Genus: Ichthyosaurus non De la DECHENE & CONYBEARE, 1821

Species: coniformis HARLAN, 1824 (nomen nudum)
Etymology:

Holotype: ANSP (Missing)

Locality: Bath or Bristol, Gloucestershire County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Jurassic.

Material: Jaw fragment with 6 teeth.
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Species: latifrons KONIG, 1825 (nomen dubium)
Etymology: Latin, lati, "broad, wide" and Latin, frons, "brow, forehead."
= Leptopterygius latifrons (KOING, 1825) HUENE, 1922 (nomen dubium)

Holotype: BMNH R1122

Locality: Barrow-on-soar, Leicestershire County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material: Incomplete skull and partial vertebral column.

Referred material:

DELAIR, 1960

Locality: Lyme Regis coast, Pinhay Bay- Charmouth, (SY 3291-SY 3794), Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Hettangian-Pliensbachian Stage, Lower Lias Epoch, Early Early Jurassic.

Material:

BMNH R322: Right humerus.

BMNH 32395: Right femur.

 

Near Ichthyosaurus latifrons WHITEAR, 1956

Locality: Lyme Regis coast, Pinhay Bay- Charmouth, (SY 3291-SY 3794), Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon: Semicostatus beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

BMNH R 509: Hinder part of the skull and the anterior part of the body, with skin and color impressions.

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Species: kurskensis EICHWALD, 1853 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Kursk area, European Russia.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Neocomian Subepoch, Lower Early Cretaceous Epoch, Early Cretaceous.

Material: Teeth and vertebrae.
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Species: hexagonus THEODORI, 1854 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Banz, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material: Part of the mandible, part to the postorbital region, jugal, teeth fragments, 17 vertebrae, ribs, a scapula humerus and fin elements.
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Species: sinuatus THEODORI, 1854 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Banz, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material: Tooth..
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Species: ingens THEODORI, 1854 (nomen dubium)
Etymology: Latin, ingens, "enormous, huge."

Holotype:

Locality: Banz, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Toarcian Stage, Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material: A large incomplete humerus with fin elements.
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Species: planartus THEORODI, 1854 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Banz, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Toarcian Stage, Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material: Fragmentary skeleton.
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Species: crassicostatus THEODORI, 1854 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Banz, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material: Parts of the mandible, some sclerotic plates, articulated portion of the vertebral column with ribs attached, scattered vertebrae and rib fragments incomplete scapula, both coracoids, several fin elements and dislocated teeth.

Referred material:

Number: Not given: Humerus.

 

FRAAS, 1891

Locality: Boll, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material:

Stuttgarter Sammlung 4865: Fragmentary skull and fragmentary skeleton.

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Species: macrophthalamus THEORDEI, 1854 (sp. indertermate)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Banz, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material: A partial skull missing the snout, a series of articulated vertebrae, parts of 2 humeri, several fin elements, some incomplete vertebrae, ribs and some girdle elements.

Referred material:

FRAAS, 1891

Locality: Holzmaden, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull.

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Species: nasimowii FAHRENKOHL, 1856 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Jurassic.

Material: 2 centra.
Note: May be pathologic (McGOWAN & MONTANI, 2003)
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Species: zollerianus QUENSTADT, 1858 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:
= Eurypterygius zollerianus (QUENSTADT, 1858) HUENE, 1922 (nomen dubium)

Holotype:

Locality: Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Jurassic.

Material: A vertebral centrum.
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Species: amalthei QUENSTADT, 1858 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:
= Leptopterygius (?) amalthei (QUENSTADT, 1858) HUENE, 1922 (nomen dubium)

Holotype:

Locality: Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Amalthei zone.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliensbachian or Toarcian Stage, Middle-Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material: 18 vertebrae.
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Species: leucoptraeus BURMEISTER & GIEBEL, 1862 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:
= Macropterygius? leucoptraeus (BURMEISTER & GIEBEL, 1862) HUENE, 1922 (nomen dubium)
= Leptopterygius? leucoptraceus (BURMEISTER & GIEBEL, 1862) HUENE, 1927 (nomen dubium)

Holotype: MNHN Santiago, Chile.

