Genus: Xianglong LI, GAO, HOU & XU, 2007
Etymology: The generic name means flying dragon in Chinese.
Species: zhaoi LI, GAO, HOU & XU, 2007
Etymology: In honor of Zhao Dayu, one of the founders of the Liaoning Paleontological Museum.
Holotype: LPM 000666
Locality: Zhuanchengzi locality, near Yizhou, Liaoning Province, China.
Horizon: Zhuanchengzi Bed, Yixian Formation, Jehol Group.
Age: Barremian Stage, Lower Gallic Subepoch, Middle Early Cretaceous Epoch, Early Cretaceous.
Material: Skull and skeleton.
Note: Patagium impression, skin (scale) impressions and collagen fibers.