Genus: Rutiodon EMMONS, 1856
Etymology:
= Palaeonornis EMMONS, 1857
Etymology:
= Rhytidiodon COPE, 1866 (sic)
= Rhytidodon COPE, 1866 (sic)
= Rhytiodin MEHL, 1915 (sic)
= Rhytiodon COPE, 1856 (sic)

Species: carolinense EMMONS, 1856
Etymology:
= Belodon carolinensis (EMMONS, 1856)
= Mystriosuchus carolinensis (EMMONS, 1856)
= Palaeosaurus carolinensis (EMMONS, 1856)
= Phytosaurus carolinensis (EMMONS, 1856)
= Rhytidodon carolinensis (EMMONS, 1856) (sic)
= Rhytiodin carolinensis(EMMONS, 1856) (sic)

Holotype: Unnumbered

Locality: Deep River coal field of North Carolina.

Horizon: Cumnock Formation, Newark Supergroup.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material: 5 teeth, vertebral centrum, vertebrae and ribs, neural spine, and a fragment of an interclavicale.

Referred specimens:

Unnumbered: Skull.

Neotype: USNM 214513

Locality: Gulf, Deep River Basin, Chatham County, North Carolina.

Horizon: Chatham Group, Newark Super Group.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

BAIRD & PATTERSON, 1968

Locality: Pomona Pipe Products Company Clay pit 1, 1/2 miles northeast of Gulf, Chatham County, North Carolina.

Horizon: Pekin Formation, Early Keuper, Newark Group.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Carnian Stage, Lower Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Teeth.

 

COLBERT, 1947

Locality: Egypt, Chatham County, North Carolina.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material:

AMNH No. 1: Skull missing tip of snout, some of the nasal and squmosal, dentary missing mid-section of mandible and surangualar and some of the angular, and most of skeleton.

 

 

COLBERT, 1965

Locality: Granton Quarry, North Bergen County, New Jersey.

Horizon: Ewing Creek Member, Lower Lockatong Formation, Newark Supergroup.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Carnian Stage, Lower Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

AMNH No. 5500: An almost complete skull, posterior portion of a mandibular ramus, a part of a vertebra, several scutes, other bone fragments and a Coprolite.

 


Locality: Germantown, Hyde County, North Carolina.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Femur.

 

DOYLE & SUES, 1995

Locality: Little Conewago Creek at Zions View, the State Museum of Pennsylvania locality 159, UTM 4434357N, 349333E, Gettysburg basin, York County, Pennsylvania.

Horizon: New Oxford Formation, Newark Super group.

Biostratigraphy: Zone 18.

Age: Late Carnian Stage, Lower Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

SMP VP-45: Dorsoventrally crushed skull lacking the skull roof anterior to orbits, the rostral end of the snout, the right side of the skull table, the mandible and most of the teeth.

 

GREGORY, 1962

Locality: Egypt, Chatham County, North Carolina.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material:

AMNH No. 2: Skull roof.

AMNH No. 3: Right temporal region.

AMNH No. 4: Part of rostrum from nares forward.

AMNH No. 5: Skull roof.

 

 

HUENE,

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

AMNH 2388: Posterior tooth.

 

HUNT, 1994

Locality: Fossil Garden, PEFO 085003 (UCMP V82252, PF98) (part of UCMP V7034), 6 to 8 m below? Sonsela Sandstone, Devil’s Playground Area, Petrified Forest, Apache County, Arizona.

Horizon: Lower Petrified Forest Formation, Chinle Group.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Latest Carnian Stage, Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

UCMP 27179: Small skull, nearly complete.

 

Locality: Blue Hills 1, (UCMP 7307 and 7308), 3 miles NE of St. Johns, Apache County, Arizona.

Horizon: Lower Petrified Forest Formation, Chinle Group.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Latest Carnian Stage, Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

UCMP 27159: Disarticulated skull.

 

WANNER, 1926

Locality: Along the Little Conewago Creek, Loc. 3, York County, Pennsylvania.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragmentary dentary.

 

Locality: Black Limestone and marl in the Phoenixville Tunnel, York County, Pennsylvania.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Carnian Stage, Lower Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Rib and teeth.

 

Locality: Loc. 6, Little Conewaga Creek, York County, Pennsylvania.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Rib.


Locality: Loc. 5, Little Conewaga Creek, York County, Pennsylvania.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Teeth.

 

Locality: Loc. 8, Little Conewaga Creek, York County, Pennsylvania.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Teeth.

 


Locality: Loc. 10, Little Conewaga Creek, York County, Pennsylvania.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Teeth.

 


Locality: Loc. 11, Little Conewaga Creek, York County, Pennsylvania.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Teeth.

 

= Palaeosaurus carolinensis EMMONS, 1856
Etymology:

Holotype: AMNH 2338

Horizon: Black limestone and marl in the Phoenixville tunnel, York County, Pennsylvania.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material: Middle Tooth.

 

= Palaeonornis struthionoides EMMONS, 1857
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Anson County, North Carolina.

Horizon: Pekin Formation, Early Keuper, Newark Group.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Carnian Stage, Lower Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material: Rostrum Fragment.

Referred material:

OLSEN, McCUNE & THOMSON, 1982

Locality: Cock fall along Lyons Cove, Kings County, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Horizon: Blomidon Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Norian Stage, Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

YPM 7920: Skull anterior to nares and several dorsal scutes.

 

WEEMS, 1979

Locality: Dulles International Airport, Culpeper Basin, Fairfax County, Virginia.

Horizon: Newark Super Group.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Posterior cervical vertebra, fragmentary dorsal vertebra, vertebral fragments, rib fragments and polygonal armor plates.

 

= Rutiodon manhattanensis HUENE, 1913
Etymology:
= Clepsysaurus manhattanensis HUENE, 1913

Holotype: AMNH 4991

Locality: Fort Lee on the right side of the Hudson River opposite New York, Bergen County, New Jersey.

Horizon: 20 feet below the thick sheet of basalt of the Palisades in a red sandy marl hardened by the overlying trap; hence near the base of the Newark Series.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material: 4 dorsal vertebrae, sacral vertebra, 4 anterior caudal vertebrae, haempophyses, ribs, abdominal ribs, ilium, ischium, pubis, femur, tibia, fibula, and dermal scutes.

Referred material:

Locality: York, Pennsylvania.

Horizon: Newark Group.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Triassic.

Material:

Princeton University, No. 11544: Teeth, last presacral vertebra, first sacral vertebra, left ilium, dermal scutes, and left femur.

 

BAIRD & PATTERSON, 1968

Locality: Pomona Pipe Products Company Clay pit 1 1'2 miles northeast of Gulf, Chatham County, North Carolina.

Horizon: Pekin Formation, Early Keuper, Newark Group.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Carnian Stage, Lower Late Triassic Epoch, Late Triassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Teeth.


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