krainer, K., Spielmann, J. A., Zeigler, K. E., and Hunt, A. P., 2005, The nonmarine Permian of north-central New Mexico: road log from Albuquerque to Santa Fe, Esponola, Abiquiu, Arroyo Del Agua, El Cobre Canyon, Jemez Springs and Jemez Puebelo: In: The Permian of Central New Mexico, edited by Lucas, S. G., Zeigler, K. E., and Spielmann, J. A., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 31, p. 16-25.

Lucas, S. G., Krainer, K., Utting, J., and Knaus, M. J., 2001, Pennsylvanian-Permian Biostratigraphy in El Cobre Canyon, Rio Arriba County, New Mexico: New Mexico Geology, v. 23, n. 2, p. 56.

Lucas, S. G., Schneider, J. W., and Spielmann, J. A., 2010, Carboniferous-Permian transition in Canon del Cobre, Northern New Mexico: an overview: In: Carboniferous-Permian Transition in Canon del Cobre, Northern New Mexico, edited by Lucas, S. G., Schneider, J. W., and Spielmann, New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 49, p. 1-5.

Lucas, S. G., Thorpe, E. D. ,Berman, D. S,. Rinehart, L. F., Santucci, V. L., and Henrici, A. C., 2018, Discovery of a tetrapod body fossil in the Lower Permian Yeso Group, Central New Mexico: In: Fossil Record 6, Volume 2, edited by Lucas, S. G., and Sullivan, R. M., New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin, n. 79, p. 493-497.

Lumsden, A. G. S., and Osborn, J. W., 1977, The evolution of chewing: a dentist’s view of paleontology: Journal of Dentistry, v. 5, n. 4, p. 269-287.

Lydekker, R. 1890, Catalogue of the Fossil Reptilia and Amphibia in the British Museum (Natural History), Part IV. Containing the orders Anomodontia, Ecaudata, Caudata, and Labyrinthodonta, and Supplement, p. 1-295.

M

MacDougall, M., Meer, T., and Reisz, R., 2013, The first look at the relative abundances of taxa from the Richard's Spur locality of Oklahoma, USA: In: Program and Abstracts, 73rd Meeting Los Angeles, CA., Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Supplement to online Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 167.

MacDougall, M. J., and Reisz, R. R., 2014, The unique preservational environment of the richards Spur locality, Oklahoma, USA: In: 24th Annual Canadian Palaeontology Conerence Proceedings no. 12, p. 25-26.

MacDougall, M. J., and Reisz, R. R., 2015, The unique preservational environment of cave deposits at the Richards Spur locality of Oklahoma: In: Meeting Program and Abstracts, SVP 75th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 170.

Macrini, T. E., 2000, The synapsid mandible and auditory region in ontogeny and phylogeny: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 20, supplement to n. 3, abstracts and papers, Sixteth Annual meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Fiesta Americana Reforma Hotel, Mexico City, Mexico, October 25-28, p. 55a.

Madalena, K, Sumida, S., Zeigler, K., and Rega, E., 2007, A new record of the Early Permian pelycosurian-grade synapsid Dimetrodon (Eupelycosauria: Sphenacodontidae) from the Lower Cutler Group (Early Permian) of Jemez Pubelo, North-Central New Mexico: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 27, supplement to n. 3, 67 annual meeting, The Jackson School of Geosciences, University of Texas, p. 110a

Maddin, H., Evans, D., and Reisz, R., 2005, A large varanodontine varanopid (Synapsid: Europelycosauria) from Richard Spur, Oklahoma: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 24, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of Papers, Sixty-fourth Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Adams Mark Hotel, Denver, Colorado, November 3-6, 2004, p. 87a.

Maddin, H. C, Evans, D. C., and Reiz, R. R., 2006, An early Permian varanodontine varanpid (Synapsida: Eupelycosauria) from the Richards Spur locality, Oklahoma: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 26, n. 4, p. 957-966.

Maddin, H. C., Mann, A., and Hebert, B., 2018, A new Permian-like fauna within a single fossilized stump from the Carboniferous of Nova Scotia: In: 6th Annual Meeting Canadian Society of Vertebrate Palaeontology (CSVP), May 14-16, 2018, Ottawa, Ontario, Abstracts, p. 33.

Maddin, H C., Mann, A., and Hebert, B., 2018, A new Permina-like fauna presered within a single fossilized stump form the Carboniferous of Nova Scotia: In: 78th Annual Meeting, Meeting Program and Abstracts, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 173-174.

Maddin, H., and Reisz, R. R., 2003, The morphology and evolution of the terminal phalanges in Paleozoic non-theraspid synapsids: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 23, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of papers, sixty-third annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Science museum of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, October 15-18, p. 74a.

Maddin, H. C., and Reisz, R. R., 2007, The morphology of the terminal phalanges in Permo-Carboniferous synapsids: an evolutionary prespective: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 44, p. 267-274.

Maddin, H., Reisz, R., Evans, D., 2004, A new specimen of Ennatosaurus tecton from the Permian of Russia: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 24, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of Papers, Sixty-fourth Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Adams Mark Hotel, Denver, Colorado, November 3-6, 2004, p. 87a.

Maddin, H., Reisz, R., and Sidor, C., 2006, Tee evolutionary history of Caseidae: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 26, supplement to n. 3, Sixty-sixth annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, October 18-21, p. 93a.

Maddin, H. C, Sidor, C. A., and Reis, R. R., 2008, Cranial anatomy of Ennatosaurus tecton (Synapsida; Caseidae) from the Middle Permian of Russia and the evolutionary relationships of Caseidae: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 28, n. 1, p. 160-180.

Madsen, J. H. Jr., and Miller, W. E., 1979, The Fossil Vertebrates of Utah, An Annotated Bibliography: Brigham Young University Geology Studies, v. 26, part 4, p. 1-141.

Mann, A., and Paterson, R. S., 2019, Cranial osteology and systematics of the enigmatic early 'sail-backed' synapsid Echinerpeton intermedium Reisz, 1972, and a review of the earlieest 'pelycosaurs': Journla of Systematic Palaeontology, published online, 11pp.

Man, A., and Reisz, R. R., 2020, Antiquity of "sail-Backed" neural spine hyper-elongation in mammal forerunners: Frontiers in Eath Science, original research, published online, 5pp.

Marsh, O. C., 1877, Introduction and succession of vertebrate life in America: American Journal of Science, v. 14, n. 83, p. 337-378.

Marsh, O. C., 1878, Introduction and succession of vertebrate life in America: Popular Science Monthly, v. 12, p. 513-527, 672-697.

Marsh, O. C., 1878, Notice of new fossil reptiles: American Journal of Science, 3rd series, v. 15, p. 409-411.

Martens, T., 2001, Permokarbonische tetrapodenfaunen in Pangaea – ein ungleicher erforschungsgrande?: Hallesches Jahrb. Geowiss, B 23, p. 45-68.

Martens, T., Berman, D. S., Henrici, A. C., and Sumida, S. S., 2005, The Bromacker Quarry - the most important locality of Lower Permian terrestrial vertebrate fossils outside of North America: : In: The Nonmarine Permian; edited by Lucas, S. G., and Zeigler, K. E., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 30, p. 214-215.

Martens, T., Berman, D. S., Henrici, A. C., and Sumida, S. S., 2007, The Bromacker Quarry - the most important locality of Lower Permian terrestrial vertebrate fossils outside of North America: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 27, supplement to n. 3, 67 annual meeting, The Jackson School of Geosciences, University of Texas, p. 112a.

Martens, T., Berman, D. S., Henrici, A. C., and Sumida, S. S., 2010, The Bromacker horizon - the most important sequence of strata of Lower Permian terrestiral vertebrate fossils outside of North America: In: 70th anniversary meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, p. 130a.

Martins, T., Berman, D. S., Henirici, A. C., and Sumida, S. S., 2011, Paleogeografical and paleontological characteristics of the Lower Permian Redbeds of North-Central Texas and teh Bromacker Quarry in the Lower Permian Tambach Formation in central Germany: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Supplement to online Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 71st Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Paris Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, November 2-5, 2011, Program and Abstracts, p. 152.

Martins, T., Berman,D. S., Henirici, A. C., and Sumida, S. S., 2014, The Bromacker Locality: the most important paleontological site of Lower Permian terrestrial vertebrate fossils outside of North America: In: Meeting Program and Abstracts, 74th Meeting Berling, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 179.  

Matthew, W. D., 1903, The collection of fossil vertebrates. A guide to the exhibition halls of Vertebrate Palaeontology in the American Museum of Natural History: American Museum Journal, supplement to v. 3, n. 5, p. 32pp.

Matthew, W. D., 1907, The Oldest land reptiles of North America: The American Museum Journal, v. 9, n. 4, p. 91-95.

Maxwell, W. D., 1992, Permian and early Triassic extinction of non-marine Tetrapods: Palaeontology, v. 35, n. 3, p. 571-583.

May, W. J., and Hall, J. D., 2002, Geology and vertebrate fauna of a new site in the Wellington Formation (Lower Permian) of Northern Oklahoma: Oklahoma Geology Notes, v. 62, n. 2, p. 63-66.

May, W. J., and Hall, J. D., 2016, First occurrence of the diplocaulid genus Diploceraspis from the Wellington Formation (Lower Permian) of northern Oklahoma: Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, v. 119, n. 2, p. 193-199.

Mazierski, D., and Reisz, R., 2006, Adult skeletal remains of Ianthasaurus, the oldest known edaphosaur (Synapsida: eupelycosauria) from the Upper Pennsylvanian of Kansas: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 26, supplement to n. 3, Sixty-sixth annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, October 18-21, p. 97a-98a.

Mazierski, D., and Reisz, R., 2009, A new description and phylogenetic reassessment of Ianthasaurus hardestiorum (Synapsida: Eupelycosauria), a basal edaphosaurid from the Upper Pennsylvanian of Kansas: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 29, supplement to n. 3, 69th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology and 57th Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy (SPVCA): 145a.

Mazierski, D,. and Reisz, R., 2010, A new, nearly complete specimen of Petrolacosaurus kansensis (Diapsida: Araeoscelidae) from the earliest known diapsid from the Upper Pennsylvian of Kansas: In: 70th anniversary meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, p. 131a-132a.

McNab, B. K., 1978, The evolution of endothermy in the phylogeny of Mammals: The American Nautralist, v. 112, n. 983, p. 1-210.

