MAGNORDER: SQUAMATA, OPPEL, 1811
= SUPERORDER: SQUAMATA OPPEL, 1811
= ORDER: SQUAMATA OPPEL, 1811
= STEREPTOSTYLICA COPE, 1898
= SUPERCOHORT: SQUAMATA WILEY, 1979

SUPERORDER: LACERTILIA OWEN, 1842

GRANDORDER: SCINCOGEKKONOMORPHA SUKHANOV, 1961

MICRORDER: SCINCOMORPHA CAMP, 1923

ORDER: ANGUIMORPHA FURBRINGER, 1900

SUBORDER: PYTHONOMORPHA COPE, 1898

INFRAORDER: OPHIDIOMORPHA PALCI & CLADWELL, 2007

Family: Indeterminate

Incertae sedis

Gen. sp indet

PARVORDER: OPHIDIA BRONGNIART, 1800
= ORDER: ANGUISAURI COPE, 1890

Incertae sedis

Genus: Sesimophis HSIOU, ALBINO, MEDEIROS, & SANTOS, 2014
S. septentrionalis HSIOU, ALBINO, MEDEIROS, & SANTOS, 2014 (Type)

Genus: Tetrapodophis MARTILL, TISCHLINGER, & LONGRICH, 2015
T. amplectus MARTILL, TISCHLINGER, & LONGRICH, 2015 (Type)

Family: PACHYRHACIDAE emend Caldwell & Lee, 1997

Genus: Eupodophis RAGE & ESCUILLIE, 2002 = Podophis RAGE & ESCUILLIE, 2000 non Wiegmann, 1843
E. descouensi (RAGE & ESCUILLIE, 2000) RAGE & ESCUILLIE, 2002 (Type)
= Podophis descouensi RAGE & ESCUILLIE, 2000

Genus: Haaisophis TCHERNOV, RIEPPEL, ZAHER, POLCYN & JACOBS, 2000
H. terrasanctus TCHERNOV, RIEPPEL, ZAHER, POLCYN & JACOBS, 2000 (Type)

Genus: Mesophis BOLKAY, 1925
M. nopcsai BOLKAY, 1925 (Type)

Genus: Pachyophis NOPCSA, 1923
P. woodwardi NOPCSA, 1923 (Type)

Genus: Pachyrhachis HAAS, 1979
= Estesius WALLACH, 1984
= Ophiomorphus HAAS, 1980
P. problematicus HAAS, 1979 (Type)
= Ophiomorphus colberti HAAS, 1980
= Estesius colberti (HAAS, 1980) WALLACH, 1984

Genus: Nova DAL SASSO & RENESTO, 1999

Family: CHOLOPHIDIA Nopcsa, 1923

Gen. Sp indet.

Superfamily: SERPENTES Linnaeus, 1759
= SUPERORDER: SERPENTES LINNAEUS, 1759
= ORDER: SERPENTES LINNAEUS, 1759

Incertae sedis

Genus: Diablophis CLADWELL, NYDAM, PALCI & APESTEGUIA, 2015
D. gilmorei (EVANS, 1996) CLADWELL, NYDAM, PALCI & APESTEGUIA, 2015 (Type)
= Parviraptor gilmorei EVANS, 1996

Genus: Eophis CLADWELL, NYDAM, PALCI & APESTEGUIA, 2015
E. underwoodi CLADWELL, NYDAM, PALCI & APESTEGUIA, 2015 (Type)

Genus: Najash APESTEGUIA & ZAHER, 2006
N. rionegrina APESTEGUIA & ZAHER, 2006 (Type)

Genus: Parviraptor EVANS, 1994
P. estesi EVANS, 1994 (Type)
P. sp

Genus: Portugalophis CLADWELL, NYDAM, PALCI & APESTEGUIA, 2015
P. lignites CLADWELL, NYDAM, PALCI & APESTEGUIA, 2015 (Type)

Gen. sp indet

Family: CONIOPHEIDAE Hoffstetter, 1955

Genus: Coniophis MARSH, 1892
C. precedens MARSH, 1892 (Type)
C. cosgriffi ARMSTRONG-ZIEGLER, 1978
C. dabiebus RAGE & WERNER, 1999
C. sp

Gen. sp indet.

Family: ALETHINOPHIDAE Nopcsa, 1923 emend
= SUBORDER: ALETHINOPHIDIA NOPCSCA, 1923

Incertae sedis

Gen. sp indet.

