Genus: Placodus AGASSIZ, 1833
Etymology: Greek, plak- (plax), “board, flat surface, boss” and Greek, odus, “tooth”: Flat tooth.
= Anomosaurus HUENE, 1902
Etymology: Greek, anomos, “lawless” and Greek, sauros, “lizard”: Anomodont lizard.
= Pleurodus GUERICH, 1885
Etymology: Greek, pleuron, “side, rib” and Greek, odous, “tooth”: Side tooth.

Species: gigas AGASSIZ, 1833
Etymology:

Holotype: BSP AS VII 1208

Locality: Laineck, Oschenberg near East Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Bindlach Formation, Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: Atavus-evolutus biozones.

Age: Upper Illyrian, middle Ansian Stage, Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material: Skull.

Paratype: SMF 1035:

Locality: Steinsfut, Baden-Württenberg State, southern Germany.

Horizon: Meißner Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tonplatten facies, compressus-nodosus biozones.

Age: Lower Fassanian Sub Stage, Early Ladian Stage, Middle Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material: Fragmentary skull and nearly complete skeleton (DREVERMANN, 1933).

 

Referred material:

CORROY, 1928

Locality: Lorraine, France.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Teeth, and skull fragments.

 

= Placodus cf. P. gigas DALLA VECCHIA & AVANZINI, 2002

Locality: Leno Torrent, Vallarsa, near the village of Speccheri, Trento Province, Italy.

Horizon: Calcare di Recoaro.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

MTSN 3632: Tooth.

MTSN 3637: Partial tooth.

MTSN 3642: Tooth fragment.

MTSN 3630: Femur.

 

DIEDRICH, 2009

Locality: Bissendorf, Osnabrucker Bergland, Lower Saschen (Saxony) State, northwestern Germany.

Horizon: Meißner Formation, Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian/Landinan Boundary, Mid Triasic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

Coll.-No. Pal 327-527-531: 1 incomplete tooth and 1 tooth fragment, some incomplete ribs and possibly gastralia fragments.

 

DIEDRICH, 2013

Locality: Freyburg, Sachsen-Anhalt State, Germany.

Horizon: MuS Substage, Jena Formation, Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pelsonian Substage, Middle Ansian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

Mb No. MB R. 538: lower posterior palatine tooth of a young individual.

MB no. R.1766: Fragmentary dentary.

MLU.IfG unnumbered: Large posterior palatine teeth of an early young individual.

MLU.IfG unnumbered: Fragmentary skull.

MLU.IfG no. 2007.aa: Gastralia.

 

Locality: Balgstädt, Germany.

Horizon: Jena Formation, Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pelsonian Substage, Middle Ansian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

NME no. 39/62: Laterial gastral rib.

 

Locality: Freyburg, Sachsen-Anhalt State, Germany.

Horizon: MuS Substage, Jena Formation, Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Bithynian-Pelsonian Substage, Middle Ansian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

MB no. R. R10: Fragmentary dentary.

MB no. R.895: Fragmentary dentary.

MLU.IfG. no. 2007.17: Maxillarty tooth.

NME no. 10/24: Palatine fragment.

 

Locality: Rüdersdorf near Berlin, Brandenburg State, Germany.

Horizon: Jena Formation, Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pelsonian Substage, Middle Ansian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

MB unnumbered: Large palatine tooth of a early young individual.

Mb unnumbered: Large posterior palatine teeth of an early young individual.

 

Locality: Schmerbitz, Germany.

Horizon: Jena Formation, Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pelsonian Substage, Middle Ansian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

MLU.IfG unnumered: Posterior dorsal vertebra.

 

Locality: Bindlacher Berg, Bindlach near Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Bindlach Formation, Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: atavus-evolutus zone.

Age: Illyrian Substage, Lower Ansian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

NMB unnumbered: Left scapula.

SNSD no. 16254a: Left scapula.

SMF no. R2003: Middle dorsal vertebra.