Mead, D., and Small, B. S., 1998, New Dimetrodon discoveries from the Vale Formation (Early Permian) of Texas: a preliminary report: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 18, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of papers. Fifty-eighth annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Snowbird Ski and Summer Resort, Snowbird, Utah, September 30-October 3, p. 62a.

Mehl, M. G., 1912, A revision of the amphibia and pisces of Permian of North America, By.Case, E. C.,: Science, v. 26, n. 926, p. 408-409.

Merill, G. P., 1921, The Department of Geology of the U. S. National Museum: Annual Report Smithsonian Institution, 1921, p. 261-302.

Meyer, H., 1845, System der fossilen Saurier: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 1845, p. 278-285.

Meyer, T. E., and Anderson, J. S., 2013, Tarsal fusion and the formation of the astragalus in Hylonomus lyelli, the earliest amniote, and other early tetrapods: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 33, n. 2, p. 488-492.

Milner, A. R., 1994, Biogeography of Palaeozoic Tetrapods: In: Palaeozoic Vertebrate Biostratigraphy and Biogeography. John Hopkins University Press, p. 324-353.

Milner, A. R., 1996, A revision of the Temnospondyl Amphibians from the Upper Carboniferous of Joggins, Nova Scotia: Special Papers in Palaeontology, n. 52, p. 81-103.

Milner, A. R., and Sequeira, S. E. K., 2003a, Revision of the amphibian genus Limnerpeton (Temnospondlyi) from the Upper Carboniferous of the Czech Republic: Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, v. 48, n. 1, p .123-141.

M’Kay, A. W., 1865, The Red Sandstone of Nova Scotia: Report of the Thirty-Fifth Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science; held at Birmingham in September, 1865, p. 66-67.

Modesto, S. P., 1988, A new skeleton of Ianthasaurus hardestii, a primitive Edaphosaur (Reptilia: Pelycosauria) from Garnett, Kansas: Journal of Palaeontology, v. 8, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Forty Seventh Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Tyrrell Museum of Paleontology, Drumheller, Alberta, 13-15, October, p. 22A:

Modesto, S. P., 1994, The Early Permian Synapsid Glaucosaurus from Texas: Palaeontology v. 37, part 1, p. 51-60.

Modesto, S. P., 1995, The skull of the herbivorous Synapsid Edaphosaurus boanerges from the Early Permian of Texas: Paleontology, v. 38, part 1, p. 213-239.

Modesto, S. P., 1999, Colobomycter pholeter from the Lower Permian of Oklahoma: a parareptile, not a protorothyrdid: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 19, n. 3, p. 466-472.

Modesto, S. P., 2019, Rooting about reptile relationships: Nature Ecology & Evolution, v. 4, p. 10-11.

Modesto, S. P., and Anderson, J. S., 2004, The phylogenetic definition of reptilia: Systematic Biology, v. 53, n. 5, p. 815-821.

Modesto, S. P., and Reisz, R. R., 1990, A new skeleton of Ianthasaurus hardestii, a primitive edaphosaur (Synapsida: Pelycosauria) from the Late Pennsylvanian of Kansas: Canadian Journal of Earth Science, v. 27, p. 834-844.

Modesto, S. P., and Reisz, R. R., 1990, Taxonomic status of Edaphosaurus raymondi CASE: Journal of Paleontology, v. 64, n. 6, p. 1049-1051.

Modesto, S. P., and Reisz, R. R., 1992, Restudy of Permo-Carboniferous Synapsid Edaphosaurus novomexicanus WILLISTON and CASE, the oldest known herbivorous amniote: Canadian Journal of Earth Science, v. 29, p. 2563-2662.

Modesto, S. P., and Reisz, R. R., (2002) 2003, An enigmatic new diapsid reptile from the Upper Permian of Eastern Europea: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 22, n. 4, p. 851-855.

Modesto, S. P., Reisz, R. R., and Scott, D., 2011, A neodiapsid reptile from the Lower Permian of Oklahoma: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Supplement to online Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 71st Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Paris Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, November 2-5, 2011, Program and Abstracts, p. 160.
Modesto, S. P., and Rybczynski, N., 2000, The amniote faunas of the Russian Permian: implications for Late Permian terrestrial vertebrate biogeography: In: The Age of Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia, Edited by Benton, M. J., Shishkin, M. A., Unwin, D., and Kurochkin, E. N., Cambridge University press, 17-34.

Modesto, S. P., Sidor, C. A., Rubidge, B. S., and Welman, J., 2001, A second varanopseid skull from the Upper Permian of South Africa: implications for Late Permian ‘pelycosaur’ evolution: Lethaia, v. 34, p. 249-259.

Modesto, S. P., Smith, R. M. H., Campione, N. E., and Reisz, R. R., 2011, The last "pleycosaur": a varanopid synapsid from the Pristerognathus Assemblage Zone, Middle Permian of South Africa: Naturwissenschaften, published on line, 8 pp.

Maho, S., Gee, B. M., and Reisz, R. R., 2019, A new varanopid synapsid from the early Permian of Oklahoma and the evolutionary stasis in this clade: Royal Society Open Science, v. 6: 191297, 16pp.

Mones, A., 1979, Los dientes de los vertebrados: Universidad de la Republica, Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias, Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, n. 22, p. 1-91.

Moodie, R. L., 1918, Paleontological evidences of the antiquity of disease: The Scientific Monthly, v. 7, p. 265-281.

Moodie, R. L., 1921, Osteomyelitis in the Permian: Science, 1921, p. 333.

Moran, W. E., 1952, Article 1, location and stratigraphy of known occurrences of fossil tetrapods in the Late Pennsylvanian and Permian of Pennsylvania, West Virginia and Ohio: Fossil Vertebrates of the Tri-State Area. Annals of the Carnegi Museum, v 53, articles 1 & 2, p. 1-44.

N

Necas, P., Modry, D., and Zavadil, V., 1997, Czech Recent and Fossil Amphibians and Reptiles: Edition Chimaira, p. 94pp.

Nicolas, M., and Rubidge, B. S., 2009, Assessing content and bias in South African Permo-Triassic Karoo tetrapod fossil collections: Palaeontologica Africana, v. 44, p. 13-20.

Nikitan, V. B., 1997, Functional patterns in the forelimbs of early tetrapods: In: ICVM 1997, held in Bristol, Journal of Morphology, v. 232, n. 3, p. 302.

Nopcsa, F., 1923, Die Familien der Reptilien: Fortschritte der Geologie und Paleontologie, v. 2, 210pp.

Nopcsa, F., 1926, Osteologia Reptilium fossilium et recentium: Fossilium Catalogues I, Animalia, part 27, p. 1-390.

Nopcsa, F., 1926, Heredity and Evolution: Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1926, n. 42, p. 633-665.

Nopcsa, F., 1928, Palaeontological notes on Reptiles: Geologica Hungarica, Series Palaeontologica tomus I. fasc. 1, p. 1-75.

Nopcsa, F., 1930, Notes on Stegocephalia and Amphibia: Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1930, p. 979-995.

Nopcsa, F., 1931, Fossilium Catalogus I: Animalia, Osteologia Reptilium fossilum et recentium II: Appencis 1, p. 1-62.

Nopcsa, F., 1934, The influence of geological and climateological factors on the distribution of non-marined fossil reptiles and stegocephalia: Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 90, part 1, p. 76-140.

Noriega, K. C., Rega, E., and Sumida, S., 2002, Indirect evidence of sail presence from healed spnous process fractures in several Dimetrodon specimens: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 22, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Sixty-second annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, University of Oklahoma, Norman Oklahoma, October 9-12, p. 92a.

O

Ochev, V. G., and Surkov, M. V, 2000, The history of excavation of Permo-Triassic vertebrates from Eastern Europe: In: The Age of Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia, Edited by Benton M. J., Shishkin M. A., Unwin D., and Kurochkin E. N., Cambridge University press, 1-16.

Olson, E. C., Catalogue of Localities of Permian and Triassic Terrestrial Vertebrates of the Territories of the U.S.S.R.

Olson, E. C., Vertebrates from the San Angelo Formation, Early Permian of Texas.

Olson, E. C., New Specimens of Permian Vertebrates in Walker Museum.

Olson, E. C., Vertebrates from the Choza Formation, Permian of Texas.

Olson, E. C., 1936, The Dorsal axial musculature of certain primitive Permian Tetrapods: Journal of Morphology, v. 59, n. 2, p. 265-311.

Olson, E. C., 1938, Notes on the brain case of a therocephalian: Journal of Morphology, v. 63, n. 1, p. 75-86.

Olson, E. C., 1938, The occipital, otic, basicranial and pterygoid regions of the gorgonopsia: Journal of Morphology, v. 62, n. 2, p. 141-175.

Olson, E. C., 1946, Fresh and brackish water Vertebrate bearing deposits of the Pennsylvanian of Illinois: The Journal of Geology, v. 5, n. 4, p. 281-305.

Olson, E. C., 1948, A preliminary Report on Vertebrates from the Permian Vale Formation of Texas: Journal of Geology, v. 56, p. 186-198.

Olson, E. C., 1954, Fauna of the Vale and Choza: 7, Pelycosauria: Family Caseidae: Fieldiana, Geology, v. 10, n. 17, p. 193-204.

Olson, E. C., 1954, Fauna of the Vale and Choza: 8, Pelycosauria: Dimetrodon: Fieldiana, Geology, v. 10, n. 18, p. 205-210.

Olson, E. C., 1955, Parallelismin the evolution of the Permian Reptilian faunas of the Old and New Worlds: Fieldiana: Zoology, v. 37, p. 385-401.

Olson, E. C., 1956, Fauna of the Vale and Choza: 13: Diadectes, Xenacanthus, and Specimens of Uncertain Affinities: Fieldiana; Geology, v. 10, n. 27, p. 329-334.

Olson, E. C., 1956, Fauna of the Vale and Choza: 14. Summary, Review, and Integration of the Geology and the Faunas: Fieldiana; Geology, v. 10, n. 32, p. 397-448.

Olson, E. C., 1961, Jaw mechanisms: Rhipidistans, Amphibians, Reptiles: American Zoologist, v. 1, p. 205-215.

Olson, E. C., 1962, Late Permian Terrestrial Vertebrates, U.S.A. and U.S.S.R: Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, N. S., v. 52, p. 2, p. 1-224.

Olson, E. C., 1962, Permian Vertebrates Oklahoma and Texas: Oklahoma Geological Survey, Circular 59, p. 1-68.

