Genus: Psephoderma MEYER, 1858
Etymology: Greek, psephos, “stone, pebble”, Greek, derma, “skin”: Pebble skin.
= Placochelyannus KUHN, 1968
Etymology:

Species: alpinum MEYER, 1858
Etymology:
= Psephoderma alpina MEYER, 1858

Holotype: BSP AS I 8

Locality: Winkelmoos alpe, Bavarian Alps, Dachsteinkalk, Ruhpolding, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Kossen Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material: Dermal shield.

Referred material:

BARDET, CUNY, LACHKAR, SUBERBIOLA, MAZIN, THOMEL, BARBIERI, VASSE, PAROT & EMILY, 1998

Locality: Pic des Courmettes, near the city of Grasse (Alpes-Maritimes), Eastern Province, France.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given:

 

BONI, 1948

Locality: Valcava, Mont Albenza, Bergamo, Lombardia Province, North Italy.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Skull.

 


BONI, 1937, BROILI, 1920, CORNALIA in STOPPANI, 1860-65, OSSWALD, 1930, ZAPFE, 1950, 1960

Locality: Austria and Italy.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Isolated teeth.


CORNALIA in STOPPANI, 1860-65

Locality: Azzarola,

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Isolated osteroderms.

 

CURIONI, 1863

Locality: Viano, Italy.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragment of skeleton.

 

 

NOSOTTI & PINNA, 1989

Locality: Gaggio,

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Teeth.

 

Locality: Val dell’Oro, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Tooth.

 

PINNA, 1979

Locality: Near Edenna, Bergamo, Lombardia Province, North Italy.

Horizon: Zorzino Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull of a juvenile.

 

RENESTO & TINTORI, 1995

Locality: Zogno 2, Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giula Province, Italy.

Horizon: Zorzino Limestone.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle-Late Norian Stage, Upper Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

ST82003: Skull and complete skeleton.

 

= Psephoderma zitteli (AMMON, 1876)
Etymology:
= Placodus zitteli AMMON, 1876
= Placodus Placochelys? zitteli (AMMON, 1876)
= Placochelys zitteli (AMMON, 1876) KUHN, 1933

Holotype:

Locality: Ansetzberg, Plattenkalk, Alps.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material: 1 tooth.

 

= Placochelys alpis sorididae BROILI, 1920
Etymology:
= Psephoderma alpissorididae (BROILI, 1920) PINNA, 1978
Holotype:

Locality: Wendelstein, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material: Skull.

 

= Placochelys stoppanii OSSWALD, 1930
Etymology:
= Psephoderma stoppanii (OSSWALD, 1930)
= Placochelyannus stoppanii (OSSWALD, 1930) PINNA, 1976

Holotype: Bayerische Staatssmmlung fur Palaontologie und Historische Geologie, Munchen.

Locality: Plankenstien, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

JURCSAK, 1978/PINNA, 1976

Locality: Bihor County, Transylvania, Romania.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Anisian Stage, Lower Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull.

 

PINNA, 1976

Locality: Mount Cornizzolo, Lombardia Province, North Italy.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Skull.

 

= Placochelys stoppanii ZAPFE, 1960

Locality: Adnet, near Hallein, Salzburg, Austria.

Horizon: Late Rhat.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Partial tooth.

 

= Placochelys malanchinii BONI, 1947
Etymology:
= Placochelyannus malanchinii (BONI, 1947) KUHN, 1969

Holotype: Private collection.

Locality: Monte Albenza, Lombardia Province, North Italy.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

Locality: Monte Cornizzollo, Lombardia Province, North Italy.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

MSNM V471: Fragmentary skull.

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Species: anglicum MEYER, 1867
Etymology:

Holotype: BGM CD 10

Locality: Holwell near Frome (not Aust Cliff), Somerset County, England.

Horizon: Holwell fissure fill.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material: Fragmentary skeleton.

Paratypes:

BGM CD11, CD 12, CD 13, CD 14, CD15: 6 osteoderms.

BMNH R 1511-1514: Casts of 6 osteoderms.

Referred material:

BGM CD89A.-I: 25 isolated complete and fragmentary teeth.

GBM M193: 18 specimens.

There are 64 complete and partial osteoderms.

 

HUENE, 1936

Locality: Nieder, Switzerland.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skeleton.

 

NOSOTTI, 1986

Locality: Somendenna, Lombardia Province, North Italy.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material:

V 469: Second molar.

 


Locality: S. Omobono, V. Imagna, Italy.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material:

V468: Posterior plate tooth.

 


Locality: Corni di Canzo, Lombardia Province, North Italy.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material:

V470: Posterior plate tooth.

 

PINNA, 1979

Locality: Monte Rena, Lombardia Province, North Italy.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Rhaetian Stage, Uppermost Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull.

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull.

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skeleton, and fragmentary armor.

Number: Not given: 10 fragmentary osteoderms.

 

PINNA, 1980

Locality: Near Endenna, Lombardia Province, North Italy.

Horizon: Zorzino Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Norian Stage, Upper Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

MBSN 1: Fragment of the dorsal armor.

 

 

PINNA & NOSOTTI, 1989

Museo di Storia Naturale di Milano Cat. n. V527: Skull and skeleton.

Museo Civico di Scienze Naturali di Bergamo Cat. n. 8358: dermal armor and fragmentary skeleton.

Museo Civico di Scienze Naturali di Bergamo Cat. n. 8359: Skeleton from the pelvis to tip of tail with some dermal armor.

PINNA, 1993

MCSNB 4884: Skull of a juvenile.

MCSNB V467: Posterior plate tooth.

MCSNB S699: Tooth.

 


Locality: Cene, Bergamo, Lombardia Province, North Italy.

Horizon: Zorzino Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Norian Stage, Upper Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

MCSNB 511: Tooth.

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Species: sculptata RIEPPEL, 2002
Etymology:
= Psephoderma sp HAAS, 1975

Holotype: HUJ-PAL T.R. 198

Locality: Makhtesh Ramon, Negev, Israel.

Horizon: Muschalkalk, Lower Member, Saharonim Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Anisian (middle or late Illyrian) or Early Ladinian (Fassanian), Mid Triassic Epoch, Middle Triassic.

Material: Fragmentary dorsal armor.

Referred material:

HUJ-PAL T.R. 207: Isolated osteoderms.

HUJ-PAL T.R. 929: Small carapace fragment.