LEGION: LEPIDOSAUROMORPHA BENTON, 1983
= DIVISION: LEPIDOSAURIA DUMERIL & BIBRON, 1839
= SUBDIVISION: LEPIDOSAURIA GARDNER, 1982

SUBLEGION: LEPIDOSAURIA HAECKEL, 1866 (DUMERIL & BIBRON, 1839)
= SUPERORDER: LEPIDOSAURIA HAECKEL, 1866 (DUMERIL & BIBRON, 1839)
= SUPERCOHORT: RHYNCHOCEPHALIA WILEY, 1979

Incertae sedis

Gen. sp indet.

MAGNORDER: SPHENODONTIFORMES Hay, 1930

ORDER: SPHENODONTIA WILLISTON, 1925
= SUBORDER: SPHENODONTOIDEA LYDEKKER, 1888
= SUBORDER: HOMOEOSAURIA HUXLEY, 1871
= SUBORDER: SPHENODONTI JAEKEL, 1911
= SUBORDER: SPHENODONTIA KUHN, 1966
= SUBORDER: SPHENODONTINA LYDEKKER, 1888
= SUBORDER: SPENODONTOIDEA NOPCSA, 1923
= ORDER: RHYNCHOCEPHALIA ZITTEL, 1902 (
partim)
= NEOSAUROMORPHA HUENE, 1956 (partim)

Incertae sedis
= Family: EUPOSAURIDAE Camp, 1923

Genus: Eifelosaurus JAEKEL, 1904
E. triadicus JAEKEL, 1904 (Type)

Genus: Euposaurus JOURDAN, 1892
E. thoillierei LORTET, 1892 (Type)
E. lorteri HOFFSTETTER, 1964
Note: Should be grouped with Saphenosaurus, Kallimodon, Piocormus and Leptosaurus (EVANS, 1994).

Genus: Lamarquesaurus APESTEGUIA & ROUGIER, 2007
L. cabazai APESTEGUIA & ROUGIER, 2007 (Type)

Genus: Scharschengia HUENE, 1940 (nomen dubium)
S. enigmatica HUENE, 1940 (Type)
S. sp

Genus: Sphenocondor APESTEGUIA, GOMEZ & ROUGIER, 2012
S. gracilis APESTEGUIA, GOMEZ & ROUGIER, 2012 (Type)

Genus: Sphenotitan MARTINEZ, APALDETTI, COLOMBI, PRADEIRO, FERNANDEZ, MALNIS, CORREA, ABELIN, & ALCOBER, 2013
S. leyesi MARTINEZ, APALDETTI, COLOMBI, PRADEIRO, FERNANDEZ, MALNIS, CORREA, ABELIN, & ALCOBER, 2013 (Type)

Genus: Nova CISNEROS & SCHULTZ, 2000

Genus: Nova SERENO, 2006

Gen. sp indet.

Family: GEPHYROSAURIDAE Evans, 1980
= PLESION: GEPHYROSAURIDAE BENTON & NORMAN, in BENTON, 1985

Genus: Gephyrosaurus EVANS, 1980
G. bridensis EVANS, 1980 (Type)
G. sp

Family: SPHENODONTIDAE Cope, 1869
= Family: HATTERIIDAE, Cope, 1864
= Subfamily: SPHENODONTINAE Cope, 1869
= Family: ELACHISOTOSUCHIDAE Huene emend Hoffester, 1955
= Superfamily: ELACHISTOSUCHOIDEA Huene emend Hoffester, 1955 (sensu Huene, 1956)

Genus: Ankylosphenodon REYNOSO, 2000
A. pachyostosus REYNOSO, 2000 (Type)

Genus: Cynosphenodon REYNOSO, 1996
C. huizachalensis REYNOSO, 1996 (Type)

Genus: Diphydontosaurus WHITESIDE, 1986
D. avonis WHITESIDE, 1986 (Type)
D. sp

Genus: Elachistosuchus JANENSCH, 1949
E. huenei JANENSCH, 1949 (Type)