SMF no. R2005: Dorsal osteoderm.

SMF no. R2006: Dorsal ostoderm.

SNSD no. 54552: Cervical vertebra.

SNSD no. 59825: Middle dorsal vertebra.

UM-O unnumber: Middle dorsal vertebra.

U-MO no. BT 672: Right femur of a medium sized individual.

U-MO BT 672.00: Right femur.

 

Locality: Bindlach near Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Bindlach Formation, Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: atavus-evolutus zone.

Age: Illyrian Substage, Lower Ansian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

BMNH no. R41096: Fragmentary skull. SMF no. R360 (cast BMNH N. R4016): Fragmentary skull.

SMF no. R.366: Paltine.

SMF no. R4162: Palatine.

SMF no. R5033: Palatine.

U-MO unnumbered: Fragmentary skull.

U-MO BT 13: Fragmentary skull.

U-MO no BT Bayr-77: Palatine fragment.

 

Locality: Bindlach or Laineck, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Bindlach Formation, Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: atavus-evolutus zone.

Age: Illyrian Substage, Lower Ansian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

MB unnumbered: 2 fragmentary dentaries.

NMB unnumbered: Fragmentary dentary.

NMB unnumbered: Anterior dentary tooth.

NMB unnumbered: Dentary tooth.

NMB unnumbered: Palatine tooth.

NMB unnumbered: Maxillary tooth.

SMF no. R29: Interclavicle.SMF no. R359: Fragmentary skull.

SMF no. R361: Fragmentary skull.

SMF no. R362: Fragmentary skull.

SMF no. r363: Fragmentary dentary.

SMF n. R.365: Fragmentary dentary.

SMF n. R.367: Fragmentary dentary.

SMF no. R.368: Fragentary dentary.

SMF no. R.378: Maxilla of a large individual.

SMF no. R492: Right palatine.

SMF no. R2020: Right ilium.

SMF no. R4038: Fragmentary skull of a maderately old individual.

Note: Pathologic.

SMF no. R4110: Fragmentary dentary.

SMF no. R4111: Fragmentary dentary.

SMF no. R4112: Fragmentary skull.

SMF no. R5031: Maxialla of a young individual.

SMF no. R5032: Fragmentary denary.

SMF no. R5033: Palatine.

SNSD unnumbered: Fragmentary skull.

U-MO unnumbered: 2 fragmentary skulls.

U-MO 5384a: Anterior premaxillary tooth fo an older individual.

U-MO 5384b: Anterior premaxillary tooth of a younger individual.

U-MO 5384c: Palatine tooth.

U-MO 5384d: Maxillary tooth.U-MO no BT 747: Fragmentary skull.

U-MO BT 5067.00: Fragmentary dentary.

UM.O no. BT 5090: Anterior premaxillary tooth.

U-MO BT 003075.00: Right maxilla.

 

Locality: Buda Sulza, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Buda Sulza Formation, Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: pulcher zone.

Age: Illyrian Substage, Lower Ansian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

MB no. R2057: Fragmentary dentary.

NME unnumbered: Anterior premaxillary tooth of an odler individual.

NME no. 78/235a: Palatine tooth.

NME no. 78/278: Fragmentary dentary.

 

Locality: Meinstorf, Germany.

Horizon: " Upper Muschelkalk."

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

MB unnumbered: Dentary tooth.

 

Locality: Ohrdruf, Germany.

Horizon: "Upper Muschelkalk."

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

MB no. R.454: Right humerus of a young individual.

 

Locality: Künzelsau-Garnberg, Germany.

Horizon: Meißner Formation, Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Fassanian Substage, Lower Landian Stage, Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

MHI unnumbered: Anterior dentary tooth.

MNI 2024: Anterior premaxillary tooth.

 

Locality: "Bayreuth," Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Bindlach Formation, Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: Atavus-evolutus biozones.