Locality: Cerro Blanco, Juntas, Atacama Province, Chile.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lias equivalent, Toriacian Stage, Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material: Dorsal vertebrae.
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Species: strombecki MEYER, 1862 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:
= Myopterygius strombecki (MEYER, 1862) HUENE, 1922 (nomen dubium)

Holotype:

Locality: Eisenstein, near Gross-Dohren Leibengurg, Upper Hilses of northern Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Aptian Stage, Middle Gallic Subepoch, Upper Early Cretaceous Epoch, Early Cretaceous.

Material: Anterior portion of a snout.
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Species: brachyspondylus OWEN, 1865 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype: Private collection of Mr. Rose.

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Lias, Early Jurassic.

Material: Vertebrae.
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Species: lacunosae QUENSTEDT, 1867 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:
= Macropterygius lacunosae (QUENSTEDT, 1867) HUENE, 1922 (nomen dubium)

Holotype:

Locality: Weiáßáen Jura, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Jurassic.

Material: Vertebrae.

Referred material:

QUENSTADT, 1885

Locality: Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Jurassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Caudal vertebra.

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Species: chalarodeirus SEELEY, 1869 (nomen nudum)
Etymology:

No holotype given.

Locality: Ely, Cambridgeshire County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon: Kimmeridge Clay Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Kimmeridgian Stage, Middle Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Unfused axis vertebra.
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Species: hygrodeirus SEELEY, 1869 (nomen nudum)
Etymology:

No holotype given.

Locality: Stretham, Cambridgeshire County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon: Kimmeridge Clay Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Kimmeridgian Stage, Middle Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Unfused axis.
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Species: marchio SANDBERGER, 1870 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

________________________________________________________________

Species: dilatatus PHILLIPS, 1871(nomen dubium)
Etymology:
= Macropterygius? dilatatus (PHILLIPS, 1871) HUENE, 1922 (nomen dubium)
= Ophthalmosaurus? dilatatus (PHILLIPS, 1871) HUENE, 1922 (nomen dubium)

Holotype: OUM J.12494

Locality: St. Clement’s, Oxford, Oxfordshire County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon: Oxford Clay Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Callovian Stage, Upper Dogger Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: 3 cervical, 10 dorsal and caudal vertebrae.

Referred material:

DELAIR, 1960

Locality: Swindon, Wiltshire County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon: Kimmeridge Clay.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Kimmeridgian Stage, Middle Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

NHMUK PV (old BMNH) 45984-7: Imperfect skull, teeth, with associated vertebrae and other bones.

 


Locality: Kimmeridge Bay, Gaulter Gap-Broad Bench, Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon: Kimmeridge Clay.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Kimmeridgian Stage, Middle Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

NHMUK PV (old BMNH) 39158: Associated cervical and dorsal vertebrae.

 

Localtiy: Cowley Fields, Oxford County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon: Oxford Clay Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Kimmeridgian Stage, Middle Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

OUMNH J12494:

 

 

SAUVAGE, 1894

Locality: Boulonnais, France.

Horizon: Portlandian.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Number: Not given :

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Species: advena PHILLIPS, 1871 (nomen nudum)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Stonesfield, (SP 387171), Oxfordshire County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon: Stonefield Member, Sharps Hill Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Bathonian Stage, Middle Dogger Epoch, Middle Jurassic.

Material: Vertebrae.
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Species: aequalis PHILLIPS, 1871 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype: No type material was designated (possibly OUMNHJ12424).