Genus: Godavarisaurus EVANS, PRASAD & MANHAS, 2001
G. latefi EVANS, PRASAD & MANHAS, 2001 (Type)

Genus: Kawasphenodon APESTEGUIA, 2005
K. expectatus APESTEGUIA, 2005 (Type)

Genus: Oenosaurus RAUHUT, HEYNG, LOPEZ-ARBARELLO, & HECKER, 2012
= Genus: Nova RAUHUT & HEYNG, 2009
O. muehlheimensis RAUHUT, HEYNG, LOPEZ-ARBARELLO, & HECKER, 2012 (Type)

Genus: Opisthias GILMORE, 1909
= Theretairus SIMPSON, 1926
O. rarus GILMORE, 1909 (Type)
= Theretairus antiquus SIMPSON, 1926
O. sp

Genus: Paleollanosaurus HECKERT, 2004
= Llanosauurs HECKERT, 2002 (nomen nudum)
P. fraseri HECKERT, 2004 (Type)
= Llanosauurs fraseri HECKERT, 2002 (nomen nudum)

Genus: Pamizinsaurus REYNOSO, 1997
P. tlayuaensis REYNOSO, 1997 (Type)

Genus: Pelecymala FRASER, 1986
P. robustus FRASER, 1986 (Type)
P. sp

Genus: Planocephalosaurus FRASER, 1982
P. robinsonae FRASER, 1982 (Type)
P. lucasi HECKERT, 2002 (nomen nudum)
P. Species: Nova HECKERT, 2001
P. sp

Genus: Rebbanasaurus EVANS, PRASAD & MANHAS, 2001
R. jani EVANS, PRASAD & MANHAS, 2001 (Type)

Genus: Sigmala FRASER, 1986
S. sigmala FRASER, 1986 (Type)
S. sp

Genus: Sphenodon GRAY, 1872 (Living)
= Hatteria GRAY, 1872
= Rhynchocephalus OWEN, 1845
= Sphaenodon GRAY, 1881 (sic)
S. punctatus GRAY, 1872 (Type)
S. punctatus punctatus (GRAY 1931)
S. punctatus reischeki WETTSTEIN, 1943 (Living?)
S. guntheri Buller, 1877 (Living)
S. diversum Colenso, 1886 (Extinct)
S. sp

Genus: Sphenovipera REYNOSO, 2005
S. jimmysoyi REYNOSO, 2005 (Type)

Genus: Tingitana EVANS & SIGOGNEAU-RUSSELL, 1997
T. anoualae EVANS & SIGOGNEAU-RUSSELL, 1997 (Type)

Genus: Zapatadon REYNOSO & CLARK, 1998
Z. ejidoensis REYNOSO & CLARK, 1998 (Type)

Sphenodon B EVANS & SIGOGNEAU-RUSSELL, 1997

Sphenodont X

Genus: Nova? CHURE, 1992

Genus: Nova FERIGOLO, BONAPARTE & RIBEIRO, 1999

Genus: Nova HECKERT, 2001

Genus: Nova NOVAS, APESTEGUIA, POL, DE VALAIS, FORASIEPI, LEANZA, GONZALEZ & HARO, 1999

Gen. sp indet.

Family: HOMAEOSAURIDAE Gervais, 1854
= Subfamily: HOMOEOSAURINAE Gervais, 1854 (sensu Gervasi, 1859)
= Subfamily: HOMEOSAURIDES Gervais, 1854 (sensu Gervais, 1850)

Genus: Homoeosaurus MEYER, 1845
= Homaeosaurus ZITTELL, 1887-1889 (sic)
= Homosaurus MEYER, 1847 (sic)
= Stelliosaurus JOURDAN, 1862
H. maximiliani MEYER, 1845 (Type)
= Homosaurus maximiliani MEYER, 1847 (sic)
= Homoeosaurus jourdani LORETET, 1892
= Euposaurus cirinensis LORTET 1892
= Homoeosaurus aff. solnhofensis FABRE, 1973
H. major BOULENGER, 1891
H. solnhofensis COCUDE-MICHEL, 1963
H. sp

