Genus: Rhamphorhynchus MEYER, 1846
Etymology: Greek, rhamphos, "beak" and Greek, rhynchos, "beak or snout"; Beak-snout.
= Ornithopterus MEYER, 1846 (nomen dubium)
Etymology: Greek, ornithos, "bird" and Greek, pterus, "wing."
= Pteromonodactylus TERIAEV, 1967
Etymology: Greek, Ptero-, pteron, "wing," Greek, monos, "single" and Greek, dactylos, "finger."
= Ramphorhynchus MEYER, 1847 (sic)
= Rhamphorhynchys RAO & SHAH, 1982? (sic)

Species: muensteri (GOLDFUSS, 1831) MEYER, 1836 emened LYDEKKER, 1888
Etymology: In honor of Graf Munster, who first described Pterodactylus longicaudus, which was referred to a new genus, Rhamphorhynchus.
= Ornithocephalus münsteri GOLDFUSS, 1831 (incorrect original spelling)
= Pterodactylus münsteri (GOLDFUSS, 1831) MEYER, 1832 (incorrect original spelling)
= Rhamphorhynchus münsteri (GOLDFUSS, 1831) MEYER, 1846 (incorrect original spelling)

Holotype: BSP Inv. Nr. 1964 XXIV 121

Locality: Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Skull and skeleton.

Referred material:

AZUMA, 2005

Locality: Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

JME-SOS 2819: Skull and skeleton.

 

HUENE, 1914

Locality: Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Jurassic.

Material:

CM 11434 (example 59 of Wellnhofer, 1973, 1975): Fragmentary skull.

LYDEKKER, 1888

Locality: Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

BMNH 43004: Skull and fragmentary skeleton.

BMNH 42738: Fragmentary skeleton.

BMNH 39353: Cast of BMNH 42738.

BMNH R300: Fragmentary skeleton and impression of wing membrane.

 

FRICKHINGER, 1999, TISCHLINGER & FREY, 2002

Private collection: Complete skull and fragmentary skeleton missing last third of tail with wing impressions.

GROSS, 1937

SFF. Inv. Nr. R 4128: Skeleton and skull.

WANDERER, 1908

Number not given: Skeleton.

ZITTEL, 1882

BS, Inv. Nr. 1867 II 2: Skull, dorsal vertebrae.

BS, Inv. Nr. AS I 771: Humerus radius, ulna, carpus, metacarpus, 3 phalanages, 1 wing finger.

NR. 1943: Skull and skeleton.

Palaontologisches Institut und Museum der Unversitat Zurich, Nr. A/III 107: Skull and skeleton.

Geologisch-Palaontologisches Institut und Museum der Universitat Kiel: Skull and skeleton.

Hessiches Landesmuseum Darmstadt Nr. V 432: Skull and skeleton.

Teyler-Museum, Holland, Inv. Nr. 6920/6921: Skull and skeleton.

 

DODERLEIN, 1929

Locality: Schernfeld, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

BS, Inv. Nr. 1907 I 37: 4 dorsal vertebrae, humeri, radius, ulna, carpus, metacarpus, wing finger and ungual, femora, tibia, skull.

HONE, HENDERSON, THERRIEN, & HABIB, 2015

RTMP 2008.41.001: Skull and skeleton. Note: Impressions of both brachiopatagia and a tail vane, and some traces of the uropatagium. Also, the abdomen preservs gut contents of an indeterminate vertebrate and there is also a pair of masses of material posterior to the pelvis interpreted as a coprolite.

 

FREY & TISCHLINGER, 2012

Locality: A plattenkalk quarry NW of the town of Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen Lithographic Limestone.

Biostratigraphy: Hybonotum Zone, Riedense Subzone.

Age: Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

WDC CSG 255: Skull and skeleton.

Note: Has fish remains in its stomach area, a fish (?Leptolepides) in its pharynx. and a large Aspidorhynchus bitting the pterosaur's wing.

KREMMLING, 1912

Locality: Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Skeleton and skull.

 

= 'Rhamphorhynchus gracilis' (nomen nudum) Dublin records, HONE, 2012 (referred this specimen to Rhamphorhynchus muensteri

Locality: Solnhofen, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen Lithographic Limestone.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

NMINH F 10172: Fragmentary skull and skeleton.

 

LYDEKKER, 1888

Locality: Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

BMNH Nr. 37787: Fragmentary skeleton, sternum, scapula, coracoid, sacral vertebrae, 43 caudals, wing phalanages.

 

OSI & PRONDVAI, 2009

Locality: The excat locality of the specimen is unknown, but based on the embedding matrix, the specimen was undoubtedly collected from the Lithographic Limestone of the Solnhofen area, Altmühl-Alb, southern Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Earliest Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

MTM V 2008.33.1: Skull and nearly complete skeleton.

