Genus: Neuquenornis CHIAPPE & CALVO, 1994
Etymology: “Neuquen” refers to the place at which the holotype was found, Greek, ornis, "bird."

Species: volans CHIAPPE & CALVO, 1994
Etymology: Greek, volans, "flying": in reference to the flying capability inferred for the new species.

Holotype: MUCPv-142

Locality: Area of the Universidad Nacional del Comahue, city of Neuquen, Neuquen Province Northwestern Patagonia, Argentina.

Horizon: Bajo de la Carpa Formation, Lower Rio Colorado Subgroup, Upper Neuquen Group.
(was Bajo de la Carpa Member, Rio Colorado Formation.)


Age: Coloradoan Tetrapoda Assemblage, Age: Santonian-Campanian Stage, Senonian Subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Posterior portion of the skull, incomplete humeri, ulnae, and radii, most of the right carpometacarpus, the cranial portion of the sternum, furcula, incomplete coracoids and the left scapula, 5 fragmentary thoracic vertebrae, incomplete femora, tibiotarsi and tarsometatarsi, several pedal phalanges and indeterminate fragments.