Genus: Scaphognathus WAGNER, 1861
Etymology: Greek, skaphe, "boat or tub" and Greek, gnathos, "jaw"; in reference to the blunt shape of the lower jaws.
= Brachytrachelus GIEBEL, 1852 (nomen oblitum)
Etymology: Greek, brakhys, “snout” and Greek, trakhelos, “neck”.
= Jianchangnathus CHENG, WANG, JIANG & KELLNER, 2012
Etymology: In refernce to Jianchang County, Liaoning Province, China, where the specimen was located, and Greek, gnathus, "jaw."
= Pachyramphus FITZINGER, 1843 (nomen oblitum)
= Pachyrhamphus LYDEKKER, 1888 (sic)
Etymology: Greek, pakhys, “thick” and Greek, rhamphos, "beak."
= Pycnorhamphus ZITTEL, 1882 (sic)

Species: crassirostris (GOLDFUSS, 1831) WAGNER, 1861
Etymology: Latin, crassus, “thick” and Latin, rostrum, “beak.”
= Pterodactylus crassirostris GOLDFUSS, 1831
= Brachytrachelus crassirostris (GOLDFUSS, 1831) GIEBEL, 1852
= Ornithocephalus crassirostris (GOLDFUSS, 1831) WAGNER, 1851
= Pachyramphus crassirostris (GOLDFUSS, 1831) FITZINGER, 1843
= Rhamphorhynchus crassirostris (GOLDFUSS, 1831) WAGNER, 1858

Holotype: Geologisch-Palaontologisches Instiut der Universitat Bonnn, 1304

Locality: Eichstatt, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material: Skull and skeleton.

From Seeley, 1901.

Referred material:

FRICKHINGER, 1999

Private collection: Complete skull and skeleton.

 


Locality: Muhlheim, Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

Museum an Solnhofer Aktienverein, Maxberg: Skull and skeleton of a juvenile.

 

LYDEKKER, 1888

Locality: Bayern (Bavaria) State, Germany.

Horizon: Solnhofen.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic.

Material:

BMNH 43468: Cast of a split slab with fragmentary skull and skeleton.

B3437: Cast of skull.

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Species: robustus (CHENG, WANG, JIANG & KELLNER, 2012) BENNETT, 2014
Etymology: In refernce to Jianchang County, where the specimen was located, and Greek, gnathus, 'jaw'.

= Jianchangnathus robustus CHENG, WANG, JIANG & KELLNER, 2012
Etymology: Latin, robustus, "strong"; in allustion to the powerful jaws of this species.

Holotype: IVPP V16866

Locality: Linglongta, Jianchang County, Western Liaoning Province, China.

Horizon: Daohugou Bed (Formation) or Tiaojishan Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous.

Material:  

Referred materal:

ZHOU, 2014

Locality: Near Daxishan Village, Huludao City, Linglongta, 40°52.210'N, 119°59.297'E, Jiangchang County, Western Liaoning Province, China.

Horizon: Tiaojishan Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous.

Material:

PMOL-AP00028: Nearly complete skull.