Olson, E. C., 1962, Les Problemes de l'origine des reptiles: In: Problemes actuels de Paleontologie (Evolution des vertebres), Colloques Internationaux du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, n. 104, p.157-173.

Olson, E. C., 1965, The San Angelo Formation, Permian of Texas, and its Vertebrates: Journal of Geology, v. 61, n. 5, p. 389-423.

Olson, E. C., 1965, New Permian Vertebrates from the Chickasha Formation in Oklahoma: Oklahoma Geological Survey, c. 70, p. 1-70.

Olson, E. C., 1967, Early Permian Vertebrates: Oklahoma Geological Survey Circular 74, p. 1-110.

Olson, E. C., 1968, The Family Caseidae: Fieldiana; Geology, v. 17, n. 3, p. 225-349.

Olson, E. C., 1970, New and Little Known Genera and Species of Vertebrates from the Early Permian of Oklahoma: Fieldiana: Geology, v. 18, n. 3, p. 359-434.

Olson, E. C., 1975, Permo-Carboniferous Paleoecology and Morphotypic Series: American Zoologist, v. 15, p. 371-389.

Olson, E. C., 1984, Origine et Evolution des communautes biologiques de Vertebres Permo-carboniferes: Annalse de Paleontlogie (Vert-Invert.), v. 70, fasc. 1, p. 41-82.

Olson, E. C., 1985, Permo-Carboniferous Vertebrate Communites: IX-ICC, v. 5, 331-345.

Olson, E. C., 1986, Relationships and ecology of the early therapsids and their predecessors: In: The Ecology and Biology of Mammal like Reptiles, edited by Hotton, N. III, MacLean, P. D., Roth, J. J., and Roth, E. C., Smithsonian Institution Press, p. 47-60.

Olson, E. C., 1989, Problems of Permo-Triassic Terrestrial Vertebrate Extinctions: Historical Biology, v. 2, p. 17-35.

Olson, E. C., and Beerbower, J. R., 1953, The San Angelo Formation, Permian of Texas, and its Vertebrates: The Journal of Geology, v. 61, n. 5, p. 389-423.

Olson, E. C., and Chudinov, P., 1992, Late Permian Terrestrial Vertebrates of the USA and Russia: 1991: International Geology Review, v. 34, n. 12, p. 1143-1160.

Olson, E. C., and Mead, J. G., 1982, The Vale Formation (Early Permian) its vertebrates and paleoecology: Texas Memorial Museum, Bulletin n. 29, p. 1-46.

Osborn, H. F., 1904, A Reclassification of the Reptilia: Science, v. 19, n. 476, p. 256-257.

Osborn, H. F., 1904, Reclassification of the Reptilia: American Naturalist, v. 38, n. 446, p. 93-115.

Osborn, H. F., 1904, Revised list of Cast, Models, Photographs, and restorations of fossil vertebrates: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 20, p. 1-52.

Osborn, H. F., 1907, A mounted skeleton of Naosaurus, a pelycosaur from the Permian of Texas: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History,

Osborn, H. F., 1908, Extinct Mammals, Birds, Reptiles and Fishes. Department of Vertebrate Palaeontology: 39th Annual Report of the American Museum of Natural History, p. 32-34 (for 1907).

Osborn, H. F., 1919, Memorial of Samuel Wendell Williston: Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, v. 30, p. 66-76.

Osborn, J. W., 1973, The Evolution of Dentition’s: American Scientist, v. 61, p. 548-559.

P

Panchen, A. L., and Smithison, T. R., 1987, Character diagnosis, fossils and the origin of tetrapods: Biological Review, v. 62, p. 341-438.

Panko, L. J., 1992, A functional interpretation of the manus and pes in the Early Permian pelycosaur, Cotylorhynchus (Amniota, Synapsida): Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 12, supplement to n. 3, 3 September 1992. Abstracts of Papers, Fifty-second Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Ontario. October 18-31, p. 46A.

Panko, L. J., 1997, The synapsid backbone from Pelycosaurs to Therian Mammals: Patterns of morphology: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 17, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Fifty-seventh Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Field Museum, Chicago, Illinois, October 8-11, p. 68a.

Pardo, J., Huttenlocker, A., Small, B., and Milner, A., 2008, Biotic responses to climate change in the Permo-Carboniferous transition, part I: Vertebrate faunal distribution and regional provincialism: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 28, supplement to no. 3, Program and Abstracts, 68th Annual Meeting , Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Case Western Reserve University, Renaissance Cleveland Hotel, Cleveland, Ohio USA, October 15-18, p. 125a.

Pardo, J. D., Small, B. J., Milner, A. R., and Huttnlocker, A. K., 2019, Carboniferous-Permian climate change constrained early land vertebrate radiations: Nature Ecology & Evolution, published online, 7pp.

Paton, R. L., 1974, Early Permian Pelycosaurs from the English Midlands: Palaeontology, v. 17, part 3, p. 541-552.

Peabody, F. E., 1957, Pennsylvanian reptiles of Garnett, Kansas: Edaphosaurs: Journal of Paleontology, v. 31, n. 5, p. 947-949.

Pearson, M., Benson, R., Upchurch, P., Frobisch, J., and Kammerer, C., 2011, Reconstructing the diversity of the earliest terrestrial herbivorous tetrapods: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Supplement to online Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 71st Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Paris Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, November 2-5, 2011, Program and Abstracts, p. 172.

Perner, T., and Wachtler, M., 2015, Permian, Birth of New World: DoloMythos (Italy) and the Oregon Institut of Geological Research (USA): 208pp.

Pelletier, V., 2009, A postcranial reconstruction of the basal eupelycosaur Aerosaurus wellesi: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 29, supplement to n. 3, 69th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology and 57th Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy (SPVCA): 163a.

Pelleiter, V., 2012, A 1: 1 postcranial reconstruction of the basal eupelycosaur Aerosaurus wellesi: In: 72nd Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, supplement to the online journal of paleontology, October, 2012, p. 156.

Pelletier, V., and Sumida, S., 2008, A postcranial description of the basal eupelycosaur Aerosaurus wellesi: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 28, supplement to no. 3, Program and Abstracts, 68th Annual Meeting , Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Case Western Reserve University, Renaissance Cleveland Hotel, Cleveland, Ohio USA, October 15-18, p. 126a.

Perry, S. F., 1989, Mainstreams in the evolution of vertebrate respiratory structures: Form and Function in Birds, v. 4, p. 1-67.

Peters, D., 2000, Description and interpretation of interphalangeal lines in tetrapods: Ichnos, v. 7, n. 1, p. 11-41.

Phillips, J., 1871, Geology of Oxford and the Valley of the Thames: Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 523pp.

Pineiro, G., Verde, M., Ubilla, M., and Ferigolo, J., 2003, First basal synapsids (“Pelycosaurs”) from the Upper Permian-?Lower Triassic of Uruguay, South America: Journal of Paleontology, v. 77,n . 2, p. 389-392.

Prothero, D. R., 2005, The fossils say yes. The discovery of transitional forms has filled in some of the most talked-about gaps in the fossil record: Natural History, v. 114, n. 9, p. 52-56.

R

Rayner, D. H., 1971, Data on the environment and preservation of Late Palaeozoic Tetrapods: Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, v. 38, part 4, n. 20, p. 437-495.

Rega, E. A., and Noriega, K., 2001, Indirect evidence of sail presence from a healed spinous process fracture in Dimetrodon: NAPC Abstracts, unnumbered.

Rega, E. A., and Noriega, K,. 2001, Indirect evidence of sail presence from a healed spinous process fracture in Dimetrodon: In: North American Paleontological Convention (NAPC) 2001, Program and Abstracts, PaleoBios, v. 21, supplement to n. 2, p. 108.

Rega, E. A., Noriega, K., Sumida, S. S., Huttenlocker, A., Lee, A., and Kennedy, B., 2012, Chapter 9: Healed fractures in the neural spines of an associated skeleton of Dimetrodon: implications for dorsal sail morphology and function: Fieldiana: Life and Earth Sciences, n. 5, p. 104-111.

Rega, E. A., Sumida, S., Noriega, K., Pell, C., and Lee, A., 2005, Evidence-based paleopathology I: ontogenetic and functional implications of dorsal sails in Dimetrodon: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 25, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of papers, sixty-fifth annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Mesa Southwest Museum and Phoenix Marriott Mesa, Mesa, Arizona, October 19-22, 2005, p. 103a-104a.

Rega, E. A., Wideman, N. K., and Brochu, C., 2002, Paleopathology of amniote specimens from the Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic of North America: comparison of gross morphological and histological analyses: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 22, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Sixty-second annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, University of Oklahoma, Norman Oklahoma, October 9-12, p. 98a.

Regnault, S., and Pierce, S., 2019, Validating an Echidna (Mammalia: Monotremata) musculoskeletal model to inform mammalian forelimb evolution: In: SVPCA Conference abstract, unnumbered page.

Reig, O. A., 1970, The Proterosuchia and the early evolution of the archosaurs; an essay about the origin of a major taxon: Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, v. 139, n. 5, p. 229-292.

Reilly, S. M., McBrayer, L. D., and White, T. D., 2001, Prey processing in amniotes: biomechanical and behavioral patterns of food reduction: Comparative Biochemitry and Physiology, part A, v. 128, p. 397-415.

Reisz, R. R., 1972, Pelycosaurian reptiles from the Middle Pennsylvanian of North America: Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard, v. 144, n. 2, p. 27-62.

Reisz, R. R., 1975, Pennsylvanian Pelycosaurs from Linton, Ohio and Nyrany, Czechoslovakia: Journal of Paleontology, v. 49, n. 3, p. 522-527.

Reisz, R. R., 1980, The pelycosauria: a review of phylogenetic relationships: In: The Terrestrial environment and the Origin of Land Vertebrates, Systematics Association Special volume, n. 15, edited by Panchen, A. L., p. 553-591.

Reisz, R. R., 1986, Pelycosauria: Handbuch der Palaoherpetologie, Teil 17 A. 1-102.

Reisz, R. R., 1990, Geology and Paleontology of the Garnett Quarry: 1990 Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Upper Paleozoic of Eastern Kansas Excursion Guidebook, Kansas Geological Survey Open field Report 90, 24, edited by Cunningham, C. R., and Maples, C. G., Sponsored by The Museum of Natural History and The Kansas Geological Survey, October 9 10, 1990, p. 43-48.