 

WOODWARD, 1902

Locality: Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

BMNH Nr. 2786: Skull.

 

Locality: Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Burgermeister-Muller-Museum: Fragmentary skull and skeleton.

Museum fur Naturkunde an der Humbolt University: Skull and skeleton.

Bayerische Stattssammlung Munchen

BSM Nr. 1955 I 28: Skull and skeleton.

BSM Nr. 1927 I 36: Skull and skeleton.

 


Locality: Workerzell near Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Philosophisch-Thelogische Hochschule Eichstatt, Fr. 1954. 39b: Skeleton and skull.

Note: With fish elements in the stomach region.

 


Locality: Schernfeld, Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Private collection XAVER SCHOPFEL: Skeleton.

Private collection XAVER SCHOPFEL: Skull and skeleton

 

Locality: Langenaltheim, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Museum Beim Solenhofer Aktienverein, Maxberg near Solnhofen: Skeleton.

Private collection of Willibaldsburg: Skeleton.

 

 

Locality: Muhlheim, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Museum Beim Solnhofener Aktienverein, Maxberg near Solnhofen: Skull and skeleton.

 

Locality: Solnhofen, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

PU 11 984: Skeleton.

CM 11429 (example 53 of Wellnhofer, 1973, 1975): Skeleton.

CM 11431 (example 56 of Wellnhofer, 1973, 1975),CM 11427 (example 59 of Wellnhofer, 1973, 1975): Skulls and skeletons.

 


Locality: Nusplingen, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Nusplinger Formation, Malm Zeta 1.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Ubersichstabelle: Skull and skeleton.

 


Locality: Blumenberg near Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Private collection EDWARD SCHOPFEL: Skeleton.

HOFFMAN, BESTWICK, BERNDT, BERTNDT, FUCHS & KLUG, 2020

PIMUZ 37358: Tooth.

Note: The tooth is imbedded into a specimen of Plesioteuthis subovata.

 


Locality: Wintershof near Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Private collection EDWARD SCHOPFEL: Fragmentary skeleton.

Private collection EDWARD SCHOPFEL: Skeleton.

 


Locality: Birkhof near Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Private collection of Willibaldsburg Eichstatt: Skeleton.

 

= Rhamphorhynchus suevicus FRAAS, 1855 (nomen dubium)
Etymology: In honor of the Suevi, an old Germanic race.
= Rhamphorhynchus cf. muensteri WELLNHOFER, 1975

Holotype: Museum für Naturkunde in Stuttgart, Ludwigsburg.

Locality: Nusplingen, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Nusplinger Formation, Malm Zeta 1.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Skull and skeleton.

 

= Pterodactylus (Rhamphorhynchus) hirundinaceus WAGNER, 1857 (nomen dubium)
Etymology: Greek, hirundo, and aceus, “swallow-like in nature”: in reference to the extant avian theropod, the swallow.
= Pterodactylus hirundinaceus (WAGNER, 1857) WAGNER, 1858 (nomen dubium)

Holotype:?

Locality:?

Horizon:?

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:?

 

= Rhamphorhynchus curtimanus WAGNER, 1858
Etymology: Latin, curtus, “shorten” and Latin, manus, “hand.”

Holotype:?

Locality:?

Horizon:?

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:?

 

= Rhamphorhynchus longimanus WAGNER, 1858
Etymology: Latin, longus, “long” and Latin, manus, “hand.”

Holotype: BS., Inv. nr. AS VI 34

Locality: Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Skeleton.

 

= Rhamphorhynchus meyeri OWEN, 1870
Etymology: In honor of Hermann von Meyer.

Holotype: BMNH Nr. 37003

Locality: Pappenheim, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Dentary, dorsal, sacral, caudal vertebrae, ribs, and nearly complete hind legs.

 

= Rhamphorhynchus phyllurus MARSH, 1882
Etymology: Greek, filluros/phyllos, “leaf” and Greek, oura, “tail.”
= Pteromonodactylus phyllurus (MARSH, 1882) TERIAEV, 1967

Holotype: YPM 1778

Locality: Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Skull and skeleton showing wing membrane.

CM 54 (cast of type).

From Seeley, 1901.

 

= Rhamphorhynchus megadactylus KOEINGSWALD, 1931
Etymology: Greek, megas, “huge, powerful” and Greek, dactylus, “finger.”

Holotype: BS., Nr. 1929 I 69

Locality: Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Skull and skeleton, missing tail.