Genus: Leptosaurus FITZINGER, 1837
= ?Kallimodon COCUDE-MICHEL 1963
L. neptunisus (GOLDFUSS, 1831) (Type)
= Lacerta neptunia GOLDFUSS, 1831
= Leptosaurus neptunicus FITZINGER, 1837
= Homoeosaurus maximilliani AMMON, 1886 non MEYER, 1845
= Homoeosaurus parvipes COCUDE-MICHEL, 1963
= Kallimodon cerinensis COCUDE-MICHEL, 1963
L. pulchellus (ZITTELL, 1887)
= Homoesaurus pulchellus ZITTELL, 1887
= Kallimodon pulchellus (ZITTELL, 1887) FRICKHINGER, 1994
= Sauranodon incisivus LORTET, 1892
= Homoeosaurus rhodani LORTET, 1892
= Homoeosaurus brevipes ROTHPLETZ, 1909
= Homoeosaurus pulchellus BROILI, 1925
= Homoeosaurus rhodani HUENE, 1952 non LORETET, 1992

Family: BRACHYRHINODONTIDAE Huene, 1948
= Subfamily: BRACHYRHINODONTINAE Huene, 1948

= Family: POLYSPHENODONTIDAE Kuhn, 1969
= Family: CLEVOSAURIDAE Bonaparte & Sues, 2006

Genus: Brachyrhinodon HUENE, 1910
B. taylori HUENE, 1910 (Type)

Genus: Clevosaurus SWINTON, 1939
= Dianosaurus YOUNG, 1982
= Glevosaurus ROBINSON, 1973
C. hudsoni SWINTON, 1939 (Type)
C. minor FRASER & WALKDEN, 1983
C. petilus (YOUNG, 1982)
= Dianosaurus petilus YOUNG, 1982
= Clevosaurus wangi WU, 1994
C. latidens FRASER, 1993
C. mcgilli WU, 1994
C. bairdi SUES, SHUBIN & OLSEN, 1994
C. convallis SAILA, 2005
C. brasiliensis BONAPARTE & SUES, 2006
C. sectumsemper KLEIN, WHITESIDE, LUCAS, VIEGAS, & BENTON, 2015
C. sp

Genus: Polysphenodon JAEKEL, 1911
P. muelleri JAEKEL, 1911 (Type)

Family: EILENODONTIDAE Ramussen & Callison, 1981
= Subfamily: EILENODONTINAE Ramussen & Callison, 1981

Genus: Eilenodon RASMUSSEN & CALLISON, 1981
E. robustus RASMUSSEN & CALLISON, 1981 (Type)
E. sp

Genus: Kaikaifilusaurus SIMON & KELLNER, 2005
K. calvoi SIMON & KELLNER, 2005 (Type)

Genus: Priosphenodon APESTEGUIA & NOVAS, 2003
P. avelasi APESTEGUIA & NOVAS, 2003 (Type)
P. minimus APESTEGUIA & CARBALLIDO, 2014

Genus: Toxolophosaurus OLSEN, 1960
T. cloudi OLSEN, 1960 (Type)
T. Species: Nova KIRKLAND, BRITT, BURGE, CARPENTER, CIFELLI, DECOURTEN, EATON, HASIOTIS & LAWTON, 1997

Gen. sp indet.