Subfamily: SIMOLIOPHENOINAE Nopcsa, 1925
= Superfamily: SIMOLIOPHEOIDEA Nopcsa, 1925

Infrafamily: LAPPARENTOPHINIAE Hoffstetter, 1968
= Family: LAPPARENTOPHEIDAE Hoffstetter, 1968

Genus: Lapparentophis HOFFSTETTER, 1960
L. defrennei HOFFSTETTER, 1960 (Type)

Genus: Pouitella RAGE, 1988
P. pervetus RAGE, 1988 (Type)
P. sp

Gen. sp indet.

Infrafamily: SIMOLIOPHEIINAE Nopcsa, 1925
= Family: SIMOLIOPHEIDAE Nopcsa, 1925

Genus: Simoliophis SAUVAGE, 1880
S. rochebrunei SAUVAGE, 1880 (Type)
= Simoliophis delgadoi SAUVAGE, 1898
S. libycus NESOV, ZHEGALLO & AVERIANOV, 1998
S. sp

Gen. sp indet.

Family: ANILIIDAE Fitzenger, 1826

Genus: Australophis GOMEZ, BAEZ, & ROUGIER, 2008
A. anilioides GOMEZ, BAEZ, & ROUGIER, 2008 (Type)

Subfamily: ANILIODINAE Fitzinger, 1826
= Superfamily: ANILIODEA Fitzinger, 1826

Infrafamily: ANILIINAE Fitzinger, 1926
= Family: ANILIIDAE Fitzenger, 1826
= Family: ILYSIIDAE Fitzinger, 1826
(pipe snakes and coral pipe snakes)

Subfamily: BOOIDINAE Gray, 1825
= Superfamily: BOOIDEA Gray, 1825
(Boas and Pythons)

Infrafamily: DINILYSIINEA Romer, 1956
= Family: DINILYSIIDAE Romer, 1956

Genus: Dinilysia WOODWARD, 1901
D. patagonica WOODWARD, 1901 (Type)

Gen. sp indet.

Infrafamily: BOOINIEA Gray, 1925
= Family: BOOIDAE Gray, 1825

Incertae sedis

Gen. sp indet.

Tribe: MATSOIINI Hoffstetter, 1961
= Subfamily: MADTSOIINAE Hoffstetter, 1961
= Family: MADTSOIIDAE Hoffstetter, 1961

Genus: Alamitophis ALBINO, 1987
A. argentinus ALBINO, 1987 (Type)
A. elongatus ALBINO, 1994

Genus: Herensugea RAGE, 1996
H. caristiorum RAGE, 1996 (Type)

Genus: Madtsoia SIMPSON, 1933
M. madagascariensis HOFFSTETTER, 1961 (Not type)
M. laurasiae RAGE, 1996
M. pisdurensis MOHABEY, HEAD & WILSON, 2011

Genus: Menarana LADUKE, KRAUSE, SCANLON & KLEY, 2010
M. nosymena LADUKE, KRAUSE, SCANLON & KLEY, 2010 (Type)

Genus: Nidophis VASILE, CSIKI-SAVA & VENCZEL, 2013
N. insularis VASILE, CSIKI-SAVA & VENCZEL, 2013 (Type)

Genus: Patagoniophis ALBINO, 1986
P. parvus ALBINO, 1986 (Type)

Genus: Rionegrophis ALBINO, 1987
R. madtsoioides ALBINO, 1987 (Type)

Genus: Sanajeh WILSON, MOHABEY, PETERS & HEAD, 2010
S. indicus WILSON, MOHABEY, PETERS & HEAD, 2010 (Type)

Genus: Nova GAYET, MARSHALL, SEMPERE, MEUNIER, CAPPETTA & RAGE, 2001

Genus: Nova GOMEZ & BAEZ, 2006

Gen. sp indet.

? BOIDAE OR MADTSOIIDAE

Gen. sp indet.

Family; ACROCHORDOIDAE Bonaparte, 1838
= Superfamily: ACROCHORDOIDEA Bonaparte, 1838
(Wart or File snakes)

Subfamily: ?NIGEROPHEINAE Rage, 1975
= Family: ?NIGEROPHEIDAE Rage, 1975

Genus: Indophis RAGE & PRASAD, 1992
I. sahnii RAGE & PRASAD, 1992 (Type)

Genus: Kelyophis LADUKE, KRAUSE, SCANLON & KLEY, 2010
K. hechti LADUKE, KRAUSE, SCANLON & KLEY, 2010 (Type)

Genus: Nubianophis RAGE & WERNER, 1999
N. afaahus RAGE & WERNER, 1999 (Type)

Gen. sp indet.