Age: Upper Illyrian, middle Ansian Stage, Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

SMF without no. R.275: Posteror cervical vertebra.

SMF wihtout no. R.2001: Middle cervical vertebra.

SMF without no. R.2001a: Anterior cervical vertebra.

SMF without no. R.2001b: Middle dorsal vertebra.

 

 

Locality: Hegnabrunn near Kulmbach, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Hegnabrunn Formation.

Biostratigraphy: evolutus-sublaevigatus zone.

Age: Fassian Substage, Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

SNSD no. 54583: Left humerus.

 

DIEDRICH, 2013

Locality: Bad Sulza, Thuringia State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Bad Sulza Member, Bad Sulza Formation, Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: pulcher/atavus Biozone, ? beds.

Age: Middle Illyrian substage, Ansian Stage, Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

NME no. 78/279: Anterior tooth.

NME no. 78/93/175: Dorsal vertebra.

 

Locality: Bad Sulza, Thuringia State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Bad Sulza Member, Bad Sulza Formation, Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: pulcher Biozone, ? beds.

Age: Middle Illyrian substage, Ansian Stage, Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

NME no. 78/235a, b, c, d: Palatal teeth.

NME no. 78/235e, f: Tooth fragments.

 

Locality: Bad Sulza, Thuringia State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Bad Sulza Member, Bad Sulza Formation, Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: pulcher Biozone, Glauconite beds.

Age: Middle Illyrian substage, Ansian Stage, Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

NME no. 78/235a-b: Skull part and counterpart.

NME no. 78/278: Lower jaw.

 

Locality: Bad Sulza, Thuringia State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Bad Sulza Member, Bad Sulza Formation, Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: pulcher Biozone, Plagiostoma bed.

Age: Middle Illyrian substage, Ansian Stage, Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

NME no. 78/232: Dorsal vertebra.

 

Locality: Bad Sulza, Thuringia State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Bad Sulza Member, Bad Sulza Formation, Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: pulcher Biozone, Trochitenkalk bed 1.

Age: Middle Illyrian substage, Ansian Stage, Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

MB unnumbred: Dorsal vertebra.

MB R.138/1: Dorsal vertebra centrum.

NME no. 78/277: Lower Jaw.

SHMBS 95: Fragmentary skull without dentition.

 

Locality: Bad Sulza, Thuringia State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Bad Sulza Member, Bad Sulza Formation, Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: atavus Biozone, Oolite bed.

Age: Middle Illyrian substage, Ansian Stage, Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

MB R.135: Gastral costa.

MB R.2821, ma. 455 Humeri.

MB R.2057: Lower jaw.

NME no. 78/280a: Denary tooth.

NME no. 78/280b: Palatal tooth.

NME no. 78/280c: Tooth fragment.

NME no. 78/280d: Palatal tooth.

 

Locality: Bad Sulza, Thuringia State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Bad Sulza Member, Bad Sulza Formation, Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: atavus Biozone, Coenothyris beds.

Age: Middle Illyrian substage, Ansian Stage, Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

NME no. 93/169: Dorsal vertebra.

HUENE

Locality: Steinsfurt near Heidelberg, Baden-Wurttemberg Sate, Germany.

Horizon: Middle Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

Frankfurter: Skull and skeleton.

 

HUENE, 1936

Locality: Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

Senkenberg-Museum, Frankfurt, R 4111: Fragmentary dentary.

 

JAEKEL

Locality: Laineck near Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull.

 

LYDEKKER, 1889

Locality: Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

BMNH 41139: Imperfect cranium.

BMNH 33071: Fragment of the left side of the posterior half of a plate.

BMNH R1642: Part of a right maxilla.

BMNH 32781: Portion of a maxilla.

BMNH 33070: Imperfect posterior portion of a similar left mandibular
ramus.

BMNH 32781a: Fragment of the left ramus of a rather larger mandible.

BMNH 1323: A large palatine tooth.

BMNH 32781c: A large imperfect palatine of mandibular tooth.