Reisz, R. R., 1997, Parareptiles and synaspids from Late Permian sediments (Tatarian) of Mezen River Basin, Northern Russia: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 17, supplement to n. 3. Abstracts of Papers, Fifty-seventh Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Field Museum, Chicago, Illinois, October 8-11, p. 70a.

Reisz, R. R., 2004, Early amniote phylogeny and nomenclature: In: First international phylogenetic nomenclature meeting Paris, Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, July 6-9, 2004, Abstracts, complied and edited by Laurin, M., p. 25.

Reisz, R. R., 2005 (published in 2006), Oromycter, a new caseid from the lower Permian of Okalahoma: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 25, n. 4, p. 905-910.

Reisz, R. R., 2006, Origin of dental occlusion in tetrapods: signal for terrestrial vertebrate evolution: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 26, supplement to n. 3, Sixty-sixth annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, October 18-21, p. 114a.

Reisz, R. R., 2006, Origin of dental occlusion in tetrapods: signal for terrestrial vertebrate evolution? Journal of Experimental Zoology, v. 306B, p. 261-277.

Reisz, R. R., 2007, Terrestrial vertebrate fauna of the Lower Permian cave deposits near Richards Spur Oklahoma with emphasis on dissorophids: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 27, supplement to n. 3, 67 annual meeting, The Jackson School of Geosciences, University of Texas, p. 133a.

Reisz, R. R., 2009, Phylogenetic relationships and patterns of diversification of non-therapsid synapsids: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 29, supplement to n. 3, 69th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology and 57th Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy (SPVCA): 170a.

Reisz, R. R., 2014, "Pelycosaur"-grade synapsids: Introduction: In: Early Evolutionary history of the Synapsida, Part I, "Pelycosaur"-Grade Synapsids,Chapter 1, Kammerer, C. F., Angielczyk, K. D., and Fröbisch, editors, Springer, p. 3-5.

Reisz, R. R., 2018, Varanodon and the evolution of varanoopid synapsids: In: 78th Annual Meeting, Meeting Program and Abstracts, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 202.

Reisz, R. R., 2019, A small caseid synapsid, Arisierpeton simplex gen. et sp. nov., from the early Permian of Oklahoma, with a discussion of synapsid diversity at the classic Richards Spur locality: PeerJ 7:e6615 http://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6615, 20pp.

Reisz, R. R., and Berman, D. S., 1985, Scoliomus puercensis WILLSITON and CASE 1913, identified as a junior synonym of Sphenacodon ferox MARSH (Reptilia, Pelycosauria): Canadian Journal of Earth Science, v. 22, p. 1236-1239.

Reisz, R. R., and Berman, D. S., 1986, Ianthasaurus hardestii n. sp., a primitive edaphosaur (Repilia, Pelycosauria) from the Late Pennsylvanian Rock Lake Shale near Garnett, Kansas: Canadian Journal of Earth Science, v. 23, p. 77-91.

Reisz, R. R., and Berman, D. S., 2001, The skull of Mesenosaurus romeri, a small varanopseid (Synapsida: Eupelycosauria) from the Upper Permian of the Mezen River Basin, Northern Russia: Annals of Carnegie Museum, v. 70, n. 2, p. 113-132.

Reisz, R. R., Berman, D. S., and Scott, D., 1992, The cranial anatomy and relationships of Secodontosaurus, an unusual mammal-like reptile (Synapsida: Sphenacodontidae) from the early Permian of Texas: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, v. 104, p. 127-184.

Reisz, R. R., Bevitt, J., and MacDougall, M., 2019, Complexity of Early Permian terresrial vertebrate community at Richards Spur, Oklahoma is revealed through neutron tomography: In: 79th SVP Annual meeting, Brisbane, Queensland Australia, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 177.

Reisz, R. R., and Dilkes, D. W., 1992, The taxonomic position of Anningia megalops, a small amniote from the Permian of South Africa: Canadian Journal of Earth Science, v. 29, p. 1605-1608.

Reisz, R. R., and Dilkes, D. W., 1995, A small Varanopseid (Synapsid: Eupelycosauria) from the Uppermost Carboniferous (Late Pennsylvanian) of Kansas: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 15, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Fifty-Fifth Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, November 1-4, p. 48a.

Reisz, R. R., and Dilkes, D. W., 2003, Archaeovenator hamiltonensis, a new varanopid (Synapsida: Eupelycosauria) from the Upper Carboniferous of Kansas: In: Studies on the evolution of vertebrates-papers in honour of Robert Lynn Carroll, edited by Sues, H.-D., Murry, A. M., and J. S. Anderson, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 40, p. 667-678.

Reisz, R. R., Dilkes, D. W., and Berman, D. S., 1998, Anatomy and relationships of Elliotsmithia longiceps Broom, a small synapsid (Eupelycosauria: Varanopseidae) from the Late Permian of South Africa: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 18, n. 3, p. 602-611.

Reisz, R. R., and Fröbisch, J., 2014, The oldest caseid synapsid from the Late Pennsylvanian of Kansas, and the evolution of herbivory in terrestrial vertebrates: Public Library of Science (PLOS), One, v. 9, n. 4, 9 pp.

Reisz, R. R., Frobisch, J., Berman, D., and Henrich, A., 2010, New Permo-Carboniferous caseid synapsids from North America and Europe, and thier evolutionary signifance: In: 70th anniversary meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, p. 150a.

Reisz, R. R., Godfrey, S. J., and Scott, D., 2009, Eothyris and Oedaleops: do these Early Permian synapsids from Texas and New Mexico for a clade: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 29, n. 1, p. 39-47.

Reisz, R. R., Heaton, M. J., and Pynn, B. R., 1982, Vertebrate fauna of Late Pennsylvanian rock Lake Shale Near Garnett, Kansas: Pelycosauria: Journal of Paleontology, v. 56, n. 3, p. 741-750.

Reisz, R. R., and Kissel, R., 2002, Synapsid fauna of the Upper Pennsylvanian Rock Lake Shale near Garnett, Kansas, and the diversity patternof earl y amniotes: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 22, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Sixty-second annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, University of Oklahoma, Norman Oklahoma, October 9-12, p. 99a.

Reisz, R. R., and Laurin, M., 2004, A reevaluation of the enigmatic Permian synapsid Watongia and of its stratigraphic significance: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 41, p. 377-386.

Reisz, R. R., Laurin, M,. and Marjanovic, D., 2010, Apsisaurus witteri from the Lower Permian of Teas: yet another small varanopid synapsid, not a diapsid: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 30, n. 5, p. 1628-1631.

Reisz, R. R., Maddin, H. C., Fröbish, J., and Falconnet, J., 2011, A new large caseid (Synapsida, Caseasauria) from the Permian of Rodez (France, including a reappraisal of "Casea" rutena Sigogneau-Russell & Russell, 1974: Geodiversitas, v. 33,n. 3, p. 227-246.

Reisz, R. R., and Modesto, S. P., 2007, Heleosaurus scholtzi from the Permian of South Africa: a varanopid synapsid, not a diapsid reptile: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 27, n. 3, p. 734-739.

Reisz, R. R., and Mueller, J., 2004, Amniote phylogeny and the initial geodispersal of synapsids: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 24, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of Papers, Sixty-fourth Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Adams Mark Hotel, Denver, Colorado, November 3-6, 2004, p. 103a

Reisz, R. R., Scott, D., and Bendegem, J. van, 1992, Atlas-axis complex of Secodontosaurus, a sphenacodontid mammal-like reptile (Eupleycosauria: Synapsida) from the Early Permian of Texas: Canadian Journal of Earth Science, v. 29, p. 596-600.

Reisz, R. R., and Sues, H.-D., 2000, Herbivory in Late Paleozoic and Triassic terrestrial vertebrates: In: Evolution of Herbivory in Terresterial Vertebrates, Perspectives from the fossil record, edited by Sues H.-D., Cambridge University Press, p. 9-41.

Reisz, R. R., and Tsuji, L. A., 2006, An articulated skeleton of Varanops with bite marks: the oldest known evidence of scavenging among terrestrial vertebrates: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 26, n. 4, p. 1021-1023.

Reisz, R. R., Wilson, H., and Scott, D., 1996, Varanopseid Synapsid Skeletal Elements From Richards Spur, a Lower Permian Fissure Fill Near Fort Sill, Oklahoma: Oklahoma Geology Notes, v. 57, p. 160-170.

Retallack, G., and Hunt, R., 2004, Paleoenvironments of Late Devonian Tetrapods from Pennsylvania: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 24, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of Papers, Sixty-fourth Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Adams Mark Hotel, Denver, Colorado, November 3-6, 2004, p. 103a

Richards, E. J, Evans, D. C., and Reisz, R. R., 2015, Community histology in the Lower Permian loclaity Richards Spur, Oklahoma: In: Meeting Program and Abstracts, SVP 75th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 202.

Rinehart, L. F., Lucas, S. G., and Harris, S. K., 2007, Lithology and Taphonomy of an Early Permian Sphenacodon bone-bed in Canon del Cobre, North-Central New Mexico: New Mexico Geology, v. 29, n. 2, p. 63.

Rigney, H. W., 1938, The morphology of the skull of a young Galesaurus planiceps and related forms: Journal of Morphology, v. 63, p. 491-523.

Robinson, P. L., 1971, A problem of faunal replacement on Permo-Triassic continents: Palaeontology, v. 14, part 1, p. 131-153.

Romano, M., Citton, P., Maganuco, S., Sacchi, E., Caratelli, M,. Ronchi, A., and Nicosia, U., 2018, The first sphenacodontid synapsid from the Permian of Italy (Alghero, Sardinia): taphonomy and preliminary results: In: Proceedings of the 20th Biennial Conference of the Palaeontological Society of Southern Africa, Bloemfontein, July 4 – July 6, 2018, p. 29-30.

Romano, M., Citton, P., and Nicosia, U., 2016, Corroborating trackmaker identification through footprinte functional analysis: the case study of Ichniotherium and Dimetropu: Lethia, v. 49, p. 102-116.

Romano, M., and Nicosia, U., 2014, Alierasaurus ronchii, gen. et sp. nov., a caseid from the Permian of Sardina, Italy: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 34, n. 4, p. 900-913.

Romano, M., Ronchi, A., Maganuco, S., and Nicosia, U., 2017, New material of Alierasaurus conchii (Synapsida, Caseidae) from the Permian of Sardinia (Italy), and its phylogenetic affinities: Palaeontologia Electronica, v. 20:2.26A, 27 pp.