SUBORDER: PLEUROSAUROIDEA FITZINGER, 1843
= SUBORDR: PLEUROSAURI FITZINGER, 1843
= SUBORDER: PLEUROSAURIA GIEBEL, 1847
= SUBORDER: ACROSAURIER MEYER, 1861
= Superfamily: ACROSAURIDEA Andreae, 1893 (sensu Nopsca, 1924)
= Superfamily: ACROSAUROIDEA Andreae, 1893 (sensu Nopcsa, 1928)

Family: PLEUROSAURIDAE Lydekker, 1888
= Family: ACROSAURIDAE Andreae, 1893
= Subfamily: PLEUROSAURINAE Lydekker, 1888 (sensu Huene, 1956)

Genus: Palaeopleurosaurus CARROLL, 1985
P. posidoniae CARROLL, 1985 (Type)

Genus: Pleurosaurus MEYER, 1831
= Acrosaurus MEYER, 1854
= Anguisaurus MUENSTER, 1839
= Anguinosaurus MUENSTER, 1840 (sic)
= Saurophidium (JORDAN, 1862) GERVAIS, 1871
P. goldfussi MEYER, 1831 (Type)
= Pleurosaurus goldfufsii MEYER (sic)
= Anguisaurus bipes MEYER, 1854
= Acrosaurus fischmanni MEYER, 1854
= Anguisaurus munsteri WAGNER, 1859 (nomen nudum)
= Anguisaurus munsteri WAGNER, 1861
= Pleurosaurus munsteri (WAGNER, 1861 )
= Pleurosaurus minor WAGNER, 1861
= Saurophidium munsteri GERVIAS, 1873
= Pleurosaurus lorteii BROILI, 1926
P. ginsburgi FABRE, 1974
P. sp

Genus: Nova? APPLEGATE & CABRAL-PEERDOMO, 1994

SUBORDER: SAPHEOSAUROIDEA KUHN, 1969

Family: SAPHENOSAURIDAE Nopcsa, 1923
= Subfamily: SAPHAEOSAURINAE Nopcsa, 1923
= Family: SAURANODONTES Lortet, 1892
= Family: SAURANODONTIDAE Boulenger, 1893 non Marsh, 1879

Genus: Piocormus WAGNER, 1852
P. laticeps WAGNER, 1852 (Type)
= Saphenosaurus laticeps (WAGNER, 1852)

Genus: Sapheosaurus MEYER, 1850
= Saphaeosaurus in errore, JOURDAN, 1862
= Sauranodon JOURDAN, 1862 non MARSH, 1879
S. thiollierei MEYER, 1850 (Type)
= Sauranodon incisivus JOURDAN, 1862

Bibliography

Bibliography for taxa list

_____________________________________________________________________________________

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A

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Apesteguia, S., and Rougier, G. W., 2007, A Late Campanian Sphenodontid maxilla from Northern Patagonia: American Museum Novitates, n. 3581, 11pp.

B

Ballen, W., 1877, (Hatteria) Sphenodon guntheri sp n. from Brothers Islands, near Crook Strait, New Zealand, and nots on S. punctatus: Transactions of New Zealand History, v. 9, p. 317-325.

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Boulenger, G. A., 1891, On British Remains of Homaeosaurus, with Remarks on the Classification of the Rhynchocephalia: Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, p.167-172.

Broili, F., 1926, Ein neuer Fund von Pleurosaurus aus dem Malm Frankens: Abhandlungen der Bayerischen Akademieder Wissenschaften Mathematisch-naturwissenschafliche, Abd. , BD 30, p. 1-48.

C

Carroll, R. L., 1985, A pleurosaur from the Lower Jurassic and the taxonomic position of the Sphenodontida: Palaeontographica., Series A, v. 189, p. 1-28.

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Cocude-Michel, M., 1964, Etude d'Eichstattisaurus digitatellus (= Homoeosaurus digitatellus GRIER 1914) Saurien du Portlandien inferieur de Solenhofen: Bulletin de la societie geologiques de France, 7th series, p. 704-706.

Costa, O. G., 1864, Paleontologia del Regno di Napoli, II Atti della R. Academia Pontaniana, Nopoli, v. 8, p. 1-198.

E

Evans, S. E., 1980, The skull of a new eosuchian reptile from the Early Jurassic of South Wales: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, v. 70, p. 208-264.

Evans, S. E., 1994, A re-evaluation of the Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian) reptile Euposaurus (Reptilia: Lepidosauria) from Cerin, France: Geobios, v. 27, n. 5, p. 621-631.