BMNH 32781d: A palatine or mandibular tooth.

BMNH 32781e: A palatine or mandibular tooth.

BMNH 32781f: The crowns of a number of teeth belonging either to the premaxillae or the symphysis of the mandible.

BMNH 1332: A palatine or mandibular tooth.

BMNH 35680: A palatine or mandibular tooth.

 

Locality: Luneville, Meurth-et-Moselle Department, France.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

BMNH 48204: The crowns of a number of anterior teeth.

 

MEYER, 1863

Locality: Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull.

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull.

Number: Not given: Skull missing the anterior tip.

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull.

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull.

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull.

 

NOSOTTI & PINNA

Locality: Laineck, East Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragmentary dentary.

Number: Not given: 5 teeth.

Number: Not given: Palatine teeth.

 

Locality: Zwetzen, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: 5 anterior teeth.

Number: Not given: 4 palatal teeth.

 


Locality: Leinecker Berge, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull.

 

cf. gigas

Locality: Zwetzen, Germany.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: 1 anterior tooth.

Number: Not given: 1 palatine tooth.

 


Locality: Larischhof, Germany.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: 1 anterior tooth.

 

PATON, 1975

Locality: Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

RSM: 1 tooth.

 

RIEPPEL, 1994

Locality: Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

BSP AS VII 1209: Lower Jaw.

SMF 359: Skull with partial brain case. (BROILI, 1912).

SMF 4162: Partial skull.

 

 

RIEPPEL, 1995

Locality: Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

BSP AS VII 1211: Skull.

BT 12, BA Tr 43: Skull.

BSP 360, 366, 4038, 4162, 12679, 59434: Skulls.

BSP 1925 I 16: Mandible.

BSP AS VII 209: Mandible.

SMF R-362, 363, 259, 364, 365, 367, 368, 492, 4110, 4112: Mandibles.

SMF R-576, 578, 579, 2000, 2003: Dorsal vertebrae.

SMF R-2001: 2 cervical vertebrae.

SMF R 672: Humerus (possibly Cyamodus, R. Wild, 1977)

SMF R 86, 88: Femora.

SMF R-760: Proximal end of a femur.

BMNH R-1328-9: Tooth plates.

 

Locality: Bad Sulza, Thuringia State, Germany.

Horizon: Bad Sulza Formation, Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: pulcher zone.

Age: Upper Illyrian substage, Ansian Stage, Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

Er 78/235, Er 78/235a: Skull.

Er 78/278: Mandible.

 


Locality: Crailsheim, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

SMNS 18641: Skull.

 


Locality: Tiefenbach near Crailsheim, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

SMNS 15891: Humerus.

 

Locality: Hegnabrunn near Kulmbach, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

BSP 1968.I.75: Skull (BROILI, 1912, Pl. 12, figs 1-4).

SMNS 59826: Dorsal centra.

BSP 1968 I 76: Mandible.

SMNS uncatalogued, coll. M. Wild #98: Mandible.

SMNS Coll. M. Wild #81: Sacral vertebra.

SMNS 59827,SMNS uncatalogued coll. M. Wild #1365: Humeri.

 


Locality: Freyburg/Unstrut, Sachsen-Anhalt State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Early Middle Triassic.

Material:

BRG S 54-R 09, BSP 1959 XII 25: Tooth plates.

 

Locality: Freyburg/Unstrut, Sachsen-Anhalt State, Germany.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

Ha, uncatalogued: Mandible.

 

Locality: Stengelberg, Germany.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

SMNS 17572: Mandible.

 


Locality: Bodigheim, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Early Middle Triassic.

Material:

SMNS 53006: Vertebrae.

 


Locality: Freudenstadt, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Early Middle Triassic.

Material:

SMNS 59370: Dorsal vertebra.

 


Locality: Lauchringen, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

SMNS 58021: Mandible.

