Genus: Temnodontosaurus LYDEKKER, 1889
Etymology: Greek, temno, “to cut”, Greek, odont- (odous), “tooth”, Greek, sauros, “lizard”: Cutting-toothed lizard.
= Oligostinus HAWKINS, 1840
Etymology:

Species: platyodon (CONYBEARE, 1822) LYDEKKER, 1889
Etymology: Greek, platy, "broad, flat, wide" and Greek, odon, “tooth.”
= Ichthyosaurus immanis KOING, 1820 (nomen dubium) (as per DELAIR, 1960)
= Ichthyosaurus platyodon CONYBEARE 1822
= Leptopterygius platyodon (CONYBEARE, 1822) HUENE, 1922
= Leptopterygius (Ichthyosaurus) platyodon (CONYBEARE, 1822) DELAIR, 1969
= Proteosaurus platyodon (CONYBEARE, 1822) McGOWN, 1972

Holotype:

Locality: Lyme Regis or Somerset, Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon: Lower Liassic.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material: Tooth.
Note: Now lost.

Neotype: BMNH 2003

Locality: Lyme Regis coast, Pinhay Bay- Charmouth, (SY 3291-SY 3794), Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Hettangian-Pliensbachian Stage, Lower Lias Epoch, Early Early Jurassic.

Material: Skull and skeleton.

Referred material:

BMNH R2918: Skull and skeleton.

OUM J29170: Incomplete skeleton.

BMNH R1158: A well-preserved three-dimensional skull.

BMNH R1155: A large three-dimensional skull.

BMNH R215: A large isolated skull.

BMNH 2149, 2150: 2 basiocciptial and basisphenoid with associated atlas and axis.

BMNH 481: A partial vertebral column.

ROM 7972: Partial skull.

BATGM M3577a: Large three-dimensional skull.

SMNS 9445: A complete and articulated pectoral girdlae and an associated and articulated forefin.

 

BERCKHEMER, 1938

Locality: Herlikofen, near Schwabish-Gmund, Stuttgart, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

Number: 16.665: Fragment of snout with teeth.

Number: 16.666: Premaxilla with teeth.

 

DOLLO, 1909

Locality: Stockem, near Arlon, Luxemburg.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

Number: Not given:

 

GODEFROIT, 1993

Locality: Arlon, Lorriane, Belgium.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Sinemurian Stage, Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

IRSNB R122: Fragmentary skull and fragmentary skeleton.

IRSNB R123: Fragmentary skull and fragmentary skeleton.

 

OWEN, 1854

Locality: Lyme Regis, Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

Royal College of Surgeons 165: Cast of basioccipital.

Royal College of Surgeons 166: Cast of axis centrum.

Royal College of Surgeons 167: Cast of the 3rd cervical.

Royal College of Surgeons 168: Cast of anchylosed bodies of atlas and axis with hypapophysis wedged into their inferior interspace.

Royal College of Surgeons 169: Tooth.

Royal College of Surgeons 170: Tooth.

 


Locality: Street, Somersetshire County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

Royal College of Surgeons 171: Cast of a left scapula.

 

PATON, 1975

Locality: ?Lyme Regis, ? Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Sinemurian Stage, Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

RSM: 1 skull.

MAISCH & HUNGENBUHLER, 2001

Private collection of Mr. David Sole: Almost complete skull.

 

REIFF

Locality: Malsch, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Doppelfels.

Biostratigraphy: Kuperfel zone.

Age: Late Triassic?

Material:

Karlsruhe, bad. Landessammling f. Naturkde: Dorsal vertebrae.

 

DELAIR, 1960

Locality: Lyme Regis, Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

BMNH R267b: A small right scapula.

BMNH 28507: A flattened humerus or femur.

BMNH 28285: Ilium.

 

= Temnodontosaurus cf. platyodon MAISCH, 1999

Locality: Alpha-Olschiefer, Dusslingen, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Tuberculateus zone.

Age: Early Jurassic.

Material:

GPIT/Re/401: Humerus, femur, fibula, tibia, tibial, distal carpal I and phalanx 1.

 

= Ichthyosaurus lonchiodon OWEN, 1840
Etymology:
= Leptopterygius lonchiodon (OWEN, 1840) HUENE, 1922

Holotype: BMNH 14564

Locality: Lyme Regis, Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon: Lower Liassic.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material: Skull and skeleton.

Referred material:

DELAIR, 1960

BMNH R1119: Immature individual.

BMNH R1166: Large mandible.

BMNH 28398: Skull bones and teeth.

BMNH R.319: Left scapula.

 

REIFF

Locality: Schonaich, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Arientenkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Jurassic.

Material:

Stuttgart Naturaliensammlung: Teeth and skull fragment.

 

cf. lonchiodon REIFF

Locality: Vaihingen, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Angulatenton.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Jurassic.

Material:

Stuttgart Naturaliensammlung: Cervical vertebrae and hamahophysen.

 

Locality: Vainhingen, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Arientenkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Jurassic.

Material:

Stuttgart Naturaliensammlung: Dorsal vertebrae.