Evans, S. E., 1996, Parviraptor (Squamata: Anguimorpha) and Other Lizards from the Morrison Formation at Fruita, Colorado: In: The Continental Jurassic, Michael Morales, Ed., 1996, Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin, n. 60, p. 243-248.

Evans, S. E., and Digogneau-Russell D., 1997, New Sphenodontians (Diaspida: Lepidosauria: Rhynocephalia) from the Early Cretaceous of North Africa: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v, 17, n. 1, p. 45-51.

Evans, S. E., Prasad, G. V. R., and Manhas, B. K., 2001, Rhynchocephalians (Diapsida: Lepidosauria) from the Jurassic Kota Formation of India: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, v. 133, p. 309-334.

F

Fabre, M. J., 1973, Un squelette d'Homoeosaurus aff. solnhofensis (Rhynchocephalia) du Portlandien du Petit Plan de Canjuers (Var): Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des Sciences Paris, tomo 276, p. 1139-1142.

Fabre, M. J., 1974, Un squelette de Pleurosaurus ginsburgi nov. sp. (Rhynchochocephalia) du Portlandien du Petit Plan de Canjuers (Var): Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des Sciences Paris, tomo 278, p. 2417-2420.

Fraser, N. C., 1982, A new Rhynchocephalian from the British Upper Trias: Palaeontology, v. 25, part 4, p. 709-725.

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Fraser, N. C., 1993, A New Sphenodontian from the Early Mesozoic of England and North American: Implications for Correlating Early Mesozoic Continental Deposits: In: The Nonmarine Triassic, Edited by Spencer G. Lucas and Michael Morales. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 3, 1993, p. 135-139.

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G

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Gervais, P., 1871, Reptiles provenant des calcaires lithographiques de Cirin, Dans le Bugey, qui sont conserves au Musee de Lyon: Bulletin de la societie geologiques de France, v. 27, p. 171-172.

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H

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J

Jaekel, O., 1911, Ein Uebersicht uber die Wirbeltiere. Berlin, p. 145-146.

Janensch, W., 1949, Ein Neües Reptil aus dem Keuper von Halberstadt: Neües Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie Monatschefte, Abt B, p. 225-242.

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K

Klein, C. G., Whiteside, D. I., de lucas, V. S., Viegas, P. A., and Benton, M. J., 2015, A distinctive Late Triassic microvertebrate fissure fauna and a new species of Clevosaurus (Lepidosauria: Rhynchocephalia) from Woodleaze Quarry, Gloucestershire, UK: Proceedings of the Geological Association, (in pres) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pgeola.2015.05.003, 15 pp.

Kuhn, O., 1935, Fossilium Catalogus, I: Animalia, Rhynchocephalia (Eosuchia): Pars 71, p. 1-39.

Kuhn, O., 1959, Die phylogenetische Bedeutung des Wirbelbaus der altesten Tetrapoden: Neües Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie, Monatschefte, 1959, n. 1, p. 24-33.

Kuhn, O., 1959, Die Ordnungen der fossilen “Amphhibien” und “Reptilen”: Neües Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie, Monatschefte, n. 3, p. 337-347.

L

Lortet, L., 1892, Les Reptiles fossils du basin du Rhone: Archives du Museum d’historie naturelle de Lyon, v. 5, p. 29-73, 80-90.

M

Martinez, R. N., Apaldetti, C., Colombi, C. E., Praderio, A., Fernandez, E., Malnis, P. S., Correa, G. A., Abelin, D., and Alcober, O., 2013, A new sphenodontian (Lepidosauria: Rhynchocephalia) from the Late Triassic of Argentina and the early origin of the herbivoreopishodontians: Proceedings of the Royal Society, series B, v. 240, 7pp.

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Meyer, H., 1848, Mittheilungen an Proffisor Broon gerichtet: Neües Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaontologie, Bd. 16, p. 465-473. (Anguisaurus).

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N

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O

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R

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