 

= Rhamphorhynchus carnegiei KOH, 1937
Etymology: In honor of Andrew Carnegie, the founder of the Carnegie Institution, and in recognition of his interest in vertebrate paleontology

Holotype: CM 11432 (example 54 of Wellnhofer, 1973, 1975)

Locality: Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Fragmentary skeleton.

Referred material:

AMMON, 1909

Locality: Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

BSM, Nr. AS i 772: Skeleton and skull.

 

= Pterodactylus (Rhamphorhynchus) gemmingi MEYER, 1846
Etymology: Latin, gemma, “precious stone.”
= Ornithocephalus gemmingi (MEYER, 1846) WAGNER, 1851
= Rhamphorhynchus gemmingi (MEYER, 1846) MEYER, 1859

Holotype: TM. 6922/6923

Locality: Solnhofen, Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Lithographic Shale, Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Missing most of the skull, dentary, 3 cervical, dorsal, sacral and caudal vertebrae, scapula, coracoids, humeri, ulnae, radii, metacarapals and phalanges, pelvis, femora, tibia and metacarpals.

Referred material:

ANONYMOUS, 1994

National Museums of Scotland, NMS: Skull and nearly complete skeleton with wing impressions.

LYDEKKER, 1888

BMNH 49151: Fragmentary skeleton.

BMNH 37362: Skull and skeleton.

BMNH 37003: Mandible and skeleton.

BMNH 37787: Fragmentary skeleton.

SECHER, 1997

Nearly complete specimen to be sold at auction.

 

FRICKHINGER, 1994

Locality: Blumenberg, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Bayerischen Staatssammlung fur Palaontologie, Munchen: Skull and skeleton with wing impressions.

 

Locality: Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Bayerische Staatssammlung fur Palaontologie Munchen: Skull and skeleton.

BMNH Skull and fragmentary skeleton.

Museum Berger, Harthof: Skull and skeleton of a juvenile.

GILMORE, 1906

USNM 2420: Skull and skeleton and wing membrane.

DOEDERLEIN, 1929

Number not given: Skull and skeleton.

MEYER, 1859

Geologisch-Palaontologisches Institut der Universitat Heidelberg, Inv. Nr. MYE 13: Skull and skeleton.

WOODWARD, 1902

Burgermeister-Muller-Museum: Skull and skeleton.

Geologisch-Palaontologisches Institut der Universtat Heidelberg WLL. 1: Skull and skeleton.

 

GROSS, 1937

Locality:

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

R 4125: Skull and skeleton.

R 4128: Tip of Tail.

 

LYDEKKER 1888

Locality: Steinbruche, near Solnhofen, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Kimmeridgian Stage, Middle Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

BMNH R231: Fragmentary skull and mandible.

 

LYDEKKER 1890

Locality: Winterberg, near Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

BMNH R1692: Left wing and impressions.

ZITTEL, 1882

 

WOODWARD, 1902

Locality: Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Lithographic Stone, Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skeleton and scattered skull.

 

WOODWARD, 1902

Locality: Langenaltheim, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Philosophisch-Theologische Hochschule Eichstatt: Skull and skeleton.

 


Locality: Wintershof near Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Private collection of EDUARD SCHOPFEL: Skeleton.

 

= Ornithopterus lavateri (MEYER, 1838) 1859/1860 (referred material, nomen dubium)
(example no. 75 of Wellnhofer, 1975)

Locality: Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Lithographic Shale, Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Geologisch-Palaontologisches Institut der Univrsitat Heidelberg, Inv. Nr. MYE 13: Skull and skeleton.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: longicaudus (MÜNSTER, 1839) MEYER, 1860
Etymology: Latin, longus, “long” and Latin, cauda, “tail.”
= Pterodactylus longicaudus MÜNSTER, 1839
= Rhamphorhynchus (Odontorhynchus) longicaudus (MÜNSTER, 1839) STOLLEY, 1936
= Ornithocephalus longicaudus (MÜNSTER, 1839) WAGNER, 1851
= Rhamphorhynchus longicaudatus AMMON, 1884 (sic)
= Pterodactylus (Rhamphorhynchus) longicaudus (MÜNSTER, 1839) MEYER, 1846
= Odontorhynchus longicaudus (STOLLEY, 1936) OLSHEVSKY, 1978

Holotype: TM, Nr. 6924

Locality: Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen, Malm Zeta 2.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Skull and skeleton.

Referred material:

BROILI, 1927

BS. Nr. 1889 XI 1: Carpus, 16 dorsal, 3 sacral, 40 caudal vertebrae.

LYDEKKER 1888

BMNH 37361: Cast of type.

= Rhamphorhynchus (Pterodactylus) longicaudus (MÜNSTER, 1839) MEYER, 1847MEYER, 1847

Material: Skeleton.