 

Locality: Frittlingen, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Areitenkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Jurassic.

Material:

Tubingen Geol. Univ. Inst: Dorsal vertebrae.

 

= ?platyodon or lonchiodon DELAIR, 1960

Locality: Lyme Regis, Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

BMNH 40112: Right coracoid.

 

= Ichthyosaurus giganteus Leach vide OWEN, 1840 (nomen nudum)
Etymology: Laitn, giganteus, "giant, huge."

Holotype:

Locality: Lyme Regis, Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

BMNH R.809: Right pectoral limb.

BMNH R.808: Associated cranium.

Referred material:

PHILLIPPI, 1895/GASPARINI & GONI, 1990

Locality: Cajon del Durazano, Mendoza Province, Argentina.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Callovian Stage, Middle Dogger Epoch, Middle Jurassic.

Material:

MNHN Santiago Chile: Fragmentary remains.

 

= Ichthyosaurus chiroligostinus HAWKINS, 1834
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

 

= Oligostinus HAWKINS, 1834
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material: Jaws.


= Temnodontosaurus risor McGOWAM 1974
Etymology:
= Ichthyosaurus communis OWEN, 1849 (partim)
= Ichthyosaurus communis LYDEKKER, 1889 (partim)

Holotype: BMNH 43971

Locality: Lyme Regis coast, Pinhay Bay- Charmouth, (SY 3291-SY 3794), Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Hettangian to Lower Sinemurian Stage, Lower Lias Epoch, Early Early Jurassic.

Material: Skull and some cervical vertebrae with cervical ribs.

Referred material:

BMNH R311: Partial skull.

SMC J68446: Skull.

 

McGOWAN, 1994

Locality: On the shore at Black Ven, just to the east of Lyme Regis, Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon: Lower Liassic.

Biostratigraphy: Asteroceras obtusum Zone.

Age: Late Sinemurian Stage, Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

Bristol City Museums and Art Gallery: Skull, interclavicle, right clavicle, right coracoid, proximal portion of left coracoid, and cervical vertebrae, dorsal vertebrae, ribs, left clavicle, scapula, distal portion of left coracoid, and left forefin, left hindfin, partial right hindfin and partial pelvic girdle and caudal vertebrae.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: trigonodon (THEODORI, 1843) LYDEKKER, 1890
Etymology:
= Ichthyosaurus trigonodon THEODORI, 1843) LYDEKKER, 1890
= Leptopterygius trigonodon (THEODORI, 1843) HUENE, 1922

Holotype:

Locality: Near the river Main between Hausen and Unnersdorf, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material: Skull and skeleton.

Referred material:

Locality: Kingsthorpe, Whibty, Yorkshire County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

BMNH 47153:

 

MAISCH & HUNGENBÜHLER, 2001

Locality: Werkforum Rohrbach Zement Dotternhausen, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: falciferum zone.

Age: Lias epsilon II, bed 5, Toarcian Stage, Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material:

WRZD 443: Skull lacking tip of snout.

 

Locality: Holzmaden, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: falciferum zone.

Age: Lias epsilon II, bed 5, Toarcian Stage, Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material:

SMNS 13128: Complete skull.

 

PARDO-PEREZ, KEAR, MALLIOSN, GOMEZ, MORONI & MAXWELL, 2019

Locality: Holzmaden, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Posidoniensciefer Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower-Middle Toarcian Stage, Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material:

UMH 454: A complete three-dimensional skull with portion of anterior vertebral column and anterior pectoral gridles and forefins.

Note: With pathologies on the left and right premaxillae.

SMNS 15950: Skull and skeleton.

Note: Pathologies, on the skull with 12 roughly circular areas separated by a few centimeters with woven, disoriented fibres, and occasional reactive bone deposition on the dorsal and lateral left premaxilla. Left dorsal ribs (11-23, 30, 35, 37039) with healed fracture with callus, and on the right side (PARDO-PEREZ, KEAR, MALLIOSN, GOMEZ, MORONI & MAXWELL, 2019)

 

Locality: Frittlingen, district of Tuttlingen, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Posidoniensciefer Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower-Middle Toarcian Stage, Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material:

GPIT/RE/9395: Skull.

Note: With pathologies, callus formaton on the premaxilla, nasal and dentary, and on the left lateral surface of the dentary with fiber remodeling as a result of healing process, ventrolatral margin of the angular with attchemtn of belemnite.

 

Locality: Schlierbach, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Posidoniensciefer Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower-Middle Toarcian Stage, Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material:

GPIT/RE/1491/13: A complete skull and skeleton.

Note: Pathologies in the left forefin.

 

Locality: Mistelagu, Bavaria State, Germany.

Horizon: Jurensismergel Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Toarcian Stage, Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Cretaceous.

Material:

UM-O no. 4: incomplete anterior skull with some postcranial elements.

Note: Pathologies on the right premaxill and dentary.

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Species: crassimanus (TATE & BLAKE, 1876) McGOWAN & MONTANI, 2003
= Ichthyosaurus crassimanus TATE & BLAKE, 1876
Etymology:

Holotype: Yorkshire Museum (YORYM) G497

Locality: Alum Shales north of Whitby, Loftus, Yorkshire County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material: Fragmentary skull and fragmentary skeleton.