Locality: Shotover, Oxford County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon: Kimmeridge Clay Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Kimmeridgian Stage, Middle Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Caudal vertebra.
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Species: carinatus SAUVAGE, 1876 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:
= Leptopterygius? carinatus (SAUVAGE, 1876) HUENE, 1922 (nomen dubium)

Holotype:

Locality: Autun, Saone-et-Loire Department, France.

Horizon: Rhaetic.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material: Vertebrae.

Referred material:

SAUVAGE, 1882

Locality: Saonte-et-Lorie Department, France.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragmentary maxilla, cervical vertebrae, and dorsal vertebrae.

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Species: rheticus SAUVAGE, 1876 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:
= Leptopterygius? rheticus (SAUVAGE, 1876) HUENE, 1922 (nomen dubium)

Holotype:

Locality: Autun, Saone-et-Loire Department, France.

Horizon: Rhaetic.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material: Vertebrae.

Referred material:

SAUVAGE, 1882

Locality: Saonte-et-Lorie Department, France.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Femur, dorsal vertebrae.

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Species: ascissus WURSTEMBERGER, 1876 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Ohmden, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Lias, Late Early Jurassic.

Material: Skeleton.
Note: Probably destroyed during WWII.
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Species: biscissus WURSTEMBERGER, 1876 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Ohmden, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Lias, Late Early Jurassic.

Material: Skeleton.
Note: Probably destroyed during WWII.
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Species: polyptychodon KOKEN, 1883 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:
= Macropterygius? (Myopterygius) polyptychodon (KOKEN, 1883) HUENE, 1922 (nomen dubium)

Holotype:

Locality: Northern Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Neocomian Substage, Lower Early Cretaceous Epoch, Early Cretaceous.

Material: Partial skull and some dorsal vertebrae.
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Species: hildesiensis KOKEN, 1883 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:
= Myopterygius hildesiensis (KOKEN, 1883) HUENE, 1922 (nomen dubium)

Holotype:

Locality: Northern Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Neocomian Substage, Lower Early Cretaceous Epoch, Early Cretaceous.

Material: Cervical centrum, a dorsal centrum and a tooth.
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Species: longimanus OWEN, 1884 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype: NHMUK (old BMNH) R224

Locality: Not given, but probably Lyme Regis, Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Hettangian-Pliensbachian Stage, Lower Lias Epoch, Early Early Jurassic.

Material: Large isolated forefin.

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Species: aduncus QUENSTADT, 1885 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Holzmaden, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material: Skull and skeleton of a juvenile.
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Species: ceramensis MARTIN, 1888 (nomen dubium)
Etymology: In reference to Ceram, Indonesia.

Holotype:

Locality: Ceram, Indonesia.

Horizon: Equivalent ot the Chalk Marl and Upper Greensand of England.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Cretaceous.

Material: Portion of a rostrum.
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Species: casamquela 1890 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

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Species: quenstedti ZITTEL, 1890 (nomen dubium)
Etymology: In honor of Friedrich August Quenstedt.

Holotype:

Locality: Melchingen, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Jurassic.

Material: Teeth.

Referred material:

= Ichthyosaurus posthumus QUENSTEDT, 1858 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:
= Macropterygius posthumus (QUENSTEDT, 1858) KUHN, 1934 (nomen dubium)
Holotype:

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

 

= Ichthyosaurus trigonus HUENE, 1922 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Number:

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

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Species: torulosi QUENSTEDT, 1891 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:
= Eurypterygius (?) torulsoi (QUENSTEDT, 1891) HUENE, 1922 (nomen dubium)

Holotype:

Locality: Jura, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Jurassic.

Material: Vertebrae.
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Species: arietis FRAAS, 1891 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:
= Eurypterygius arietis (FRAAS, 1891) HUENE,1922 (nomen dubium)

Holotype:

Locality: Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Sinemurian Stage, Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material: Large vertebrae.
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Species: psilonoti FRAAS, 1891 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Southern Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Hettangian Stage, Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material: Tooth.
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Species: numismalis FRAAS, 1892 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:
= Leptopterygius numismalis (FRAAS, 1892) HUENE, 1922 (nomen dubium)

Holotype:

Locality: Kirchheim, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Pliensbachian Stage, Middle Lias Epoch, Early Middle Jurassic.