MEYER, 1860

TM., Nr. 6930: Isolated sacral vertebrae, ilium and caudal vertebrae.

WAGNER, 1861

Museum fur Naturkunde an der Humbold-Universitat Berlin: Skull.

ZITTEL, 1882

BSM, Inv. Nr. 1877 X 1: Skull and skeleton.

BSM Nr. 1960 I 470, BSM Nr. 1938 I 503: Skeletons.

Burgermeister-MULLER-Museum: Skull.

Museum fur Naturkund an der Humbolt-Universitat Berlin: Fragmentary small skeleton.

Private collection JURGEN SCHMITT: Skeleton and skull.

 

 

AMMON, 1884

Locality: Kelheim, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Lithographic limestone, Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Private collection of Naturwissenschftlichen Vereins Regsburg: Skull and skeleton.

 


Locality: Zandt, near Denkendorf, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

BS., Nr. 1959 I 400: Skull and skeleton

 


Locality: Birkhof near Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Private collection of Willibaldsburg: Skull and skeleton.

 


Locality: Blumenberg near Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Museum BERGER, Harthof near Eichstatt: 2 skulls and skeletons.

 

LEICH, 1968

Locality: Schernfeld near Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Private collection HELMUT LEICH, Bochum Nr. 010: Skeleton.

 

WIMAN, 1925

Localities and horizons not given.

Palaontolgisches Institut der Universitat Uppsala, Sweden.: Skeleton.

Philosphisch-Theologische Hochshule Eichstatt, Nr. 1966, 6: Skull and skeleton.

Burgermeister-MULLER-Museum: Skeleton.

Number: Not given: Skull, fragmentary skeleton.

CM 11433 (example 21 of Wellnhofer, 1973, 1975): Skull and skeleton.

Mineralogisk Museum Kopehangen, Inv. Nr. V. 45/1: Skull and skeleton.

Mineralogisk Museum Kopehangen, Inv. Nr. 1891.740: Humerus, ulna, radius, metacarpus, carpus, finger.

 

WIMAN, 1929

Locality:?

Horizon:?

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

Number: Not given: Skeleton.

 

 

 

= Rhamphorhynchus intermedius KOH, 1937
Etymology: Latin, inter, “between” and Latin, medius, “middle.”

Holotype: BSM 1934 I 36

Locality: Langenaltheim, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Skull and skeleton.

Referred material:

WELLNHOFER, 1975

Private collection of KARL STROBI: Skull and skeleton.

Note: With fish elements from the stomach region.

Private collection of JURGEN SCHMITT: Skull and skeleton.

Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt: R 4185

 


Locality: Wintershof near Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Philosphisch-Theologische Hochschul Eichstatt: Skull and skeleton with wing membrane.

After Wellnhofer, 1975


Locality: Solnhofen, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Katedra Geologie Paleontologie der Universitat Brunn (CSSR) 554: Skeleton.

 


Locality: Workerzell near Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

BMNH 42738: Skull and skeleton.

 


Locality: Muhlheim, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Philosophisch-Theologische Hochschule Eichstatt, 1951.14: Skeleton.

 


Locality: Zandt, near Denkendorf, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Geologisches Institut der Universitat Erlangen, 115a: Humerus, radius, ulna, carpus, metacarpus, wing finger.

 

FRICKHINGER, 1999

Locality: Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Naturhistorisches Museum Wien: Complete skull and skeleton.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: longiceps WOODWARD, 1902
Etymology: Latin, longus, “long” and Latin, –ceps, “head.”

Holotype: BMNH 37002

Locality: Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen, Malm Zeta 2.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Skull.

After Wellnhofer, 1975

Referred material:

 

= Rhamphorhynchus kokeni PLIENINGER, 1907
Etymology: In honor of Koken.

Holotype: Institut und Museum fur Geologie und Palaontologie der Universitat, Tubingen.

Locality: Nusplingen, Baden-Wurttemberg State, Germany.

Horizon: Nusplinger Formation, Malm Zeta 1.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Skull and skeleton.

After Wellnhofer, 1975

Referred material:

Locality: Solnhofen, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

CM 11428 (example 83 of Wellnhofer, 1973, 1975): Skull and skeleton.

 


Locality: Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Museum Berger, Harthof near Eichstatt: Skull and skeleton.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: etchesi O’SULLIVAN & MARTILL, 2015
Etymology: In honor of Mr. Steve Etches, one of the most prolific Jurassic fossil collectors in England and collections manager of MJML K.

Holotype: MJML K-1597

Locality: Kimmeridge, Dorset County, England, Southern United Kingdom.

Horizon: Kimmeridge Clay.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Tithonian Stage, Middle Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Associated elements from a left and right wing.