Subfamily: PALAEOPHINAE Lydekker, 1888
= Family: PALAEOPHIDAE Lydekker, 1888

Genus: Palaeophis
P. sp RAGE & WOOTERS, 1979

Gen. sp indet.

Family: COLUBROIDAE Oppel, 1811
= Superfamily: COLUBROIDEA Oppel, 1811

Subfamily: RUSSELLOPHEINAE Rage, 1978
= Family: RUSSELLOPHEIDAE Rage, 1978

Genus: Krebsophis RAGE & WERNER, 1999
K. thobanus RAGE & WERNER, 1999 (Type)

Incertae sedis

Gen. sp indet.

Bibliography

Bibliography for taxa list

_____________________________________________________________________________________

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Albino, A. M., 1987, The Late Cretaceous Fauna of Los Alamitos, Patagonia, Argentina. Part V-The Ophidians: Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" in Instituto Nacional de Investagacion de Las Ciencias Naturales, Pleontologia, Tomo III, No. 3, p.142-146.

Apesteguia, S., and Zaher, H., 2006, A Cretaceous terrestrial snake with robust hindlimbs and a sacrum: Nature, v. 440, p. 1037-1040.

Armstrong-Ziegler, J. G., 1978, An Aniliid Snake and Associated Vertebrates from the Campanian of New Mexico: Journal of Paleontology, v. 52, n. 2, p. 480-483.

B

Bokay, St. J., Dr, 1925, Mesophis nopcsai n. g. n. sp., ein neues, schlangenahnliches Reptil aus der unteren Kreide (Neocom) von Bilek-Selista (ost-Hercegovina): Glasnik Zemaljskog Muzeja und Bosni i Hercegovini, Sarajevo, v. 37, p. 125-136.

G

Gomez, R. O., and Baez, A. M., 2006, A new matsoiid snake (Squamata, Ophidia) from the Upper Cretaceous of Patagonia: In: XXII Jornadas Argentinas de Paleontologia de Vertebrados, Ameghiniana, Revista de la Asociacion Paleontologica Argentina, Resumes, v. 43, n. 4, suplemento, p. 40R.

Gomez, R. O., Baez, A. M., and Rougier, G. W., 2008, An anilioid snake from the Upper Cretaceous of northern Patagonia: Cretaceous Research, v. 29, p. 481-488.

H

Haas, G., 1979, On a new Snakelike Reptile from the Lower Cenomanian of Ein Jabrud, near Jerusalem: Bulletion du museum National d'Historie Naturelle, Paris, 4th Series, n. 1, p. 51-64.

Haas, G., 1980, Pachyrhachis problematicus Haas, snakelike Reptile from the lower Cenomanian: ventral view of the skull: Bulletion du museum National d'Historie Naturelle, Paris, 4th series, n. 2, p. 87-104.

Haas, G., 1980, Remarks on a New Ophiomorph Reptile from the Lower Cenomanian of Ein Jabrud, Israel: Aspects of Vertebrate History, Essays In Honor of Edwin Harris Colbert, Louis L. Jacobs, Editor, p. 177-192.

Hoffstetter, R., 1960, Un Serpent terrestre dans le Cretace inferieur du Sahara: Bulletin de la societie geologiques de France, v. 7, n. 1, p. 897-902.

Hoffstetter, R., 1961, Nuveaux restes d'un serpent Boide (Madtsoia madagascariensis nov. sp.) dans le Cretace Superieur de Madagascar: Bulletion du museum National d'Historie Naturelle, Paris, Serie 2, Tome 33, n. 2, p. 152-160.

Hsiou, A. S., Albino, A. M., Medeiros, M. A., and Santos, R. A. B., 2014, The oldest Brazilian snakes from the Cenomanian (early Late Cretaceous): Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, v. 59, n. 3, p. 635-642.

L

Laduke, T. C., Krause, D. W., Scanlon, J. D., and Kley, N. J., 2010, A Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) snake assemblage from the Maevarano Formation, Mahjanga Basin, Madagascar: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 30, n. 1, p. 109-138.

M

Marsh, O. C., 1892, Descriptions of new reptiles from the Laramie Formation: American Journal of Science, 3rd series, v. 43, p. 450.

Martill, D. M., Tischlinger, H., and Longrich, N. R., 2015, A four-legged snake from the Early Cretaceous of Gondwana: Science, v. 349, p. 416-419.

Mohabey, D. M., Head, J. J., and Wilson, J. A., 2011, A new species of the snake Madtsoia from the Upper Cretaceous of India and its paleobiogographic implications: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 31, n. 3, p. 588-595.