Romer, A. S., 1922, The Locomotor apparatus of certain primitive and mammal-like reptiles: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 46, p. 517-606.

Romer, A. S., 1925, An Ophiacodont Reptile from the Permian of Kansas: Journal of Geology, v. 33, p. 173-182.

Romer, A. S., 1927, Notes on the Permo Carboniferous Reptile Dimetrodon: The Journal of Geology, v. 35, n. 8, p. 673-689.

Romer, A. S., 1936, Studies on American Permo Carboniferous Tetrapods: Problems of Paleontology, Publications of Labatory Paleontology, USSR, v. 1, p. 85-93.

Romer, A. S., 1937, New Genera and species of Pelycosaurian Reptiles: Proceedings of the New England Zoological Club, v. 16, p. 89-96.

Romer, A. S., 1941, Notes on the crossopterygian hyomandibular and braincase: Journal of Morphology, v. 69, p. 141-160.

Romer, A. S., 1945, The Late Carboniferous vertebrate fauna of Kounova (BOHEMIA) compared with that of the Texas Redbeds: American Journal of Science, v. 243, p. 417-442.

Romer, A. S., 1946, The early evolution of fishes: The Quarterly Review of Biology, v. 21, n. 1, p. 33-69, reprinted in, 1976, Quarterly Reivew of Biology, v. 50, p. 204-240.

Romer, A. S. 1952, Late Pennsylvanian and Early Permian Vertebrates of the Pittsburgh-west Virginia Region: Annals of the Carnegie Museum, v. 33, p. 47-113.

Romer, A. S., 1956, The early evolution of land vertebrates: Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, v. 100, n. 3, p. 157-167.

Romer, A. S., 1957, The appendicular skeleton of the Permian embolomerous amphibian Archeria: Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, v. 13, n. 5, p. 103-159.

Romer, A. S., 1957, Origin of the amniote egg: The Scientific Monthly, v. 85, p. 57-63.

Romer, A. S., 1960, The vertebrate fauna of the New Mexico Permian: In. New Mexico Geol. Soc. Guidebook, 11th Field Conference, Beauont C., and Read C. B., editors,, Rio Chama County, New Mexico Bur. Mines Mineral Resources Socorro, p. 48-54.

Romer, A. S., 1961, Synapsid evolution and dentition: International Colloquim on The Evolution of lower and non specialized Mammals, Koninklijke Vlaamse Academie Voor Wetenschappen, Letteren en Schone Kunsten van Belgie, p. 9-56.

Romer, A. S., 1964, A Large Ophiacodont Pelyacosaur from the Pennsylvanian of the Pittsburgh Region: Breviora, n. 144, p. 1-7.

Romer, A. S., 1966, Vertebrate Paleontology: The University of Chicago Press, 468pp.

Romer, A. S., 1967, Early Reptilian evolution re-viewed: Evolution, v. 21, p. 821-833.

Romer, A. S., and Price L. I., 1940, Review of the Pelycosauria: Geological Society of America Special Papers n. 28, p. 1-538.

Roscher, M., and Schneider, J. W., 2005, An annotated correlation chart for continental Late Pennsylvanian and Permian basins and the marine scale: In: The Nonmarine Permian; edited by Lucas, S. G., and Zeigler, K. E., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 30, p. 282-291.

Ronchi, A., Sacchi, E,. Romano, M., and Nicosia, U., 2011, A huge caseid pelycosaur from north-western Sardinia and its bearing on European Permian stratigraphy and palaeobiogeography: Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, v. 56, n. 4, p. 723-738.

Rowland, J. M., Lucas, S. G., Kues, B. S., and Estep, J. W., 1997, Principal features of a new vertebrate assemblage of Virgilian age (Late Pennsylvanian) from New Mexico: New Mexico Geology, v. 19, n. 2, p. 55-56.

Ruben, J. A., 1981, Mammal-like reptiles: spreading the word: Paleobiology, v. 7, n. 4, p. 413-417.

Rubidge, B. S., 2005, 27th Du Toit Memorial Lecture, Re-uniting lost continents - Fossil reptiles from the ancient Karoo and thier wanderlust: South African Journal of Geology, v. 108, p. 135-172.

Rubidge, B. S., Johnson, M. R., Kitching, J. W., Smith, R. M. H., Keyser, A. W., and Groenewald, G. H., 1995, An introduction to the biozonation of the Beaufort Group: In: Biostratigraphy of the Beaufort Group (Karoo Supergroup), edited by Rubidge, B. S., Council for Geoscinece, Geological Survey of South Africa, South African Committee for Stratigraphy, Biostratigraphic Series, n. 1, p. 1-2.

Rubidge, B. S., Modesto, S. P., and Govender, R., 2001, Basal therapsid fauna from South Africa--implications for therapsid origins: NAPC Abstracts, unnumbered.

Rubidge, B. S., Modesto, S. P., and Govender, R., 2001, Basal therapsid fauna from South Africa—impliations for therapsid origins: In: North American Paleontological Convention (NAPC) 2001, Program and Abstracts, PaleoBios, v. 21, supplement to n. 2, p. 111.

Rubidge, B. S., and Sidor, C. A., 2001, Evolutionary patterns among Permo-Triassic theraspids: Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, v. 32, p. 449-480.

Rushforth, R. J., and Small, B., 2002, Multivariate statistical analysis of Dimetrodon species using dorsal vertebrae dimensions: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 22, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Sixty-second annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, University of Oklahoma, Norman Oklahoma, October 9-12, p. 101a.

Rushforth, R. J., and Small, B., 2003, Analysis of Wichita Group (Revised) “Series A” Dimetrodon species using beta probability plots and hotelling’s T 2 statistic: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 23, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of papers, sixty-third annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Science museum of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, October 15-18, p. 91a.

Ruta, M., Wagner, P. J., and Coates, M. I., 2006, Evolutionary patterns in early tetrapods. 1. Rapid initial diversification followed by decrease in rates of character change: Proceedings of the Royal Society, series B, v. 273, p. 2107-2111.

S


Sahney, S., and Benton, M., 2006, The first 120 million years of tetrapod expansion: terrestrial community evolution through the Paleozoic: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 26, supplement to n. 3, Sixty-sixth annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, October 18-21, p. 117a.

Salomon, M. I., 1930, Considerations dur l'homologie de l'os lacrymal chez les vertebres superieurs: Acta Zoologica, band 11, p. 151-183.

Sanchez-Villagra, M. R., 2010, Developmental palaeontology in synapsids: the fossil record of ontogeny in mammals and thier closest relatives: Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, v. 277, p. 1139-1147.

Sander, P. M., 1987, Taphonomy of the Early Permian Geraldine Bonebed in Archer County, Texas: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 61, p. 221-236.

Sander, P. M., 1989, Early Permian depositional environments and pond bonebeds in Central Archer County, Texas: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 69, p. 1-21.

Sander, P. M., 1989, Stop 1-Archer city Bonebed 3, Archer city Formation, Bowei Group, Wolfcampnaina Series: Permo-Carboniferous Vertebrate Paleontology, Lithostratigraphy, and Depositional Environments of North-Central Texas, edited by Hook, R. W., Field Trip Guidebook No. 2, 49th annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Austin, Texas, p. 55-56.

Sander, P. M., 1989, Stop 4-Rattlesnake Canyon Area, Nocona Formation, Wichtia Group, Wolfcampnian series: Permo-Carboniferous Vertebrate Paleontology, Lithostratigraphy, and Depositional Environments of North-Central Texas, edited by R. W. Hook. Field Trip Guidebook No. 2, 49th annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Austin, Texas, p. 60-64.

Schad, W., 1999, Patterns of macroevolution in vertebrates and early cormophyts: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 19, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Fifty-ninth annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Palaeontology, Adams Mark Hotel, Denver, Colorado, October 20-23, 1999, p. 72A.

Schaeffer, B., 1941, The morphological and functional evolution of the tarsus in amphibians and reptiles: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 67, p. 398-472.

Schmidt, H, 1963, Herpetichnus erini n. sp., eine Reptilfahrte aus dem westfalischen Oberkarbon: Paläontologische Zeitschrift, v. 37, n. 3-4, p. 179-184.

Schroeder, H., 1907, Datheosaurus macrourus nov. gen. nov. sp. aus dem Rotliegenden von Neurode: Jahrb. kg. preuss. geol. Landesamt, v. 25, p. 282-294.

Schultze, H.-P., and Chorn, J., 1988, The Late Pennsylvanian vertebrate fauna of Hamiliton, Kansas: Regional geology and paleontology of upper Paleozoic Hamiliton Quarry area in southeastern Kansas. Kansas Geological Survey Geuidebook series 6, p. 147-154.

Schultze, H.-P., Hunt, L., Chorn, J., and Neuner, A. M., 1985, Type and figured specimens of fossil vertebrates in the collection of the Univeristy of Kansas Museum of Natural History, Part II. Fossil Amphibians and Reptiles: University of Kansas Museum of Natural History, Miscellaneous Publication, n. 77, p. 1-66.

Schultze, H.-P., Rothschild, B. M., and Pellegrini, R., 2012, Identifying the origins and implicatiosn of bone pathology in fossil reptiles: In: 72nd Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, supplement to the online journal of paleontology, October, 2012, p. 168.

Scott, K. M., 2013, Carboniferous-Permian boundary in the Halgaito Formation, Cutler Group, Valley of the Goods and sourrounding area, southeastern Utah: In: The Carboniferous-Permian transition in Central New Mexico, edited by Lucas, S. G., Nelson, W. J., DiMichele, W. A., Spielmann, J. A., Krainer, K., Barrick, J. E., Elrick, S. and Voigt, S., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 59, p. 398-409. 

Scott, K, and Sumida, S., 2010, Placement of the Permo-Carboniferous boundary in the Halgaito Formation, Cutler Group, southeastern Utah: In: 70th anniversary meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, p. 161a..

Seebacher, F., 2001, A new method to calculate allometric length-mass relationships of dinosaurs: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 21, n. 1, p. 51-60.

Seeley, H. G., 1894, p. Researches on the Structure, Organization, and Classification of the Fossil Reptilia.-Part IX, Section 1. On the Therosuchia.

Shelton, C., 2015, Ophiacodon (basal synapsid) bone histology and the origin of mammalian endothermy: In: Meeting Program and Abstracts, SVP 75th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 212-213.