 


Locality: Tarnowitz, Upper Silesia, Silesian Province, Poland.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

BGR X-06153: Tooth plates.

 


Locality: Rybina, Upper Silesia, Silesian Province, Poland.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

BGR X-06154: Tooth plates.

 


Locality: Rudersdorf, near Berlin, Brandenburg State, Germany.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

BRG S 55-R 14, S 55-R 15, S 55-L 15: Tooth plates.

 


Locality: Rudersdorf near Berlin, Brandenburg State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Early Middle Triassic.

Material:

BRG S 55-L 02, BRG S 56-R 02, BRG S 56-R 03: Tooth plates.

 


Locality: Rudersdorf near Berlin, Brandenburg State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower and Middle Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

BRG S 56-L 11: Tooth plates.

 


Locality: Jena, Thuringia State, Germany.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

BRG S 54-r 09: Tooth plates.

 


Locality: Jena, Thuringia State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Early Middle Triassic.

Material:

BRG S 54-L 09, SMNS 13666a, 15992: Tooth plates.

 


Locality: Lambach-Sulzbad, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Early Middle Triassic.

Material:

SMNS 56313: Tooth plates.

 


Locality: Sondershausen, Thuringia State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Early Middle Triassic.

Material:

SMNS 13665: Tooth plates.

 


Locality: Grombach, Germany.

Horizon: Discoceratitenschichten, Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

MHI 776: Humerus.

 


Locality: Crailsheim, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Trochitenkalk, Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

SMNS 18641: Partial skull.

 


Locality: Hegnabrunn, Germany.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: Spinosus biozone.

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

SMNS 59827: Humerus.

 


Locality: Bindlach near Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Upper Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ladinian Stage, Upper Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

SMNS ucatalogued, coll. M,. Wild # 1798: Femur.

RIEPPEL, 1995

SMNS coll. M. Wild #81: Sacral vertebra.

SMNS uncatalogued, Coll. M. Wild # 1789: Femur.

 

RIEPPEL, 2001

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

MHI 1682: Partial skull.

MHI 986: Left dentary.

MHI 1203: Dentary fragment.

SMF uncatalogued: Sectioned dentary.

SMF uncatalogued: Sectioned palatines.


= Placodus cf. P. gigas RIEPPEL & DALLA VECCHIA, 2001

Locality: Specchieri, Leno Creek, Vallarsa, Trento Province, Trentino-Alto Adige Region, Tre Venezie Area, Northeastern Italy.

Horizon: Calcare di Recoaro (Recoaro Limestone) Formation, Pelsonian.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Upper Anisian Stage, Upper lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

Museo Tridention di Scienze Naturali, Trento, uncatalogued : An isolated palatine tooth plate.

 

= Placodus cf. P. gigas

Locality: Recoaro, Province of Vicenzia, Vento Region, Tre Venezie Area, Northeastern Italy.

Horizon: Calcare di Recoaro (Recoaro Limestone) Formation, Pelsonian.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Upper Anisian Stage, Upper lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

University of Padua Museum of Paleontology 6788: Isloated palatine tooth.

 

SUES, 1987

Locality: Unspecified locality, Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

Oberfrankisches Erdgeschichtliches Museum at Bayreuth, BT 13: Skull.

 

= Placodus pachygnathus OWEN, 1858
Etymology:

Holotype: BMNH R1641

Locality: Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material: Imperfect mandible.

 

= Placodus bathygnathus OWEN, 1858
Etymology:

Holotype: BMNH 19677

Locality: Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material: Posterior portion of the left ramus of the mandible.

 

= Placodus quinimolaris MEYER, 1863
Etymology:

Holotype: U-MO no. BT 742

Locality: Bindlach or Laineck, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Bindlach Formation, Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: atavus-evolutus zone.

Age: Illyrian Substage, Lower Ansian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

 

= Placodus hypsiceps MEYER, 1863
Etymology:
= Placodus hypsicephalus MEYER, 1863
Etymology:

Holotype: U-MO no BT 745

Locality: Bindlach or Laineck, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Bindlach Formation, Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy: atavus-evolutus zone.