N

Nesov, L. A., Zhegallo V. I., and Averianov A. O., 1998, A new locality of Late Cretaceous snakes, mammals and other vertebrates in Africa (western Libya): Annales de Paleontologie, v. 84, n. 3-4, p. 265-274.

Nopcsa, F., 1923, Eidolosaurus und Pachyophis Zwei neue neocom-Reptilien: Palaeontographica, v. 65, p. 97-154.

R

Rage, J-C., 1977, La position phyletique de Dinilysia patagonica, Serpent du Cretace superieur: Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des Sciences Paris, tomo 284, p. 1765-1768.

Rage, J.-C., 1982, La phylogenie des Lepidosauriens (Reptilia): une approche cladistique: Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des Sciences Paris, tomo 294, p. 399-402.

Rage, J-C., 1984, Serpentes: Handbuch der Palaoherpetologie, Teli 11, p. 1-80.

Rage, J-C., 1988, Un serpent primitif (Reptilia, Squamata) dans le Cenomanien (Base du Cretace superieur): Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des Sciences Paris, tomo 307, serie 2, p. 1027-1032.

Rage, J-C., 1996, Les Madtsoiidae (Reptilia, Serpentes) du Cretace superieur d’Europe: temoins gondwaniens d’une dispersion transt ethysienne: Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des Sciences Paris, tomo 322, series 2, p. 603-608.

Rage, J-C., and Escuillie, F., 2000, Un nouveau serpent bipede du Cenomanien (Cretace). Implications phyletiques: Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des Sciences Paris, v. 330, p. 513-520.

Get Rage, J. C., and Escuillie, F., 2002, Eupodophis, new name for the genus Podophis Rage and Escuillie, 2000, an extinct bipedal snake, preoccupied by Podophis Wiegmann, 1843 (Lacertilia, Scincidae): Amphibia-Reptilia, Leyden, v. 23, p. 232-233.

Rage, J-C., and Prasad. G. V. R., 1992, New snakes from the late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) of Naskal, India: Neües Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaontologie, Abh. v. 187, n. 1, p. 83-97

Rage, J.-C., and Werner C., 1999, Mid-Cretaceous (Cenomanian) snakes from Wadi Abu Hashim, Sudan: the earliest snake assemblage: Palaeontographica africana,v. 35, p. 85-110.

Rage, J-C, and Wouters, G., 1979, Decouverte du plus ancien Palaeopheide (Reptilia, Serpentes) dans la Maestrichtien du Maroc: Geobios, n. 12, fascile 2, p. 293-296.

S

Sauvage, H. E., 1880, Sur l’existence d’un Reptile du type ophidien dans les couches a Ostrea columba des Charentes: Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des Sciences Paris, v. 91, p. 671-672.

Simpson, G. G., 1933, A new fossil snake from the Notostylops beds of Patagona: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 67, n. 1, p. 1-22.

T

Tchernov, E., Rieppel O., Zaher H., Polcyn M. J., and Jacobs L. L., 2000, A fossil snake with limbs: Science, v. 287, p. 2010-2012.

V

Vasile, S., Ciski-Sava, Z., and Venczel, M., 2013, A new matsoiid snake from the Upper Cretaceous of the Hateg Basin, Western Romania: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 33, n. 5, p. 1100-1119.

W

Wallach, V., 1984, A new name for Ophiomorphus colberti Haas, 1980: Journal of Herpetology, v. 18, p. 329.

Wiley, E. O., 1979, Ventral gill arch muscles and the interrelationships of gnathostomes, with a new classification of the Vertebrata: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, v. 67, p. 149-179.

Wilson, J. A., Mohabey, D. M,. Peters, S. E., and Head, J. J,. 2010, Predation upon hatchling dinosurs by a new snake from the Late Cretaceous of India: Public Library of Science (PLOS) Biology, v. 8, issue 3, 10 pp.

Woodward, A. S., 1901, On some Extinct Reptiles from Patagonia, of the genera Miolania, Dinilysia, and Genyodectes: Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London,v. 1, p. 169-184.

Z

Zaher, H., 1998, The phylogenetic position of Pachyrhachis within snakes (Squamata, Lepidosauria): Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 18, n. 1, p. 1-3.

Zaher, H., and Rieppel O., 1999, The phlyogenetic relationships of Pachyrhachis problematicus, an evolution of limblessness in snakes (Lepidosauria, Squamata): Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des Sciences Paris, Sciences de la terre et des planets, v. 329, p. 831-837.