Material: Segment of snout with teeth and mandible.
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Species: inmanis PHILIPPI, 1895 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Cordillera Tinguiririca, Cajon del Duranzo, Mendoza Province, Argentina.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle or Late Jurassic.

Material: Vertebra, humerus and some of the fin bones.
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Species: kokeni BROILI, 1908 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:
= Myopterygius kokeni (BROILI, 1908) HUENE, 1922 (nomen dubium)

Holotype:

Locality: Grodischt, in the Carpathian Mountians, Romania.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Neocomian Substage, Lower Early Cretaceous Epoch, Early Cretaceous.

Material: Basioccipital, partial humerus, and various vertebral centra.
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Species: brunsvicensis BROILI, 1909 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Behrenbostel near Hannover, Saschen (Saxony) State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Neocomian Substage, Lower Early Cretaceous Epoch, Early Cretaceous.

Material: Basioccipital, basisphenoid, opisthotic, stapes, quadrate and partial parietal, partial element described as an "Episternum".
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Species: communis var hyperdactyla JAEKEL, 1911(nomen dubium)
Etymology:
= Eurypterygius communis var hyperdactyla (JAEKEL, 1911) (nomen dubium)

Holotype: Stuttgart Museum.

Locality: Lyme Regis coast, Pinhay Bay- Charmouth, (SY 3291-SY 3794), Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Hettangian-Pliensbachian Stage, Lower Lias Epoch, Early Early Jurassic.

Material: A paddle.
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Species: acustirostris FRAAS, 1913 non OWEN, 1840 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:
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Species: californicus CAMP, 1942 (nomen dubium)
Etymology: In reference to California, the state of origin.

Holotype: UCMP 36394

Locality: UCMP locality V4041, Quaternary stream gravel’s near the mouth of Puerto Canyon, USGS Orestimba quadrangle, about 5 miles west of Patterson, Stanislaus County, California.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Reworked into Quaternary beds.

Material: A fragment of rostrum.
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Species: franciscanus CAMP, 1942 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype: UCMP 33432

Locality: UCMP locality V3531, Terrace gravel near the mouth of Corral Hollow Creek, 1 mile southeast of "Gravel Pit", USGS Crabona quadrangle, and 6 miles south of Tracy, San Joaquin County, California.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Redopsited from the Franciscan into Quaternary gravels.

Material: A fragment of rostrum with teeth.
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Species: inexpectatus RUSCONI, 1948 (nomen dubium)
Etymology: Latin, inexpectatus, "unexpected."

Holotype: Dep. de Paleontologia, Museo de Historia Nautral de Mendoza, No. 2061

Locality: 2 kilometers east of Rio Grande, Malahue, Mendoza Province, Argentina.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Tithionian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Middle Jurassic.

Material: Fragmentary mandible.

Note: Probably not an Ichthyosaur, possibly a crocodile?
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Species: saladensis RUSCONI, 1948 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype: Dep. de Paleontologia, Museo de Historia Natural de Mendoza, No. 107

Locality: Bajada de las Vacas, Mendoza Province, Argentina.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Berriasian Stage, Middle Gallic Subepoch, Upper Early Cretaceous Epoch, Early Cretaceous.

Material: Indeterminate material.
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: incongnitus RUSCONI, 1948 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Mateiral:

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: sanjuanensis RUSCONI, 1948 (nomen dubium)
Etymology: In reference to San Juan Province, Argentina.

Holotype: M.H.N.M. (Paleontologia) Nors, 2764, 2765, 2766

Locality: Quebrada Honda, San Juan Province, Argentina.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Espinacito Zone.

Age: Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material: 2 vertebrae.