Note: Found near the type of Rhomaleosaurus cramptoni.

Referred material:

BENTON & TAYLOR, 1984

Locality: Whitby, Yorkshire County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

Manchester Museum: 6 m skeleton.

 


Locality: Near Jet Rock, Whitby, Yorkshire County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material:

Whitby Museum WM 2456S: 8 m skeleton.

 

DEEMING, HALSTEAD, MANABE & UNWIN, 1993

Locality: England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Hettangian-Sinemurian Stage, Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

MANUM L1688: Incomplete.

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Species: burgundiae (GAUDRY, 1892)
Etymology:
= Ichthyosaurus burgundiae GAUDRY 1892
= Leptopterygius burgundiae (GAUDRY, 1892)

Holotype: MNHP 1889-28

Locality: Sainte-Colombe, France.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Toarcian Stage, Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material: Skull and skeleton.

Referred material:

MNHP 1903-16: Skull and skeleton.

 

Locality: Holzmaden, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Posidoniensciefer Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower-Middle Toarcian Stage, Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material:

MHH B08, SMNS N2A: Skulls and skeletons.

SMNS 7762. 4996, 13228, N03, MNHP 1903-16, 1955-21, BSPM B03: Skulls.

 


Locality: Frittlingen, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Toarcian Stage, Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material:

GPIT B04: Skull.

 


Locality: Goppingen, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Toarcian Stage, Upper Lias Epoch, Late Early Jurassic.

Material:

GPIT 1941/13: Skull and skeleton.

 

BOTTCHER, 1989

Locality: Ohmden, near Zell, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: elegans subzone.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Toarcian Stage, Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

SMNS Inv. Nr. 50 000: Skull, skeleton and stomach contents of 200 belmnoid cephalopod hooklets.

 

MCGOWAN, 1996

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

SMNS 52340: A complete skull and skeleton.

 

= Ichthyosaurus acutirostris FRAAS, 1891
Etymology:
= Leptopterygius acutirostris HUENE, 1922 (partim)

Holotype: Stuttgarter Sammlung 4996

Locality: Holzmaden, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material: Skull and fragmentary skeleton.

 

= Ichthyosaurus ingens FRAAS, 1891 (nomen dubium)
Etymology: Latin, ingens, "enormous, huge."

Holotype: Stuttgarter Sammlung 4653

Locality: Holzmaden, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

Sammlung der Akademie Hohenheim: Fin.

Stuttgarter Sammlung: Coracoid.

 


Locality: Frittlingen, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

Tubinger Sammlung 5750: Fragmentary skull.

 


Locality: Banz, northern Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Vertebrae.

 

= Ichthyosaurus acutirostris FRAAS, 1913

Holotype:

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

 

= Ichthyosaurus ingens or acutirostris FRAAS 1891

Holotype: Not given.

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material: Rib.

 

= Stenopterygius megalorhinus HUENE, 1922 (partim)

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

Number: Not given:

 


= Leptopterygius trigonodon HUENE, 1931

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

Number: Not given:

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: nuertingensis (HUENE, 1931) MAISCH, & HUNGERBUHLER, 1997
Etymology:
= Leptopterygius nuertingensis HUENE, 1931
= Leptonectes nuertingensis (HUENE, 1931) McGOWAN, 1996

Holotype: SMNS 13488

Locality: The former Schott Cement Quarry, Nurtingen-Enzenhart, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Pliensbachian Stage, Middle Lias Epoch, Middle Early Jurassic.

Material: A partial skull, 8 vertebrae, some ribs and a coracoid.
Note: The entire postcranial material from the same individual is lost (MAISCH, 1997)

Note: Pathologies on teh skull with 6 small areas with fibre rmodling on teh lateral surfaces of teh right premaxilla, 4 on the left premaxilla, multible mandibular pathologies (PARDO-PEREZ, KEAR, MALLISON, GOMEZ, MORONI & MAXWELL, 2019).

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: eurycephalus McGOWAN, 1974
Etymology:
= Ichthyosaurus breviceps OWEN, 1881 (partim)
= Eurypterygius breviceps HUENE, 1922
NON Ichthyosaurus platyodon LYDEKKER, 1889

Holotype: BMNH R1157

Locality: Lyme Regis, from a limestone bed called Broad Ledge, Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lowermost Sinemurian Stage, Lower Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material: Skull.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: azerguensis MARTIN, FISHER, VINCENT & SUAN, 2012
Etymology: Derived from 'Azergues', the local name of the valley and river flowing near the Belmont quarry.
= Temnodontosaurus nova MARTIN, FISHER, VINCENT & SUAN, 2011

Holotype: MAMSPLP (unnumbered)

Locality: Beaujolais foothills, near Lyon, Rhone Department, France.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Bifrons zone.

Age: Middle Toarcian Stage, Upper Lias Epoch, Early Jurassic.

Material: Skull and skeleton.