Genus: Pengornis ZHOU, CLARKE & ZHANG, 2008
Etymology: Peng, refers to a Chinese mythological bird, and Greek, ornis, "bird."

Species: houi ZHOU, CLARKE & ZHANG, 2008
Etymology: In honor of Lianhai Hou, a pioneering palaeo-ornithologist.

Holotype: IVPP V15336

Locality: Dapingfang, Chaoyang City, Western Liaoning Province, China.

Horizon: Horizon IV, Jiufotang Formation, Upper Jehol Group.

Biostratigraphy: Pistacosaurus fauna, Cathayornis-Chaoyanga Avifauna.

Age: Barremian Stage, Lower Gallic Subepoch, Lower Early Cretaceous Epoch, Early Cretaceous.

Material: Skull and nearly complete skeleton.