Age: Illyrian Substage, Lower Ansian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Late Middle Triassic.

Material:

Material: Skull missing left side.

Referred material:

LYDEKKER, 1889

Locality: Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

BMNH 35868: Part of the left side of the hinder portion of the palate of an immature individual.

BMNH 41096: Crushed cranium.

 

= Placodus aethiopi MUNSTER in SCHEDIS, (1834?)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Unknown.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material: 1 tooth.

 

= Placodus angustus MUNSTER in SCHEDIS, (1834?)
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Laineck, East Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material: 1 tooth.

 

= Placodus rugosus MUNSTER in SCHEDIS, (1834?)

Holotype:

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

 

= Placodus andriani MUNSTER, 1839
Etymology: In honor of Baron von Andrian.

Holotype:

Locality: Bayreuth (not Bamberg), Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

CORROY, 1928

Locality: Agassiz, Luneville, Meurth-et-Moselle Department, France.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Teeth.

 

LYDEKKER, 1889

Locality: Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

BMNH 48204a: A second and third palatine tooth.

BMNH 32781b: A first palatine tooth.

BMNH R1643: Imperfect left ramus of the mandible, wanting the symphysial portion.

 

NOSOTII & PINNA, 1989

Locality: Bamberg, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: 5 teeth.

 

Locality: Braunschweig, Sachsen, Lower Saxony State, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Mandible.

 

Locality: Leineck, East Bayrueth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull.

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull.

 

cf. andriani

Locality: Alt-Tarnowitz, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: 1 tooth.

 

= Placodus bombidens OWEN, 1859
Etymology:

Holotype: BMNH R 1643

Locality: Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material: 4 teeth.


= Anomosaurus strunzi HUENE, 1905
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Laineck near Bayreuth, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Early Middle Triassic.

Material: Fragmentary skeleton.

 

= Colobus schmidti SCHMIDT, 1928
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

 

= Placodus antiquior HUENE, 1936
Etymology:

Holotype: HA Uncatalogued.

Locality: Freyburg, Sachsen-Anhalt State, Germany.

Horizon: Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Early Middle Triassic.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

PINNA, 1999/Oosterick, 1978

Locality: Winterswijk, MFW, Holland.

Horizon: Lower Muschelkalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Early Middle Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragment of a palate and isolated tooth.

 

= Placodus cf. P. gigas ( WINTRICH, HAGDORN & SANDER, 2017)
= Omphalosaurus peyeri MAISCH & LEHMANN, 2002
Etymology: In honor of Prof. Dr. Bernard Peyer, Zurich, for his outstanding and excellent contributions to the knowledge of Triassic marine reptiles, including the omphalosaurids of the Germanic Basin.

Holotype: GSUB V1427

Locality: Cement quarry of Rüdersdorf, E’Berlin, Berlin State, Germany.

Horizon: Rüdersdorf Formation (former 'Schaumkalk' unit) of the Lower Muschelkalk (former Brandenburg Formation).

Biostratigraphy: Decurtella decurtata Zone.

Age: Pelsonian-early late Illyrian age, Middle Anisian, Early Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material: Incomplete left maxilla, containing 3 fully erupted, functional teeth and several replacement teeth.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: inexpectatus JIANG, MONTANI, HAO, RIEPPEL, SUN, SCHMITZ, & SUN, 2008
Etymology: Latin, inexpactatus, 'unexpected, unforeseen'.

Holotype: GMPKU-P-1054

Locality: Yangjuan Village, Xinmin District, Panxian County, Guizhou Province, China.

Horizon: Upper Member, Guanling Formaiton.

Biostratigraphy: Nicoraella kockeli conodont biozone.

Age: Pelsonian, Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Early Middle Triassic.

Material: Skull and skeleton.