Shelton, C., and Sander, P. M., 2011, Validating Dimetrodon species from the Briar Creek bone bed (Lower Permian, Archer County, Texas) using bonehistology and morphometrics of femora and humei: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Supplement to online Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 71st Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Paris Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, November 2-5, 2011, Program and Abstracts, p. 193.

Shelton, C. D., Sander. P. M., Stein, K., and Winkelhorst, H., 2013, Long bone histology indicates sympatric species of Dimetrodon (Lower Permian, Sphenacodontidae): Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Endiburgh, v. 103, published on line, 1-20.

Shinya, A,. Reisz, R., and Kisell, R., 2003, The astragalus-calcaneum complex of Mycterosaurus and Varanops (Synapsida: Varanopidae): morphology, locomotion, and phylogeny: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 23, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of papers, sixty-third annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Science museum of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, October 15-18, p. 96a-97a.

Sidor, C. A., 1996, Early synapsid evolution, with special reference to the casesauria: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 16, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Fifty-sixth Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, October 16-19, p. 65A-66A.

Sidor, C.A., 1998, Quantifying the evolutionary history of the Synapsid Lower Jaw: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 18, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of papers. Fifty-eighth annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Snowbird Ski and Summer Resort, Snowbird, Utah, September 30-October 3, p. 77a-78a.

Sidor, C. A., 2001, Simplification as a trend in synapsid cranial evolution: Evolution, v. 55, n. 7, p. 1419-1442.

Sidor, C. A., 2001, Analyzing evolutionary trends in non-mammalian synapsids: scale dependence and stratigraphic vs. phylogenetic perspectives: NAPC Abstracts, unnumbered.

Sidor, C. A., 2001, Williston’s law in non-mammalian synapsids: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 21, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of papers, sixty-first annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Museum of the Rockies, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, October 3-6, p. 101a.

Sidor, C. A., 2003, Evolutionary trends and the origin of the mammalian lower jaw: Paleobiology, v. 29, n. 4, p. 605-640.

Sidor, C. A., and Hopson, J. A., 1995, The taxonomic status of the Upper Permian Eotheriodont Therapsids of the San Angelo Formation (Guadalupian) Texas: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 15, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Fifty-Fifth Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, November 1-4, p. 53a.

Sidor, C. A., and Hopsen, J. A., 1997, Patterns of increasing “Mammalness”: comparing ghost lineage during and measures of morphological change in synapsid evolution: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v.17, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Fifty-seventh Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Field Museum, Chicago, Illinois, October 8-11, p. 76a.

Sigogneau-Russell, D., and Russell, D. E., 1974, Etude du premier Caseide (Reptilia, Pelycosauria) d'Eourpe occidentale: Bulletin Du Museum National D'Historie Naturelle, series 3, n. 230, p. 145-215.

Sigogneau-Russell, D., and Russell, D. E., 1975, Presence de Pelycosaures Caseides dans le Permien Francais: Colloque International C.N.R.S., n. 218, p. 365-370.

Sigogneau-Russell, D., and Tchudinov, P. K., 1972, Reflections on some Russian Eotheriodonts (Reptilia, Synapsida, Therapsida): Palaeovertebrata, v. 5, p. 79-109.

Simpson, G. G., Diagnosis of the Classes Reptilia and Mammalia, p. 388-392.

Simpson, L. C., Comments on the Pelycosaur Edaphosaurus and the validity of the species E. minuta TASCH.

Small, B. J., 1993, A new look at old fossils: the remounting of Dimertrodon and Eryops: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 13, supplement to n. 3, 23 September 1993. Abstracts of Papers, Fifty-third Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Albuquerque, New Mexico, October 13-16, p. 57A.


Small, B. J., and Kirkland, J. I., 1998, Terrestrial vertebrates from near the Pennsylvanian-Permian boundary, Southeast Nebraska: a preliminary report: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 18, supplement to n. 3. Abstracts of papers. Fifty-eighth annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Snowbird Ski and Summer Resort, Snowbird, Utah, September 30-October 3, p. 78a.

Smith, R. H. M., and Keyser, A. W., 1995, Biostratigraphy of the Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone: In: Biostratigraphy of the Beaufort Group (Karoo Supergroup), edited by Rubidge, B. S., Council for Geoscinece, Geological Survey of South Africa, South African Committee for Stratigraphy, Biostratigraphic Series, n. 1, p. 8-12.

Smith, R. H. M., and Keyser, A. W., 1995, Biostratigraphy of the Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone: In: Biostratigraphy of the Beaufort Group (Karoo Supergroup), edited by Rubidge, B. S., Council for Geoscinece, Geological Survey of South Africa, South African Committee for Stratigraphy, Biostratigraphic Series, n. 1, p. 23-28.

Spalding, D. A. E., 1993, Bathygnathus, Canada’s First “Dinosaur”: In: Modern Geology, Special Issue. Beverly Halstead: His Life and Publications Studies of Paleozoic Fishes. Guest Editor Sargent, W. A. S., v. 18, n. 2, p. 247-255.

Spalding, D. A. E., 1995, Bathygnathus, Canada’s First “Dinosaur”: In: Vertebrate Fossils and the Evolution of Scientific Concepts. Writings in Tribute to Beverly Halstead, by Some of His Many Friends, edited by Sarjeant, W. A. S., Gorden and Breach publishers, Part III History of the Study of Fossil Reptiles Studies, Chapter 14, p. 245-251.

Spamer, E. E., Daeschler, E., and Vostreys-Shapiro, L. G., 1995, A study of fossil vertebrates in The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Taxonomic, Systematic, and Historical Perspectives. Amphibia: The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Special Publication 16, p. 107.

Spielmann, J. A., and Lucas, S. G., 2010, Re-evaluation of Ruthiromia elcobriensis (Eupelycosauria: Ophiacodontidae?) from the Lower Permian (Seymouran?) of Canon del Cobre, Northern New Mexico: In: Carboniferous-Permian Transition in Canon del Cobre, Northern New Mexico, edited by Lucas, S. G., Schneider, J. W., and Spielmann, New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 49, p. 151-158.

Spielmann, J. A., Rinehart, L. F., Lucas, S. G., Berman, D. S., and Henrici, A. C., 2010, The species-level taxonomy of Sphenacodon ferox Marsh (Eupelycosauria: Sphenacodontidae) from the Late Pennsylvanian-Early Permian of New Mexico: In : 70th anniversary meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, p. 169a.

Spielmann, J. A., Rinehart, L. F., Lucas, S. G., Berman, D. S., Henrici, A. C., and Harris, S. K., 2010, Redescription of the cranial anatomy of Sphenacodon ferox Marsh (Eupelycosauria: Sphenacodontidae) from the Late Pennsylvanian-Early Permian of New Mexico: In: Carboniferous-Permian Transition in Canon del Cobre, Northern New Mexico, edited by Lucas, S. G., Schneider, J. W., and Spielmann, New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 49, p. 159-184.

Spindler, F., 2014, Revision of "pelycosaur"-grade synapsids and problems with thier phologyeny: In: Meeting Program and Abstracts, 74th Meeting Berling, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 234.

Spindler, F., 2016, Morphological description and taxonomic status of Palaeohatteria and Pantelosaurus (Synapsida: Sphenacodontia): Frieberger Forschungshefte, C 555, psf 23: 57pp.

Spindler, F., 2017, The Niederhäslich tetrapod assemblage (Early Permian, Döhlen Basin)from Germany - new insights to ecology, reptiliomorph diversity, and the biology of Palaeohatteria longicaudata (basal Sphenacodontia): In: Program and Abstracts, 73rd Meeting Los Angeles, CA., Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Supplement to online Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 218.

Spindler, F., 2019, Re-evaluation of an early sphenacodontian synapsid from the Lower Permian of England: Earth and Environmental Science, Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, published online, 11pp.

Spindler, F., 2020, The skull of Tetraceratops insignis (Synapsida, Sphenacodontia): Palaeo Vertebrata, Published online, 11pp.

Spindler, F., Falconnett, J., and Frobisch, J., 2016, Callibrachion and Datheosaurus, two historical and previously misaken basal caseasaurian synapsids from Europe: Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, v. 61, n. 3, p. 597-616.

Spindler, E., Scott, D., and Reisz, R. R., 2014, New information on the cranial and postcranial anatomy of the early synapsid Ianthodon schultzei (Sphenacomorpha: Sphenacodontia, and its evolutionary significance: Fossil Record, v. 18, p. 17-20.

Spindler, F., Schneider, J, and Voigt, S., 2010, Taphonomic analysis of the Skeletal aggregation of Pantelosaurus (Sphenacodontia, Eupelycosauria:  In : 70th anniversary meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, p. 169a.

Spindler, F., Scott, D., and Reisz, R. R., 2015, New information on the cranial and postcranial anatomy of the early synapsid Ianthodon schultzei (Sphenacomorpha: Sphenacodontia), and its evolutionary significance: Fossil Record, v. 18, p. 17-30.

Spindler, F., Werneburg, R., Schneider, J. W., Luthardt, L., Annacker, V., and Rossler, R., 2018, First arboreal 'pelycosaurs' (Synapsida: Varanopidae) from the Early Permian Chemnitz Fossil Lagerstatte, SE Germany, with a review of varanopid phylogeny: PalZ, published online, 51pp.

Steiner, H., 1922, Die Ontogenetische und phylogenetische entwichklung des Vogelflugelskelettes: Acta Zoologica, p. 307-360.

Sternberg, C. W., 1942, The skeleton of an immature pelyocosaur, Dimetrodon cf. grandis, from the Permian of Texas: Journal of Paleontology, v. 16,n. 4, p. 485-486.

Steyer, J. S., Damiani, R., and Jalil, N.-E., 2005, Pangean tetrapod project: nonmarine Permian tetrapods are testing the face of Pangea: In: The Nonmarine Permian; edited by Lucas, S. G., and Zeigler, K. E., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 30, p. 306.

Stokstad, E., 2008, Earliest tree-climbers: Science, v. 322, p. 671.

Stovall, J. W., 1937, Cotylorhynchus romeri, a new genus and species of Pelycosaurian reptile from Oklahoma: American Journal of Science, 5th series, v. 34, p. 308-315.

Stovall, J. W., Price, L. I., and Romer, A. S., 1966, The postcranial skeleton of the Giant Permian Pelycosaur Cotylorhynchus romeri: Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard, v. 135, n. 1, p. 1-30.

Sues, H.-D., and Reisz, R. R., 1998, Origins and early evolution of herbivory in tetrapods: TREE, v. 13, n. 4, p. 141-145.

Sullivan, C., and Reisz, R. R., 1999, First record of Seymouria (Vertebrata: Seymouriamorpha) from Early Permian fissure fills at Richards Spur, Oklahoma: Canadian Journal of Earth Science, v. 36, p. 157-166.

Sullivan, C., and Reisz, R. R., 1999, The age, depositional environment and tetrapod paleofauna of the Lower Permian fissure fills at Richards Spur, Oklahoma: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 19, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Fifty-ninth annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Palaeontology, Adams Mark Hotel, Denver, Colorado, October 20-23, p. 79A.

Sumida, S. S., 1989, New information on the pectoral girdle and vertebral column in Lupeosaurus (Reptilia, Pelycosauria): Canadian Journal of Earth Science, v. 26, p. 1343-1349.

Sumida, S. S., 1989, Reinterpretation of vertebral structure in the Early Permian pelycosaur Varanosaurus acutirostris (Amniota, Synapsida): Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 9, n. 4, p. 451-458.

Sumida, S. S., 1990, Reviews of the atlas axis complex in pelycosaurs: toward a definition of the primitive amniote condition: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 10. supplement to n. 3, 20 September 1990. Abstracts of papers. Fiftieth Annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Museum of Natural History, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, October 11 13, p. 45a.

Sumida, S. S., 1997, Locomotor features of taxa spanning the origin of amniotes. Chapter 11: In: Amniote Origins, Completing the Transition to Land. Edited by Sumida, S. S., and Martin, K. L. M., Academic Press, p. 353-398.

Sumida, S. S., and Berman, D. S., 1993, The Pelycosaurian (Amniota: Synapsida) assemblage from the Late Pennsylvanian Sangre de Cristo Formation of Central Colorado: Annals of Carnegie Museum v. 62, n. 4, p. 293-310.

Sumida, S. S., Berman, D. S., and Henrici, A. C., 2001, Pelycosaurian-grade synapsids from the Lower Permian of Central Germany: the apex of an exclusively terrestrial foodweb: NAPC Abstracts, unnumbered.

Sumida, S. S., Berman, D. S., and Henrici, A. C., 2001, Pelycosaurian-grade synapsids from the Lower Permian of Central Germany: the apex of an exclusively terrestrial foodwed: In: North American Paleontological Convention (NAPC) 2001, Program and Abstracts, PaleoBios, v. 21, supplement to n. 2, p. 122-123.

Sumida, S. S., Berman, D. S., Henrici, A., Kissel, R. A., Eberth, D. A., and Martins, T., 2002, Origin of the modern terrestrial vertebate ecosystem documented by an Early Permian assemblage from Germany: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 22, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Sixty-second annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, University of Oklahoma, Norman Oklahoma, October 9-12, p. 112a-113a.

Sumida, S. S. Berman, D. S., Henrici, A., and Martens, T., 2001, The morphological diversification of taxa near the amphibian to amniote transition: new data from remarkably preserved fossils of the Lower Permian of central Germany: In: 6th International Congress of Vertebrate Morphology—Jena, Germany, July 21-26, Journal of Morphology, v. 248, n. 3, p. 289.

Sumida, S. S., Berman, D. S., Maddin, H. C., Henrici, A. C., Martins, T., and Reisz, R. R., 2019, A new primitiv caseasaurian synapsid from the Early Permian of central Germany and its implications for the evolution of dentition, diets, and herbivory of casids: In: 79th SVP Annual meeting, Brisbane, Queensland Autralia, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 201.

Sumida, S. S., Eberth, D. A., and Berman, D. S., 1999, ‘Dissecting’ a Late Paleozoic vertebrate paleonenvironment identificationof a truly terrestrial ecosystem component: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 19, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Fifty-ninth annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Palaeontology, Adams Mark Hotel, Denver, Colorado, October 20-23, p. 79A.

Sumida, S. S., Eberth, D. A., and Berman, D. B., 2000, Refining the concept of the Late Paleozoic chronofauna: Early Permian vertebrates of the earliest exclusively terresterial ecosystem: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 20, supplement to n. 3, abstracts and papers, Sixteth Annual meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Fiesta Americana Reforma Hotel, Mexico City, Mexico, October 25-28, p. 72a.

Sumida, S. S., Lombard, R. E., Berman, D. S., and Henrici, M. C., 1999, Late Paleozoic Amnoites and their near relatives from Utah and northeastern Arizona, with comments on the Permian-Pennsylvanian boundary in Utah and northern Arizona: In: Vertebrate Paleontology in Utah. Edited by Gillette, D. D., Miscellaneous Publication 99-1, Utah Geological Survey, p. 31-43.

Sumida, S. S., and Modesto, S., 2001, A phylogenetic perspective on locomotory strategies in early amniotes: American Zoologists, v, 41, p. 586-597.

Sumida, S. S., and Pelletier, V., 2010, Partial body reconstruction of the basal pelycosaurian-grade synapsid Oedaleops: In : 70th anniversary meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, p. 172a.

Sumida, S. S., Pelletier, V., and Berman, D. S., 2014, New information on the basal Pelycosaurian-grade Synapsid Oedaleops: In: Early Evolutionary history of the Synapsida, Part I, "Pelycosaur"-Grade Synapsids, Chapter 2, Kammerer, C. F., Angielczyk, K. D., and Fröbisch, editors, Springer, p. 7-23.

Sumida, S., Pelletier, V., Berman, D., and English, L., 2009, New information on the basal pelycoaurian-grade synapsid Oedaleops: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 29, supplement to n. 3, 69th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology and 57th Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy (SPVCA): 188a.

Sumida, S. S., Rega, E., and Noriega, K., 2005, Evidence-based paleopathology II: impact on phylogenetic analysis of the genus Dimeterodon: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 25, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of papers, sixty-fifth annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Mesa Southwest Museum and Phoenix Marriott Mesa, Mesa, Arizona, October 19-22, 2005, p. 120a.

Sundell, C., 1999, Ancient Reptiles of Wyoming: Tate Geological Museum, Casper Collage, Tate ’99 Fossil Reptiles, p. 11-15.

T

Tasch, P., 1963, Paleolimnology, Part 3 Marion and Dickinson counties, Kansas, with additional sections in Harvey and Sedgwick Counties: Stratigraphy and Biota: Journal of Paleontology, v. 37, n. 6, p. 1233-1251.

Tatarinov, L. P., 1972, Paleontology and the phylogenetic laws of Lower Terrestrial Vertebrates: Paleontological Journal, v. 6, n. 3: 389-398.

Tatarinov, L. P., 2009, Probable diphyletic formation of the mammalian middle ear: monotremata and theria: Paleontological Journal, v. 43, n. 12, p. 1578-1599.

Tatarinov, L. P., and Eremina, I. V., 1975, New Data on the Morphology of Ennatosaurus (Pelycosauria, Caseomorpha) from the Lower Tatarina Deposits on the Pinega River: Paleontological Journal, v. 9, n. 4, p. 510-514.

Tesakova, E., 2006, Paleontological Museum of Y. A. Orlova: PaleoMir, v. 1, n. 1, p. 30-43.

Thevenien, A., 1909, Les Stades d'evolution des plus anciens quadrupedstouves ein France: Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des Sciences Paris, v. CXLIX, p. 1222-1227.

Thevenin, A., 1910, Les plus ancines quadrupeds de France: Annales de Paleontologie, v. 5, p. 91-154.

Thomason, J. J., and Russell A. P., 1986, Mechanical factors in the evolution of the mammalian secondary palate: a theoretical analysis: Journal of Morphology, v. 189, p. 199-213.

Thorpe, E. D., Lucas, S. G., Berman, D. S., Rinehart, L. F., Santucci, V., and Henrici, A. C., 2018, First discovery of a tetrapod body fossil in the Lower Permian Yeso Group, Central New Mexico: In: New Mexico Geolgoical Society spring meeting abstracts, New Mexico Geology, p. 83.

Tiffney, B. H., 2004, Vertebrate dispersal of seed plants through time: Annual Review of Ecological Evolutionary Systematics, v. 35, p. 1-29.

Tilton, J. L., Plate and Animal Remains in the Rocks at Oglebay Park, West Virginia: Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Science.

Tilton, J. L., 1926, Permian Vertebrates from West Virginia: Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, v. 37, p. 385-396.

Tilton, J. L., 1931, Permian vertebrate tracks in West Virgina: Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, v. 41, p. 547-556.

Tornier, G., 1913, Reptilia (Palaontoogie), Handworterb Naturwiss, v. 8, p. 337-376.

Towers, M., 2017, Evolution of anterio-posterior patterning of the limb: insights from the chick: Genesis, publisehd online, e23047, 15pp.

Tsuji, L., and Reisz, R.., 2003, An articulated skeleton of Varanops (Synapsida; Varanpidae) with evidence of Scavenging: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 23, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of papers, sixty-third annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Science museum of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, October 15-18, p. 108a.

Tsuji, L., and Reisz, R., 2004, New specimens of Macroleter poezicus and implications for parareptilian phylogeny: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 24, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of Papers, Sixty-fourth Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Adams Mark Hotel, Denver, Colorado, November 3-6, 2004, p. 123a.

Tracy, C. R., Turner, J. S., and Huey, R. B., 1986, A biophyscial analysis of possible thermoregulatroy adaptations in sail pelycosaurs: In: The Ecology and Biology of Mammal like Reptiles, edited by Hotton, N. III, MacLean, P. D., Roth, J. J., and Roth, C., Smithsonian Institution Press, p. 195-206.

Tumarkin-Deratzian, A., 2003, Bone surface textures as ontogenetic indicators in extant and fossil archosaurs: macroscopic and histological evaluations: A dissertation in Earth and Environmental Science, presented to the Faculties of the University of Pennsylvania in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, 333pp.

U

Underwood, G., 1970, Chapter 1, The Eye: In: Biology of the Reptilia, Edited by Gans, C., v. 2, Morphology B, p. 1-97.

Urban, P., Haridy, Y., and Reisz, R. R., 2017, Examples of pathologies in terrestrial vertebrates from the Early Permian of Richards Spur locality, Oklahoma, USA: In: CSVP 2017 5th Annual Meeting, Vertebrate Anatomy Morphology Palaeontology, p. 48.

V

Van Allen, H. E. K., and Calder, J. H., 2003, Brule: the earliest record of gregarious tetrapod behaviour in the world’s only known Walchian Conifer fossil forest: Geological Society of America, Northeastern Section, 38th annual meeting, v. 35, n. 3, p. 25.

Vargas, A. O., Kohlsdorf, T., Fallon, J. F., Vandenbrooks, J., and Wagner, G. P., 2008, The evolution of HoxD-11 expression in the bird wing: insights from Alligator mississippiensis: PLos One, v. 3, issue 10, p. 1-7.

Vaughn, P. P., 1958, On a new pelycosaur from the Early Permian of Oklahoma, and on the Origin of the Family Caseidae: Journal of Paleontology, v. 32, n. 5, p. 981-991.

Vaughn, P. P., 1958, A pelycosaur with subsphenoidal teeth from the Early Permian of Oklahoma: Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, v. 48, n. 2, p. 44-47.

Vaughn, P. P., 1964, Vertebrates from the Organ Rock Shale of the Cutler Group, Permian of Monument Valley and vicinity, Utah and Arizona: Journal of Paleontology, v. 38, n. 3, p. 567-583.

Vaughn, P. P., 1965, Frog-Like vertebrate from the Early Permian of southeastern Utah: Los Angeles County Museum, Contributions in Science, v. 87, p. 1-18.

Vaughn, P. P., 1966, Comparison of the Early Permian Vertebrate Faunas of the Four Corners Region and North-Central Texas: Los Angeles County Museum, Contributions in Science, v. 103, p. 1-13.

Vaughn, P. P., 1969, Late Pennsylvanian Vertebrates from the Sangre de Cristo formation of Central Colorado: Los Angeles County Museum, Contributions in Science, n. 164, p. 1-28.

Vaughn, P. P., 1969, Early Permian Vertebrates from Southern New Mexico and their Paleozoogeographic significance: Los Angeles County Museum, Contributions in Science, n. 166, p. 1-22.

Vaughn, P. P., 1969, Early Permian Vertebrate of the Four Corners and the Mid-continent as Indices of Climatic Differences: Proceedings of the North American Paleontological Convention, p. 388-408.

Vaughn, P. P., 1969, Early Permian vertebrate faunas of the Four Corners and the Midcontinent as an index of relative climate differences: Abstracts to papers to be presented at the North American Paleontological Convention, September 5, 6, & 7, 1969. Journal of Paleontology, v, 43, n. 3, p. 900.

Vaughn, P. P., 1972. More Vertebrates, including a New Microsaur, From the Late Pennsylvanian of Central Colorado: Los Angeles County Museum, Contributions in Science, n. 223, p. 1-30.

Voigt, S., Fischer, J., Schindler, T., Wuttke, M., Spindler, F., and Schneider, J., 2014, On a potential fossil hotspot for Pennsylvanian-Permian non-aquatic vertebrates in Europe: In: Meeting Program and Abstracts, 74th Meeting Berlin, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 249.

W

Wagner, P. J., Ruta, M., and Coates, M. I., 2006, Evolutionary patterns in early tetrapods. II. differing constraints on available character space among clades: Proceedings of the Royal Society, series B, v. 372, p. 2113-2118.

Warren, A. A., and Ptasznik, R., 2002, The earliest fractured tetrapod bone: Alcheringa, v. 26, p. 459-463.

Watson, D. M. S., 1916, Reconstruction’s of the Skulls of Three Pelycosaurs in the American Museum of Natural History.

Watson, D. M. S., 1937-38, On Rhamphodopsis, a ptyctodont from the Middle Old Red Sandstone of Scotland: Transcations of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, v. 59, part 2, p. 397-410.

Watson, D. M. S., On some Reptilian Lower Jaws.

Werneburg, I., 2013, The tendinous framework in the temporal skull region of turtles and considerations about its morphological implications in amniotes: a review: Zoological Science, v. 30, p. 141-153.

Werneburg, I., 2019, Morphofunctional categories and ontogenetic origin of temporal skull openings in Amniotes: Frontiers in Earth Sciences, v. 7, articls 13, 7pp.

Westphal, F., 1988, Die Säugerähnlichen Reptilien, im Geologischen Institut der Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen: Ausstellungskataloge der Universität Tübingen, n. 21, 1-31.

Westoll, T. S., 1943, The hyomandibular of Eusthenopteron and the tetrapod middle ear: Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, v. 121, p. 393-414.

Whipple, R. W., and Case, E. C, 1930, Discovery of Permo-Carboniferous vertebrates in the Dunkard Formation of West Virginia: Discovery of Permo Carboniferous vertebrates in Dunkard formation of West Virginia: Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, v. 20, n. 15, p. 370-372.

Widerman, N., and Sumida, S., 2004, Taxonomic status of the tetrapod Limnostygis relictus and its bearing on the temporal distribution of basal amnoites: In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 24, supplement to n. 3, abstracts of Papers, Sixty-fourth Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Adams Mark Hotel, Denver, Colorado, November 3-6, 2004, p. 129a.

Williams, S., Henderson, M., May, W., and Reisz, R., 2007, Fossil preparation techniques for small Permian tetrapods from Richard's Spur, Oklahoma: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 27, supplement to n. 3, 67 annual meeting, The Jackson School of Geosciences, University of Texas, p. 166a.

Williston, S. W., The Osteology of Some American Permian Vertebrates: Contributions from Walker Museum, v. 1, n. 8, p. 107-162.

Williston, S. W., The Osteology of Some American Permian Vertebrates II: Contributions from Walker Museum, v. 1, n. 9, p. 163-192.

Williston, S. W., Synopsis of the American Permo-Carboniferous Tetrapoda: Contributions from Walker Museum, v. 1, n. 9, p. 193-236.

Williston, S. W., Labidosaurus Cope, A Early Permian Cotylosaur Reptile from Texas: Contributions from Walker Museum, v. 2, n. 2, p. 45-57.

Williston, S. W., The Phylogeny and Classification of Reptiles: Contributions from Walker Museum, v. 2, n. 3, p. 61-71.

Williston, S. W., The Evolution of Vertebrates: Contributions form Walker Museum, v. 2, n. 4, p. 75-85.

Williston, S. W., The Osteology of Some American Permian Vertebrates, III: Contributions from Walker Museum, v. 2, n. 4, p. 86-112.

Williston, S. W., 1904, The temporal arches of the reptilia: Biological Bulletin, v. 7, n. 4, p. 175-192.

Williston, S. W., 1910, New Permian Reptilies: Rhachitomous vertebrae: The Journal of Geology, v. 18, p. 590-599.

Williston, S. W., 1913, The primitive structure of the mandible in amphibians and reptiles: The Journal of Geology, v. 21, n. 7, p. 625-627.

Williston, S. W., 1913, The Skulls of Araeoscelis and Casea, Permian Reptiles: The Journal of Geology, v. 21, p. 743-747.

Williston, S. W., 1914, Restorations of some American Permocarboniferous Amphibians and Reptiles, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 32, p. 637-648.

Williston, S. W., 1915, New genera of Permian Reptiles: American Journal of Science, 4th series, v. 39, p. 575-579.

Williston, S. W., 1915, A new Genus and species of American Theromorpha, Mycterosaurus longiceps: The Journal of Geology, v. 23, p. 554-559.

Williston, S. W., 1917, The Phylogeny and Classification of Reptiles: Journal of Geology, v. 25, p. 411-425.

Williston, S. W., 1925, The Osteology of the Reptiles, edited by Gregory, W. K., Cambridge Harvard university Press, Wilson, 300pp.

Williston, S. W., Pelycosauria of North America.

Williston, S. W., and Case, E. C., 1912, The Permo-Carboniferous of Northern New Mexico: The Journal of Geology, v. 20, p. 1-12.

Williston, W. W., and Case, E. C., 1913, Permo Carboniferous Vertebrates from New Mexico: Publications, Carnegie Institution of Washington, v. 181, p. 1-81.

Wilson, H. M., 1987, A new and primitive ophicodontid pelycosaur from the Late Pennsylvanian at Garnett, Kansas: Journal of Palaeontology, v. 7, supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, Forty Seventh Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, October 22-24, p. 29A.

Wilson, H. M., 1989, Description, Reconstruction, and relationships of an Late Pennsylvanian Ophiacodontid Pelycosaur from Garnett, Kansas: Forty Ninth Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, The University of Texas, Austin, Texas, November 24, 1989, Journal of Palaeontology, v. 9, Supplement to n. 3, Abstracts of Papers, p. 45A.

Wilson, W. M., Angielczyk, K. D., Peecock, B., and Lloyd, G. T., 2018, Pelycosuarian "lneages": a mea-analysis of three decades of phylogenetic reserach: In: 78th Annual Meeting, Meeting Program and Abstracts, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, p. 242.

Witmer, L. M., 1995, Homology of facial structures in extant archosaurs (birds and crocodilians), with special reference to paranasal pneumaticity and nasal conchae: Journal of Morphology, v. 225, p. 269-327.

Wong Ken, N., Reisz, R., and May, W., 2010, A new varanopid synapsid from the Lower Permian of Oklahoma, with evidence of hypercarnivory: In: 70th anniversary meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, p. 189a.

Z

Zajfic, J., and Stamberg, S., 2004, Selected important fossiliferou horizons of the Boskovice Basin in the light of new zoopalaeontological cata: Acta Musei Reginahradeciensis S. A., v. 30, p. 5-14.

Zeigler, K. E., Lucas, S. G., Heckert, A. B., Henrici, A. C., and Berman, D. S., 2003, A time-averaged tetrapod bonebed: taphonomy of the Early Permian Cardillo Quarry, Chama Basin, north-central New Mexico: New Mexico Geology, v. 25, n. 2, p. 52.

Zhang, M., Zong, Y., and Ma, J., 1998, Reptilia Volume 1, General accounts of reptilia, testudoformes and crocodiliformes: Fauna Sinica, v. 1, 123pp.

Zidek, J., Johnson, G. D., May, W., and Claborn, A., 2004, New specimens of Xenacanth and Hybodont sharks (Elasmobranchii: Xenacanthida and Hybodontoidea) from the Lower Permian of southwestern Oklahoma: Oklahoma Geology, v. 63, n. 4, p. 136-147.

Zimmer, C., 1991, Meet the Relatives: Discover, v. 12, n. 1, p. 56-57.